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Introduction 4

Instrument Cluster 10

Warning lights and chimes 10Gauges 14

Entertainment Systems 16

AM/FM stereo with single CD 16AM/FM stereo with in-dash six CD 20

Climate Controls 31

Heater only 31Manual heating and air conditioning 32Rear window defroster 34

Lights 35

Headlamps 35Turn signal control 38Bulb replacement 38

Driver Controls 45

Windshield wiper/washer control 45Steering wheel adjustment 46Power windows 48Mirrors 49Speed control 50Remote audio controls 53Moon roof 53

Locks and Security 59

Keys 59Locks 59Anti-theft system 67

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Seating and Safety Restraints 71

Seating 71Safety restraints 76Airbags 90Child restraints 101

Tires, Wheels and Loading 114

Tire information 114Tire inflation 116Vehicle loading 129Trailer towing 134Recreational towing 137

Driving 138

Starting 138Brakes 141Traction Control™ 143Transmission operation 145

Roadside Emergencies 151

Getting roadside assistance 151Hazard flasher switch 152Fuel pump shut-off switch 153Fuses and relays 153Changing tires 160Lug nut torque 165Jump starting 166Wrecker towing 171

Customer Assistance 172

Reporting safety defects (U.S. only) 178Reporting safety defects (Canada only) 179

Cleaning 180

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Maintenance and Specifications 187

Engine compartment 189Engine oil 191Battery 193Engine coolant 195Fuel information 201Air filter(s) 215Part numbers 216Maintenance product specifications and capacities 217Engine data 219

Accessories 222

Index 224

All rights reserved. Reproduction by any means, electronic or mechanicalincluding photocopying, recording or by any information storage and retrievalsystem or translation in whole or part is not permitted without writtenauthorization from Ford Motor Company. Ford may change the contents withoutnotice and without incurring obligation.

Copyright © 2006 Ford Motor Company

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CALIFORNIA Proposition 65 Warning

WARNING: Engine exhaust, some of its constituents, and certainvehicle components contain or emit chemicals known to the State

of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductiveharm. In addition, certain fluids contained in vehicles and certain productsof component wear contain or emit chemicals known to the State ofCalifornia to cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive harm.

PERCHLORATE MATERIALCertain components of this vehicle such as air bag modules, seat beltpretensioners, and button cell batteries may contain Perchlorate Material– Special handling may apply for service or vehicle end of life disposal.See www.dtsc.ca.gov/hazardouswaste/perchlorate.

CONGRATULATIONSCongratulations on acquiring your new Ford. Please take the time to getwell acquainted with your vehicle by reading this handbook. The moreyou know and understand about your vehicle, the greater the safety andpleasure you will derive from driving it.For more information on Ford Motor Company and its products visit thefollowing website:• In the United States: www.ford.com• In Canada: www.ford.ca• In Australia: www.ford.com.au• In Mexico: www.ford.com.mxAdditional owner information is given in separate publications.This Owner’s Guide describes every option and model variant availableand therefore some of the items covered may not apply to yourparticular vehicle. Furthermore, due to printing cycles it may describeoptions before they are generally available.Remember to pass on this Owner’s Guide when reselling the vehicle. Itis an integral part of the vehicle.

Fuel pump shut-off switch: In the event of an accident thesafety switch will automatically cut off the fuel supply to the

engine. The switch can also be activated through sudden vibration (e.g.collision when parking). To reset the switch, refer to the Fuel pumpshut-off switch in the Roadside Emergencies chapter.

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SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION

Warning symbols in this guide

How can you reduce the risk of personal injury to yourself or others? Inthis guide, answers to such questions are contained in commentshighlighted by the warning triangle symbol. These comments should beread and observed.

Warning symbols on your vehicleWhen you see this symbol, it isimperative that you consult therelevant section of this guide beforetouching or attempting adjustmentof any kind.

Protecting the environmentWe must all play our part inprotecting the environment. Correctvehicle usage and the authorizeddisposal of waste, cleaning andlubrication materials are significantsteps towards this aim. Information in this respect is highlighted in thisguide with the tree symbol.

BREAKING-IN YOUR VEHICLEYour vehicle does not need an extensive break-in. Try not to drivecontinuously at the same speed for the first 1,000 miles (1,600 km) ofnew vehicle operation. Vary your speed frequently in order to give themoving parts a chance to break in.Do not add friction modifier compounds or special break-in oils during thefirst few thousand miles (kilometers) of operation, since these additivesmay prevent piston ring seating. See Engine oil in the Maintenance andSpecifications chapter for more information on oil usage.

SPECIAL NOTICES

New Vehicle Limited WarrantyFor a detailed description of what is covered and what is not covered byyour vehicle’s New Vehicle Limited Warranty, refer to the WarrantyGuide that is provided to you along with your Owner’s Guide.

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Special instructionsFor your added safety, your vehicle is fitted with sophisticated electroniccontrols.

Please read the section Airbag supplemental restraint system(SRS) in the Seating and Safety Restraints chapter. Failure to

follow the specific warnings and instructions could result in personalinjury.

Front seat mounted rear-facing child or infant seats shouldNEVER be placed in front of an active passenger airbag.

Service Data RecordingService data recorders in your vehicle are capable of collecting andstoring diagnostic information about your vehicle. This potentiallyincludes information about the performance or status of various systemsand modules in the vehicle, such as engine, throttle, steering or brakesystems. In order to properly diagnose and service your vehicle, FordMotor Company, Ford of Canada, and service and repair facilities mayaccess vehicle diagnostic information through a direct connection to yourvehicle when diagnosing or servicing your vehicle.

Event Data RecordingOther modules in your vehicle — event data recorders — are capable ofcollecting and storing data during a crash or near crash event. Therecorded information may assist in the investigation of such an event.The modules may record information about both the vehicle and theoccupants, potentially including information such as:• how various systems in your vehicle were operating;• whether or not the driver and passenger seatbelts were buckled;• how far (if at all) the driver was depressing the accelerator and/or the

brake pedal;• how fast the vehicle was traveling; and• where the driver was positioning the steering wheel.

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To access this information, special equipment must be directly connectedto the recording modules. Ford Motor Company and Ford of Canada donot access event data recorder information without obtaining consent,unless pursuant to court order or where required by law enforcement,other government authorities or other third parties acting with lawfulauthority. Other parties may seek to access the informationindependently of Ford Motor Company and Ford of Canada.

Cell phone useThe use of Mobile Communications Equipment has become increasinglyimportant in the conduct of business and personal affairs. However,drivers must not compromise their own or others’ safety when usingsuch equipment. Mobile Communications can enhance personal safetyand security when appropriately used, particularly in emergencysituations. Safety must be paramount when using mobile communicationsequipment to avoid negating these benefits.Mobile Communication Equipment includes, but is not limited to cellularphones, pagers, portable email devices, in-vehicle communicationssystems, telematics devices and portable two-way radios.

Driving while distracted can result in loss of vehicle control,accident and injury. Ford strongly recommends that drivers use

extreme caution when using any device that may take their focus offthe road. The drivers primary responsibility is the safe operation oftheir vehicle. Only use cell phones and other devices not essential tothe driving task when it is safe to do so.

Middle East/North Africa vehicle specific informationFor your particular global region, your vehicle may be equipped withfeatures and options that are different from the ones that are describedin this Owner’s Guide; therefore, a supplement has been supplied thatcomplements this book. By referring to the pages in the providedsupplement, you can properly identify those features, recommendationsand specifications that are unique to your vehicle. Refer to thisOwner’s Guide for all other required information and warnings.

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These are some of the symbols you may see on your vehicle.

Vehicle Symbol Glossary

Safety Alert See Owner’s Guide

Fasten Safety Belt Airbag - Front

Airbag - Side Child Seat

Child Seat InstallationWarning

Child Seat LowerAnchor

Child Seat TetherAnchor

Brake System

Anti-Lock Brake SystemBrake Fluid -Non-Petroleum Based

Powertrain Malfunction Speed Control

Master Lighting Switch Hazard Warning Flasher

Fog Lamps-Front Fuse Compartment

Fuel Pump Reset Windshield Wash/Wipe

WindshieldDefrost/Demist

Rear WindowDefrost/Demist

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Vehicle Symbol Glossary

Power WindowsFront/Rear

Power Window Lockout

Child Safety DoorLock/Unlock

Interior LuggageCompartment ReleaseSymbol

Panic Alarm Engine Oil

Engine CoolantEngine CoolantTemperature

Do Not Open When Hot Battery

Avoid Smoking, Flames,or Sparks

Battery Acid

Explosive Gas Fan Warning

Power Steering FluidMaintain Correct FluidLevel

MAX

MIN

Emission System Engine Air Filter

Passenger CompartmentAir Filter

Jack

Check Fuel CapLow Tire PressureWarning

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WARNING LIGHTS AND CHIMESStandard instrument cluster

Optional instrument cluster

Warning lights and gauges can alert you to a vehicle condition that maybecome serious enough to cause expensive repairs. A warning light mayilluminate when a problem exists with one of your vehicle’s functions.Many lights will illuminate when you start your vehicle to make sure thebulb works. If any light remains on after starting the vehicle, refer to therespective system warning light for additional information.Check engine: The Check Engineindicator light illuminates when theignition is first turned to the ONposition to check the bulb and toindicate whether the vehicle is ready for Inspection/Maintenance (I/M)testing. Normally, the !Check Engine! light will stay on until the engine iscranked, then turn itself off if no malfunctions are present. However, ifafter 15 seconds the !Check Engine! light blinks eight times, it means

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that the vehicle is not ready for I/M testing. See the Readiness forInspection/Maintenance (I/M) testing in the Maintenance andSpecifications chapter.Solid illumination after the engine is started indicates the On BoardDiagnostics System (OBD-II) has detected a malfunction. Refer toOBD-II in the Maintenance and Specifications chapter. If the light isblinking, engine misfire is occurring which could damage your catalyticconverter. Drive in a moderate fashion (avoid heavy acceleration anddeceleration) and have your vehicle serviced immediately by yourauthorized dealer.

Under engine misfire conditions, excessive exhaust temperaturescould damage the catalytic converter, the fuel system, interior

floor coverings or other vehicle components, possibly causing a fire.

Check fuel cap: Illuminates whenthe fuel cap may not be properlyinstalled. Continued driving withthis light on may cause the Checkengine warning light to come on,refer to Fuel filler cap in the Maintenance and Specification chapter.Brake system warning light: Toconfirm the brake system warninglight is functional, it willmomentarily illuminate when theignition is turned to the ON positionwhen the engine is not running, or in a position between ON and START,or by applying the parking brake when the ignition is turned to the ONposition. If the brake system warning light does not illuminate at thistime, seek service immediately from your authorized dealer. Illuminationafter releasing the parking brake indicates low brake fluid level and thebrake system should be inspected immediately by your authorized dealer.

Driving a vehicle with the brake system warning light on isdangerous. A significant decrease in braking performance may

occur. It will take you longer to stop the vehicle. Have the vehiclechecked by your authorized dealer. Driving extended distances withthe parking brake engaged can cause brake failure and the risk ofpersonal injury.

CHECKFUELCAP

P!BRAKE

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Anti-lock brake system: If theABS light stays illuminated orcontinues to flash, a malfunction hasbeen detected, have the systemserviced immediately by yourauthorized dealer. Normal braking is still functional unless the brakewarning light also is illuminated.Airbag readiness: If this light failsto illuminate when ignition is turnedto ON, continues to flash or remainson, have the system servicedimmediately by your authorized dealer. A chime will also sound when amalfunction in the supplemental restraint system has been detected.Safety belt: Reminds you to fastenyour safety belt. A Belt-Minder"chime will also sound to remind youto fasten your safety belt. Refer tothe Seating and safety restraintschapter to activate/deactivate the Belt-Minder" chime feature.Charging system: Illuminates whenthe battery is not charging properly.

Engine oil pressure: Illuminateswhen the oil pressure falls below thenormal range, refer to Engine oil inthe Maintenance andSpecifications chapter.Anti-theft system: Flashes whenthe SecuriLock# Passive Anti-theftSystem has been activated.

Overdrive off (if equipped):Illuminates when the overdrivefunction of the transaxle has beenturned off, refer to the Drivingchapter. If the light flashes steadily or does not illuminate, have thetransmission serviced soon, or damage may occur.

ABS

O/DOFF

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Upshift (if equipped): Tomaximize fuel economy, this lightilluminates when the manualtransmission should be shifted tothe next highest gear. Refer to the Driving chapter for moreinformation.Traction Control# system(if equipped): Illuminates whenthe Traction Control# is turnedOFF and will flash when active. Ifthe light remains on, have thesystem serviced immediately, referto the Driving chapter for moreinformation.Low fuel: Illuminates when the fuellevel in the fuel tank is at or nearempty (refer to Fuel gauge in thischapter).

Speed control (if equipped):Illuminates when the speed controlis activated. Turns off when thespeed control system is deactivated,refer to the Driver Controlschapter for more information.Door ajar: Illuminates when theignition is in the ON position andany door is open.

Turn signal: Illuminates when theleft or right turn signal or thehazard lights are turned on. If theindicators stay on or flash faster, check for a burned out bulb.High beams: Illuminates when thehigh beam headlamps are turned on.

Key-in-ignition warning chime: Sounds when the key is left in theignition in the OFF/LOCK or ACCESSORY position and the driver’s dooris opened.

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Headlamps on warning chime: Sounds when the headlamps or parkinglamps are on, the ignition is off (the key is not in the ignition) and thedriver’s door is opened.Gearshift warning chime (automatic transaxle only): Sounds whenthe gearshift lever is not in P (Park) and the driver’s door is opened.

GAUGES

Speedometer: Indicates thecurrent vehicle speed.

Engine coolant temperaturegauge: Indicates engine coolanttemperature. At normal operatingtemperature, the needle will be inthe normal range. If it enters thered section, the engine isoverheating. Stop the vehicle assoon as safely possible, switchoff the engine and let the engine cool. If it enters the red sectionand the Check Engine indicator light illuminates, refer to How fail safecooling works in the Maintenance and Specifications chapter.

Never remove the coolant reservoir cap while the engine isrunning or hot.

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Odometer: Registers the total miles(kilometers) of the vehicle.

Trip odometer: Registers the miles(kilometers) of individual journeys.To reset, depress the reset control.

Tachometer (if equipped):Indicates the engine speed inrevolutions per minute. Driving withyour tachometer pointercontinuously at the top of the scalemay damage the engine.

Fuel gauge: Indicatesapproximately how much fuel is leftin the fuel tank (when the ignitionis in the ON position). The fuelgauge may vary slightly when thevehicle is in motion or on a grade.Refer to Filling the tank in theMaintenance and Specificationschapter for more information.

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AUDIO SYSTEMS

AM/FM stereo with single CD — Premium (if equipped)

AM/FM stereo with single CD/MP3 — Premium (if equipped)

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1. / Tune selector: Press tomanually increase/decrease theradio frequency.

2. Phone/mute: Press to mute theplaying media. Press again to returnto the playing media.3. Menu: Press MENU to access themain menu functions. Use the Tuneselector ( / ) or SEEKfor adjustments.Track/Folder mode: (Available with the CD/MP3 Premium systemonly). This mode is active with MP3 discs in CD mode. In Track Mode,CD functions use all tracks on the disc. In Folder Mode, CD functionsuse the tracks only within the current folder.Compression: Available only in CD mode. Compression brings soft andloud CD passages together for a more consistent listening level.Repeat: (Available in menu mode only with the AM/FM single CD/MP3Premium system). Available only in CD mode. Select to repeat thecurrent CD track.Autoset: Sets the strongest radio stations on the radio frequency bandwithout losing the original manually set preset stations for the currentradio frequency band. With AUTOSET ON, the six strongest stations arefilled in the presets. The tuner will be set to the station stored in preset1. If there are less than six strong stations, the system will store the lastone in all of the remaining presets. Turning AUTOSET OFF returns thepresets to the original preset stations.

Bass/Treble: Press the Tune Selector ( / ) or SEEK toincrease/decrease the Bass or Treble levels.

Balance: Press the Tune Selector ( / ) or SEEK to adjustthe audio between the left and right speakers.

Fade: Press the Tune Selector ( / ) or SEEK to adjust theaudio between the front and rear speakers.Speed sensitive volume: Radio volume automatically adjusts accordingto vehicle speed to compensate for road and wind noise. Press the Tune

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selector ( / ) or SEEK to turn off or select rates 1 through7. Rate 7 compensates the most volume at higher speeds.

Setting the clock: Upon initial battery connect, this function isdisplayed first among MENU functions. Once the clock is set, this will beshown as the last MENU function. Press MENU until SELECT HOUR orSELECT MINS is displayed. Press the Tune selector ( / ) to adjustthe hours/minutes.4. Aux: Press to access theAuxiliary mode. If no auxiliarysources are available, NO AUXRADIO will be displayed.5. Seek up: Press for the nextstrong station or CD track. Pressand hold for continuous seek action.6. Text: In CD mode, press todisplay the track name, artist nameand disc name (if available).7. Shuffle: Press to play tracks inrandom order on the selected CD.The first press shows shuffle state.Repeated presses toggle shuffle on/off.8. FOLDER: Press to access thenext MP3 folder.

Comp (Compression): In CDmode, brings soft and loud CDpassages together for a moreconsistent listening level.9. FOLDER: Press to access theprevious MP3 folder.

Repeat: Available only in CD mode.Press to repeat the current CDtrack.10. Fast forward: Press and holdto manually advance the CD.

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11. Rewind: Press and hold tomanually reverse the CD.

12. Memory presets: To set astation: Select frequency bandAM/FM1/FM2; tune to a desiredstation, press and hold the preset button until the display shows that thepreset is set.13. Scan: Press for a brief samplingof all strong radio stations or CDtracks. Press again to stop scanfunction.14. Seek: Press to access theprevious strong station or track.

15. AM/FM: Press to togglebetween AM/FM1/FM2 frequencybands or to stop CD play.16. ON/OFF/Volume: Press to turnON/OFF; turn to increase/decreasethe volume levels. If the volume isset above a certain level and theignition is turned off, for at least aminute, the volume will come backon at a “nominal” listening level when the ignition switch is turned backon.17. CD: Press to enter CD mode. Ifa CD is already loaded into thesystem, CD play will begin where itlast ended.18. CD eject: Press to eject a CD. IfCD is not present, the display willread NO CD.

19. CD slot: Insert a CD label sideup.

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AM/FM Stereo with In–dash 6CD —Premium /Audiophile(if equipped)

1. / Tune Selector: Press tomanually increase/decrease theradio frequency when in tuner modeor to choose a different disc when inCD mode with multiple discs in the changer.2. Phone/mute: Press to mute theplaying media. Press again to returnto the playing media.3. Menu: Press MENU to access themain menu functions. Use the TuneSelector ( / ) or SEEKfor adjustments.RDS (Radio Data System) Available only on Audiophile radios. Thesystem is equipped with a decoder that receives special signalstransmitted on the FM frequency. The station’s name and informationwill show in the display. The system performs a search of RDS-equippedstations for a certain music format category: Classic, Country, Info,Jazz/RB, Religious, Rock, Soft, and Top 40. RDS must be activated toaccess the FIND and SHOW functions.

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To activate RDS, press and hold MENU until RDS ON or RDS OFFappears in the display. Press MENU again to continue to FIND andSHOW functions. Press the Tune Selector ( / ) or SEEK totoggle RDS on/off and to scroll through the FIND and SHOW functions.Track/Folder mode:Available only on MP3 discs in CD mode. In TrackMode, CD functions use all tracks on the disc. In Folder Mode, CDfunctions use the tracks only within the current folder.Compression: Available only in CD mode. Compression brings soft andloud CD passages together for a more consistent listening level.Autoset: Sets the strongest radio stations on the radio frequency bandwithout losing the original manually set preset stations for the currentradio frequency band. With AUTOSET ON, the six strongest stations arefilled in the presets. The tuner will be set to the station stored in preset1. If there are less than six strong stations, the system will store the lastone in all of the remaining presets. Turning AUTOSET OFF returns thepresets to the original preset stations.

Bass/Treble: Press the Tune Selector ( / ) or SEEK toincrease/decrease the Bass or Treble levels.

Balance: Press the Tune Selector ( / ) or SEEK to adjustthe audio between the left and right speakers.

Fade: Press the Tune Selector ( / ) or SEEK to adjust theaudio between the front and rear speakers.Speed sensitive volume: Radio volume automatically adjusts accordingto vehicle speed to compensate for road and wind noise. Press the Tuneselector ( / ) or SEEK to turn off or select rates 1 through7. Rate 7 compensates the most volume at higher speeds.Setting the clock: Upon initial battery connect, this function isdisplayed first among MENU functions. Once the clock is set, this will beshown as the last MENU function. Press MENU until SELECT HOUR orSELECT MINS is displayed. Press the Tune selector ( / ) to adjustthe hours/minutes.4. Aux: Press to access theAuxiliary mode. If no auxiliarysources are available, NO AUXAUDIO will be displayed.

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5. Seek up: Press for next strongstation or CD track. Press and holdfor continuous seek functionality.6. Text: Press in CD mode todisplay track title, artist and albumtitle. This feature will only functionif the CDs are manufactured with the CD text feature.7. Shuffle: Press to play tracks inrandom order on the selected CD.The first press shows shuffle state.Repeated presses toggle shuffle on/off.8. FOLDER: Press to access thenext folder on MP3 discs, if otherfolders are available.9. FOLDER: Press to access theprevious MP3 folder on MP3 discs, ifother folders are available.10. Fast forward: Press and holdto manually advance CD.

11. Rewind: Press and hold tomanually reverse CD.

12. Memory presets: To set astation: Select frequency bandAM/FM1/FM2; tune to a desiredstation, press and hold the preset button until the display shows thepreset is set.13. Scan: Press for a brief samplingof the next strong radio stations orCD tracks. Press again to stop scanfunction.14. Seek down: Press for previousstrong station or CD track. Pressand hold for continuous seekfunctionality.15. AM/FM: Press to togglebetween AM/FM1/FM2 frequencybands.

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16. ON/OFF/Volume: Press to turnON/OFF; turn to increase/decreasethe volume levels. If the volume isset above a certain level and theignition is turned off, for at least aminute, the volume will come backon at a “nominal” listening level when the ignition switch is turned backon.17. CD: Press to enter CD mode. Ifa CD is already loaded into thechanger, CD play will begin where itlast ended.18. LOAD: Press to load a CD.When display reads, SELECT SLOT,select a preset 1–6. Press and holdLOAD to autoload up to six CDs.

19. CD eject: Press to eject a CD.When display reads SELECT SLOT,select a preset 1–6. Press and holdto auto eject all CDs present in the changer. If CD is not present, theradio will display NO CD.20. CD slot: Insert a CD label sideup.

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Premium/Audiophile AM/FM in-dash six CD/MP3 sound system(if equipped)

1. / (Tune/Disc selector):In radio mode, press to manuallygo up ( ) or down ( ) theradio frequency. Press and hold fora fast advance through radio frequencies.In menu mode, use to select various settings.In CD/MP3 mode, press to select the desired disc.

2. MUTE/ : Press to mute theplaying media. Press again to returnto the playing media.3. MENU: Press repeatedly toaccess to the following settings:

Setting the clock: Press until SELECT HOURS or SELECT MINUTES isdisplayed. Press / to adjust the hours/minutes.

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AUTOSET: Press MENU until the display reads AUTOSET. Autosetallows you to set the strongest local radio stations without losing youroriginal manually set preset stations for AM/FM1/FM2. Use / /

SEEK, SEEK to turn on/off.When the six strongest stations are filled, the station stored in preset 1will begin playing. If there are less than six strong stations, the systemwill store the last one in the remaining presets.RBDS: Available only in FM mode on Audiophile systems. This featureallows you to search RBDS-equipped stations for a certain category ofmusic format: CLASSIC, COUNTRY, INFORM, JAZZ/RB, ROCK, etc.To activate, press MENU repeatedly until RBDS (ON/OFF) appears inthe display. Use / / SEEK to toggle RBDS ON/OFF. WhenRBDS is OFF, you will not be able to search for RBDS equipped stationsor view the station name or type.To search for specific RBDS music categories: When the desiredcategory appears in the display, press / to find the desired type,then press and release SEEK, SEEK or press and hold SCAN tobegin the search.To view the station name or type: When the desired category appearsin the display, press TEXT/SCAN to toggle between displaying the stationtype (COUNTRY, ROCK, etc.) or the station name (WYCD, WXYZ, etc.).

BASS: Press MENU to reach the bass setting. Use / / SEEK,SEEK to adjust.

TREB (Treble): Press MENU to reach the treble setting.Use / / SEEK, SEEK to adjust.

BAL (Balance): Press MENU to reach the balance setting.Use / / SEEK, SEEK to adjust the audio between the left(L) and right (R) speakers.

FADE: Press MENU to reach the fade setting. Use / / SEEK,SEEK to adjust the audio between the back (B) and front (F)speakers.ALL SEATS (Occupancy mode) (Available on Audiophile radios only):Press MENU repeatedly to access. Press / / SEEK tooptimize sound for ALL SEATS, DRIVERS SEAT or REAR SEATS.

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SPEEDVOL (Speed sensitive volume, if equipped): Press MENU toreach the SPEEDVOL setting. Radio volume automatically gets louderwith increasing vehicle speed to compensate for road and wind noise.Use / / SEEK, SEEK to adjust.

The default setting is off; increasing your vehicle speed will not changethe volume level.

Adjust 1–7: Increasing this setting from 1 (lowest setting) to 7 (highestsetting) allows the radio volume to automatically change slightly withvehicle speed to compensate for road and wind noise.

Recommended level is1–3; SPEED OFF turns the feature off and level 7is the maximum setting.

Track/Folder Mode: Available only on MP3 discs in CD mode. In TrackMode, pressing SEEK will scroll through all tracks on the disc.In Folder mode, pressing SEEK will scroll only through trackswithin the selected folder.Press FOLDER, FOLDER to access the previous/next folder (ifavailable).

COMPRESS (Compression): Available only in CD/MP3 mode. PressMENU until COMPRESS ON/OFF appears in the display. Use / /

SEEK, SEEK to toggle ON/OFF. When COMPRESS is ON, thesystem will bring soft and loud CD passages together for a moreconsistent listening level.4. AUX: This control is notoperational.

5. Seek: In radio mode, press/ to access the previous/next

strong station.

In CD mode, press / toaccess the previous/next CD track.

In TEXT MODE, press SEEK, SEEK to view theprevious/additional display text.

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6. (Play/Pause): Press toplay or pause a playing CD.

7. SHUFFLE: In CD/MP3 mode,press SHUFFLE to engage shufflemode. SHUFFLE ON will appear inthe display. If you wish to engage shuffle mode right away, press SEEK tobegin random play. Otherwise, random play will begin when the currenttrack is finished playing. CD SHUF will appear in the display. To disengage,press SHUFFLE again. SHUFFLE OFF will appear in the display.Note: In track mode, all tracks on the current disc will shuffle inrandom order. In MP3 folder mode, the system will randomly play alltracks within the current folder.

8. FOLDER : In folder mode,press FOLDER to access nextfolder on MP3 discs, if available.

9. FOLDER: In folder mode,press FOLDER to access theprevious folder on MP3 discs, ifavailable.10. FF (Fast forward): Press FFto manually advance in a CD/MP3track.11. REW (Rewind): Press REW tomanually reverse in a CD/MP3 track.

12. Memory presets: To set astation, select the desired frequencyband, AM, FM1 or FM2. Tune to thedesired station. Press and hold a preset button until sound returns andPRESET # SAVED appears in the display. You can save up to 18 stations,six in AM, six in FM1 and FM2.13. TEXT/SCAN: In radio andCD/MP3 mode, press and hold tohear a brief sampling of radiostations or CD tracks.In CD/MP3 mode, press and release to display track title, artist name,and disc title and file name (if available).

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14. AM/FM: Press to selectAM/FM1/FM2 frequency band.

15. ON/OFF/Volume: Press to turnON/OFF. Turn to increase/decreasevolume.Note: If the volume is set above acertain level and the ignition isturned off, the volume will come back on at a “nominal” listening levelwhen the ignition switch is turned back on.16. CD: Press to enter CD/MP3mode. If a CD/MP3 is already loadedinto the system, CD/MP3 play willbegin where it ended last.17. LOAD: To load a disc into thesystem, press LOAD. Select a slotnumber using memory presets 1–6.When the display reads LOAD CD#,load the desired disc, label side up.If you do not choose a slot within 5 seconds, the system will choose foryou. Once loaded, the first track will begin to play.To auto load up to 6 discs, press and hold LOAD until the displayreads AUTOLOAD#. Load the desired disc, label side up. The system willprompt you to load discs for the remaining available slots. Insert thediscs, one at a time, label side up, when prompted. Once loaded, the discin preset #1 will begin to play.

Note: An MP3 disc with folders will show F001 (folder #) T001 (track #)in the display. An MP3 disc without folders will show T001 (track#) inthe display.

18. (CD eject): To eject a discfrom the system, press . Selectthe correct slot number usingmemory presets 1–6. When ready, the system will eject the disc and thedisplay will read REMOVE CD. If the disc is not removed in 15 seconds,the system will reload the disc.To auto eject up to 6 CDs, press and hold until the system beginsejecting all loaded discs. If the discs are not removed, the system willreload the discs.

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19. CD slot: Insert a CD/MP3 labelside up.

GENERAL AUDIO INFORMATIONRadio frequencies:AM and FM frequencies are established by the Federal CommunicationsCommission (FCC) and the Canadian Radio and TelecommunicationsCommission (CRTC). Those frequencies are:AM: 530, 540–1700, 1710 kHzFM: 87.7, 87.9–107.7, 107.9 MHzRadio reception factors:There are three factors that can affect radio reception:• Distance/strength: The further you travel from an FM station, the

weaker the signal and the weaker the reception.• Terrain: Hills, mountains, tall buildings, power lines, electric fences,

traffic lights and thunderstorms can interfere with your reception.• Station overload: When you pass a broadcast tower, a stronger signal

may overtake a weaker one and play while the weak station frequencyis displayed.

CD/CD player careDo:• Handle discs by their edges only. Never touch the playing surface.• Inspect discs before playing. Clean only with an approved CD cleaner

and wipe from the center out.Don’t:• Expose discs to direct sunlight or heat sources for extended periods

of time.• Clean using a circular motion.

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CD units are designed to play commercially pressed 4.75 in(12 cm) audio compact discs only. Due to technicalincompatibility, certain recordable and re-recordable compactdiscs may not function correctly when used in Ford CD players.Dirty, warped or damaged CDs, irregular shaped CDs, CDs with ascratch protection film attached, and CDs with homemade paper(adhesive) labels should not be inserted into the CD player. Thelabel may peel and cause the CD to become jammed. It isrecommended that homemade CDs be identified with permanentfelt tip marker rather than adhesive labels. Ballpoint pens maydamage CDs. Please contact your authorized dealer for furtherinformation.Audio system warranty and serviceRefer to the Warranty Guide for audio system warranty information. Ifservice is necessary, see your dealer or qualified technician.

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HEATER ONLY SYSTEM(IF EQUIPPED)1. Air flow selections: Controlsthe direction of the airflow in thecabin. See the following for a briefdescription on each control.

: Distributes air through theinstrument panel vents.

: Distributes air through theinstrument panel vents and the floorvents.

: Distributes air through the floor vents.

: Distributes air through the windshield defroster vents and floorvents.

: Distributes air through the windshield defroster vents.

2. Fan speed adjustment: Controls the volume of air circulated in thecabin.3. Recirculated air: Press to toggle between outside air andrecirculated air. May help reduce undesirable odors from entering thevehicle. Recirculated air will not function in or any position inbetween and .

4. Temperature selection: Controls the temperature of the airflow inthe cabin.

Operating tips• To reduce fog build up on the windshield during humid weather, place

the air flow selector in the position.

• To reduce humidity build up inside the vehicle during cold or warmweather, do not drive with the air flow selector set to the O (OFF)position.

• Do not put objects under the front seats that will interfere with the airflow to the rear seats.

• Remove any snow, ice or leaves from the air intake area at the base ofthe windshield.

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To aid in side window defogging/demisting in cold weather:

1. Select .

2. Adjust the temperature control to maintain comfort.3. Set the fan speed to the highest setting.4. Direct the outer instrument panel vents toward the side windows.To increase airflow to the outer instrument panel vents, close the ventslocated in the middle of the instrument panel.

Do not place objects on top of the instrument panel as theseobjects may become projectiles in a collision or sudden stop.

MANUAL HEATING AND AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM(IF EQUIPPED)1. Air flow selections: Controlsthe direction of the airflow in thecabin. See the following for a briefdescription on each control.

: Distributes air through theinstrument panel vents.

: Distributes air through theinstrument panel vents and the floorvents.

: Distributes air through the floor vents.

: Distributes air through the windshield defroster and demister ventsand floor vents.

: Distributes air through the windshield defroster and demistervents. This mode can be used to clear the windshield of thin ice and fog.2. Fan speed adjustment: Controls the volume of air circulated in thecabin. Note: When the fan is turned to the O (OFF) position, the A/C isalso turned off.3. Rear defroster (if equipped): Refer to Rear window defroster inthis chapter.

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4. Recirculated air: Press to activate/deactivate air recirculationin the vehicle cabin. Recirculated air may reduce the amount of timerequired to cool down the interior of the vehicle and may also helpreduce undesired odors from reaching the interior of the vehicle.Recirculated air will not function in or any position inbetween and .

5. A/C: Provides cabin cooling.6. Temperature selection: Controls the temperature of the airflow inthe cabin.Max A/C: For maximum cabin cooling performance, select A/C (5)and (4).

Operating tips• To reduce fog build up on the windshield during humid weather, place

the air flow selector in the position and turn the fan on.• To reduce humidity build up inside the vehicle, do not drive with the

fan turned off or with recirculated air engaged.• Do not put objects under the front seats that will interfere with the

airflow to the back seats.• Remove any snow, ice or leaves from the air intake area at the base of

the windshield.• To improve A/C cool down, drive with the windows slightly open for

2–3 minutes after starting the vehicle or until the vehicle has been“aired out.”

To allow side window defogging and demisting while warming up thevehicle cabin:1. Select .2. Select A/C.3. Set the temperature control to maintain comfort.4. Set the highest fan speed.5. Direct the outer instrument panel vents towards the side windows.To increase airflow to the outer instrument panel vents, close the ventslocated in the middle of the instrument panel.

Do not place objects on top of the instrument panel as theseobjects may become projectiles in a collision or sudden stop.

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REAR WINDOW DEFROSTERThe rear defroster control is located on the instrument panel.Press the rear defroster control to clear the rear window of thin ice andfog.

• A small LED will illuminate whenthe rear defroster is activated.

The ignition must be in the ONposition to operate the rear window defroster.The defroster turns off automatically after 14 minutes or when theignition is turned to the OFF position. To manually turn off the defrosterbefore 14 minutes have passed, push the control again.Do not use razor blades or other sharp objects to clean the insideof the rear window or to remove decals from the inside of therear window. This may cause damage to the heated grid lines andwill not be covered by your warranty.

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HEADLAMP CONTROL

Turns the lamps off.

Turns on the parkinglamps, instrument panel lamps,license plate lamps and tail lamps.

Turns the headlamps on.

Ambient lighting (if equipped)Illuminates 4 footwells and 3cupholders with a choice of 7 colors.The ambient lighting control switchis located on the center console bythe gearshift lever. To activate, pressand release the control switch tocycle through the 7 color choicesplus the off state.

The lights come on whenever the headlamps/parklamps are turned on viathe headlamp switch. Note: The ambient lights will stay on as long asthe headlamp switch is ON (same as parklamps), even after the car isturned off/keys removed.

Foglamp control (if equipped)The headlamp control also operatesthe foglamps. The foglamps can beturned on when the headlampcontrol is in the or theposition and the high beams are notturned on.Pull headlamp control towards youto turn foglamps on. The foglampindicator light will illuminate.

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High beamsPull the lever towards you toactivate. Pull the lever towards youagain to deactivate.

Flash to passPull toward you slightly to activateand release to deactivate.

Daytime running lamps (DRL) (if equipped)Turns the headlamps on with a reduced output.To activate:• the ignition must be in the ON position and• the headlamp control is in the OFF or parking lamp position.

Always remember to turn on your headlamps at dusk or duringinclement weather. The Daytime Running Lamp (DRL) system

does not activate the tail lamps and generally may not provideadequate lighting during these conditions. Failure to activate yourheadlamps under these conditions may result in a collision.

PANEL DIMMER CONTROLUse to adjust the brightness of theinstrument panel during headlightand parklamp operation.• Rotate the thumbwheel from left

to right to brighten theinstrument panel.

• Rotate the thumbwheel from right to left to dim the instrument panel.

AIMING THE HEADLAMPSThe headlamps on your vehicle are properly aimed at the assembly plant.If your vehicle has been in an accident the alignment of your headlampsshould be checked by your authorized dealer.

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Vertical aim adjustment1. Park the vehicle directly in front of a wall or screen on a level surface,approximately 25 feet (7.6 meters) away.• (1) 8 feet (2.4 meters)• (2) Center height of lamp to

ground• (3) 25 feet (7.6 meters)• (4) Horizontal reference line2. Measure the height from thecenter of your headlamp to theground and mark an 8 foot (2.4meter) horizontal reference line onthe vertical wall or screen at thisheight (a piece of masking tape works well).

3. Turn on the low beam headlamps to illuminate the wall or screen andopen the hood.4. On the wall or screen you willobserve an area of high intensitylight. The top of the high intensityarea should touch the horizontalreference line. If not, the beam willneed to be adjusted.

5. Locate the vertical adjuster oneach headlamp, then use a 7 mmAllen wrench or a Phillipsscrewdriver to adjust the headlampup or down.6. HORIZONTAL AIM IS NOTREQUIRED FOR THIS VEHICLEAND IS NON-ADJUSTABLE.7. Close the hood and turn off thelamps.

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TURN SIGNAL CONTROL• Push down to activate the left

turn signal.• Push up to activate the right turn

signal.

INTERIOR LAMPS

Dome lampsThe dome lamp is equipped with acontrol switch that will illuminatewhen:• the doors are closed and the

switch is in the on position.• the switch is in the door activated

position and any door is open.

When the dome lamp switch is in the off position, it will not illuminatewhen you open the doors.

Reading lamps (if equipped)The reading lamps are operated byseparate on/off controls.Theater dimming: The dome lampdims about 20 seconds after thedoors are closed.

BULB REPLACEMENT

Headlamp CondensationThe headlamps are vented to equalize pressure. When moist air entersthe headlamp(s) through the vents, there is a possibility thatcondensation can occur. This condensation is normal and will clearwithin 45 minutes of headlamp operation.

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Using the right bulbsReplacement bulbs are specified in the chart below. Headlamp bulbsmust be marked with an authorized “D.O.T.” for North America to ensurelamp performance, light brightness and pattern and safe visibility. Thecorrect bulbs will not damage the lamp assembly or void the lampassembly warranty and will provide quality bulb burn time.

Function Trade numberHeadlamps HB5Park and turn lamp (front) 3157AK or 3157ASide marker lamp (front) GE194 or 168 (street

appearance package)Foglamps (if equipped) H11 or H1 (street

appearance package)Stop/turn and tail lamps (wagon) 3157KStop/turn and tail lamps (sedan) 3157K or 4157KStop/turn and tail lamps (3-door/5-door) 3057K or 4057KBackup lamp (sedan/wagon) 3156K or 3156Backup lamp (3-door/5-door) 921License plate lamp C-5WHigh-mount brakelamp W5WDome lamp (front/rear) 12V10WMap lamp 12V6WLuggage compartment 12V10WTo replace all instrument panel lights - see your authorized dealer

Replacing the interior bulbsCheck the operation of all bulbs frequently.

Replacing exterior bulbsCheck the operation of all the bulbs frequently.

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Replacing headlamp bulbs1. Make sure the headlamp controlis in the OFF position and open thehood.2. Pull off the bulb cap.

3. Disconnect electrical connectorfrom the bulb.4. Twist off the bulb retainer ring byturning it counterclockwise.5. Pull the bulb straight out.Install in reverse order.

Handle a halogen headlamp bulb carefully and keep out ofchildren’s reach. Grasp the bulb by only its plastic base and do

not touch the glass. The oil from your hand could cause the bulb tobreak the next time the headlamps are operated.

Note: If the bulb is accidentally touched, it should be cleaned withrubbing alcohol before being used.

Replacing front parking lamp/turn signal bulbs1. Make sure the headlamp controlis in the OFF position and open thehood.2. Remove the bulb socket from thelamp assembly by turningcounterclockwise.3. Pull the bulb straight out of thesocket.Install in reverse order.

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Replacing tail/brake/backup lights and turn signal bulbs (3dr & 5dr)1. Make sure the headlamp controlis in the OFF position and thenopen the hatchback.2. From inside the luggagecompartment remove a wing nut (ifequipped) from the lamp assembly.3. Using a Phillips screwdriverremove the screw. The lamp is stillretained by a spring loaded clip.Remove by gently pulling out thelight housing.

4. Turn the bulb socket counterclockwise as far as possible and pull itout.

5. Pull the bulb straight out of the socket.

Install in reverse order.

Replacing tail/brake/backup lights and turn signal bulbs (sedan)1. Make sure the headlamp controlis in the OFF position and thenopen the trunk.2. From inside the luggagecompartment remove the three wingnuts from the lamp assembly.3. Gently pull the lamp assemblyaway from the vehicle.4. Turn the bulb socketcounterclockwise and pull it out.

5. Pull the bulb straight out of the socket.

Install in reverse order.

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Replacing tail/brake/backup lights and turn signal bulbs (wagon)1. Make sure the headlamp controlis in the OFF position and thenopen the hatchback.2. Using a screwdriver, remove twoscrews and gently pull the lampassembly away from the vehicle.3. Remove the socket from the lampassembly4. Pull the bulb straight out of thesocket.Install in reverse order.

Replacing foglamp bulbs (if equipped)1. Make sure the headlamp switch isin the OFF position.2. Remove the front splash shieldfrom the bumper.3. Reach under the front fender, andremove the bulb socket from thefoglamp by turningcounterclockwise.4. Disconnect the electrical connector.Install the new bulb in reverse order.

Replacing side marker bulbs1. Make sure the headlamp controlis in the OFF position.2. Remove the front splash shieldfrom the bumper.3. Reach under the side of thebumper, grasp the bulb socket andturn it counterclockwise to removeit.4. Pull the bulb straight out.Install in reverse order.

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Replacing high-mount brake lamp bulbsSedan1. Make sure the headlamp controlis in the OFF position and open theluggage compartment.2. Pull the bulb holder from thelamp assembly.3. Pull the bulb straight out.Install in reverse order.

3dr & 5dr and wagon1. Make sure the headlamp controlis in the OFF position.2. Remove the screws using a TorxT20 screwdriver and then removethe plastic cover.3. Unclip the bulb holder from thereflector.4. Pull the bulb straight out.Install in reverse order.Replacing license plate lamp bulbs1. Make sure the headlamp controlis in the OFF position.2. Insert a flathead screwdriver inthe recess and pry out the completelight assembly.3. Pull the bulb straight out.Install in reverse order.

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Replacing the luggage compartment lamp1. Make sure the headlamp controlis in the OFF position.2. Carefully pry out the lightassembly from the holder with aflathead screwdriver.3. Pull the bulb straight out.Install in reverse order.

Replacing interior lamps1. Make sure the headlamp switch isin the OFF position.2. Switch off the interior lamps.3. Pry out the light assembly with aflat screwdriver at the side oppositethe switch.Install in reverse order.

Replacing reading bulbs1. Open the reading lamp assembly.2. Pull the bulb straight out andreplace it.3. After the bulb has been replaced,close the lamp assembly.Install in reverse order.

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MULTI-FUNCTION LEVERWindshield wiper: Move the leverdown for a single wipe.For intermittent operation, movecontrol up one position and adjustthe rotary control to the desiredspeed.For normal operation, move controlup two positions.

For high speed operation, move control up three positions.Mist function: To mist, push andrelease the windshield washercontrol quickly. The wipers willcycle two or three times to clear thewindshield.Windshield washer: To activatethe windshield washer, push thewindshield washer control. Releasecontrol to stop washer fluid spray. The wipers will provide three wipesafter the wash is turned off.

Note: Do not operate the washer when the washer reservoir is empty.This may cause the washer pump to overheat. Check the washer fluidlevel frequently. Do not operate the wipers when the windshield is dry.This may scratch the glass, damage the wiper blades and cause the wipermotor to burn out. Before operating the wiper on a dry windshield,always use the windshield washer. In freezing weather, be sure the wiperblades are not frozen to the windshield before operating the wipers.

Rear window wiper/washer (if equipped)

Wiper

Pull the lever towards you forintermittent wiping.

Washer

Pull the lever further to operate thewasher.

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TILT AND TELESCOPE STEERING COLUMN (IF EQUIPPED)Pull the locking lever down to adjustand telescope the steering columnposition. Return the lever to itsoriginal position to secure thewheel.The telescope function is adjustedby moving the wheel toward thedriver to telescope out and towardthe instrument panel to telescopein. Always place both handsopposite each other to adjust.

Never adjust the steering wheel when the vehicle is moving.

OVERHEAD CONSOLE (IF EQUIPPED)The appearance of your vehicle’s overhead console will vary according toyour option package.

Storage compartmentPress the latch to open the storagecompartment.

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Installing a garage door opener (if equipped)The storage compartment can be converted to accommodate a variety ofaftermarket garage door openers:• Place the VELCRO" hook onto

the side of the aftermarkettransmitter opposite of thebutton.

• Place the transmitter into storagecompartment, button down.

• Place the provided heightadaptors onto the back of thedoor as needed.

• Close the door.• Press the depression in the door

to activate the transmitter.

AUXILIARY POWER POINT (12VDC)Power outlet is designed for accessory plugs only. Do not insertany other object in the power outlet as this will damage theoutlet and blow the fuse. Do not hang any type of accessory oraccessory bracket from the plug. Improper use of the poweroutlet can cause damage not covered by your warranty.The auxiliary power point is locatedon the instrument panel.Do not use the power point foroperating the cigarette lighterelement (if equipped).To prevent the fuse from beingblown, do not use the power pointover the vehicle capacity of 12VDC/180W.

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To prevent the battery from being discharged, do not use the powerpoint longer than necessary when the engine is not running.

Always keep the power point caps closed when not being used.

Cigar lighter (if equipped)

Do not plug optional electrical accessories into the cigarette lightersocket.

Do not hold the lighter in with your hand while it is heating, this willdamage the lighter element and socket. The lighter will be released fromits heating position when it is ready to be used.

Improper use of the lighter can cause damage not covered by yourwarranty.

POWER WINDOWS (IF EQUIPPED)

Do not leave children unattended in the vehicle and do not letchildren play with the power windows. They may seriously injure

themselves.

When closing the power windows, you should verify they are freeof obstructions and ensure that children and/or pets are not in

the proximity of the window openings.

Press and hold the bottom part ofthe rocker switch to open thewindow. Press and hold the top partof the rocker switch to close thewindow.One touch down: Allows thedriver’s window to open fullywithout holding the control down.Press the driver window control completely down then release. Pressagain to stop.

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Window lockThe window lock feature allows onlythe driver and front passenger tooperate the power windows.To lock out all the rear windowcontrols slide the control to the left.Slide the control to the right torestore the window controls.

EXTERIOR MIRRORS

Power side view mirrors (if equipped)To adjust your mirrors:1. Rotate the control clockwise toadjust the right mirror and rotatethe control counterclockwise toadjust the left mirror.2. Move the control in the directionyou wish to tilt the mirror.3. Return to the center position tolock mirrors in place.

Heated mirrors (if equipped)Both mirrors are heatedautomatically to remove ice, mistand fog when the rear windowdefrost is activated.Do not remove ice from themirrors with a scraper orattempt to readjust the mirrorglass if it is frozen in place.These actions could causedamage to the glass and mirrors.

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SPEED CONTROL (IF EQUIPPED)With speed control set, you can maintain a set speed without keepingyour foot on the accelerator pedal.

Do not use the speed control in heavy traffic or on roads thatare winding, slippery or unpaved.

Setting speed controlThe controls for using your speedcontrol are located on the steeringwheel for your convenience.1. Press the ON control and releaseit.2. Accelerate to the desired speed.

3. Press the SET ACCEL controland release it.4. Take your foot off the acceleratorpedal.5. The indicator light on theinstrument cluster will turn on.

Note:• Vehicle speed may vary momentarily when driving up and down a

steep hill.• If the vehicle speed increases above the set speed on a downhill, you

may want to apply the brakes to reduce the speed.• If the vehicle speed decreases more than 10 mph (16 km/h) below

your set speed on an uphill, your speed control will disengage.

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Disengaging speed controlTo disengage the speed control:

• Depress the brake pedal or

• Depress the clutch pedal (if equipped).

Disengaging the speed control will not erase previous set speed.

Resuming a set speedPress the RES (resume) control andrelease it. This will automaticallyreturn the vehicle to the previouslyset speed.

Increasing speed while using speed controlThere are two ways to set a higherspeed:• Press and hold the SET ACCEL

control until you get to thedesired speed, then release thecontrol. You can also use the SETACCEL control to operate theTap-Up function. Press andrelease this control to increasethe vehicle set speed in smallamounts by 1 mph (1.6 km/h).

• Use the accelerator pedal to get to the desired speed. When thevehicle reaches that speed, press and release the SET ACCEL control.

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Reducing speed while using speed controlThere are two ways to reduce a setspeed:• Press and hold the COAST

control until you get to thedesired speed, then release thecontrol. You can also use theCOAST control to operate theTap-Down function. Press andrelease this control to decreasethe vehicle set speed in smallamounts by 1 mph (1.6 km/h).

• Depress the brake pedal until thedesired vehicle speed is reached,press the SET ACCEL control.

Turning off speed controlPress the speed control OFFcontrol.Note: When you turn off the speedcontrol or the ignition, your speedcontrol set speed memory is erased.

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STEERING WHEEL CONTROLS (IF EQUIPPED)

Remote audio steering column controls (if equipped)

The remote audio steering column controls may be used to select radioor CD mode. The following functions can be carried out using the remotecontrol.• Volume: Pull VOL + towards the

steering wheel to increase thevolume.Pull VOL - towards the steeringwheel to decrease the volume.

• SEEK:• Move the SEEK controltowards the steering wheel toadvance to the next preset radiostation or the next CD track.• Move the SEEK controltowards the instrument panel to seek to the next preset radio stationdown the frequency band or the previous CD track.• Move and hold the SEEK control towards the steering wheel toadvance to the next radio station.• Move and hold the SEEK control towards the instrument panel toadvance to the next radio station down the frequency band.

• MODE: Press to toggle through AM/FM1/FM2/CD modes. Press in allmodes to abort a traffic message during broadcasting.

MOON ROOF (SUNROOF) (IF EQUIPPED)

You can move the glass panel of the moon roof back to open or tilt up toventilate the vehicle.

Before operating the moon roof you should verify that it is freeof obstructions and ensure that children and/or pets are not in

the proximity of moon roof opening.

Do not let children play with the moon roof or leave childrenunattended in the vehicle. They may seriously hurt themselves.

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To open the moon roof:The moon roof is equipped with anautomatic, one-touch, expressopening and closing feature. To stopmotion at any time during theone-touch operation, press thecontrol a second time.• To open the moon roof, press and

release the rear portion of themoon roof control to open.

To close:• To close, press and release the front portion of the control.Bounce back:When an obstacle has been detected in the moon roof opening as themoon roof is closing, the moon roof will automatically open and stop at aprescribed position.Bounce back override:To override bounce back, press and hold the front portion of the control.For example: Bounce back can be used to overcome the resistance of iceon the moon roof or seals.To vent:• To tilt the moon roof into the vent position (when the glass panel is

closed), press and hold the front portion of the control.• To close the moon roof from the vent position, press and hold the rear

portion of the control until the glass panel stops moving.

Before operating the moonroof you should verify that it is free ofobstructions and ensure that children and/or pets are not in the

proximity of moon roof opening.

Do not let children play with the moon roof or leave childrenunattended in the vehicle. They may seriously hurt themselves.

Relearning function: In case the moon roof does not close properlyanymore, follow this relearning procedure.• Tilt the moon roof into the vent position as far as possible. Release the

switch.

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• Press and hold the same switch again for 30 seconds until you see themoon roof move.

• Release the switch and immediately press and hold it again. The moonroof will close, open fully and then close again. Do not release theswitch before the moon roof has reached the closed position for thesecond time.

Safety mode: If the system detects a malfunction, it enters a safetymode. The moon roof will move about 0.5 seconds at a time and thenstop again. Press the switch repeatedly until the moon roof is closed.Have the system checked by your authorized dealer immediately.

REMOTE LUGGAGE COMPARTMENT RELEASE (IF EQUIPPED)To open the luggage compartment,press the control on the instrumentpanel located to the left of thecluster.The control does not function if thevehicle is traveling faster then 4mph (7 km/h).

POSITIVE RETENTION FLOOR MAT

Do not install additional floor mats on top of the factory installedfloor mats as they may interfere with the accelerator or the

brake pedals.

Position the floor mat so that theeyelet is over the pointed end of theretention post and rotate forward tolock in. Make sure that the mat doesnot interfere with the operation ofthe accelerator, brake pedal orclutch pedal (if equipped). Toremove the floor mat, reverse theinstallation procedure.

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LUGGAGE COVERModels with rear hatchDetach the lifting straps on theliftgate. Release the cover at thesides and pull it out horizontallywithout tilting it.Install in reverse order. Make surethe cover is properly aligned wheninserting it.

WagonPull out the roller cover and securethe retaining points. The cover canbe removed completely by pressinginward on both ends of the support.

To reduce the risk of injury,the luggage cover must be

properly attached to the mountingclips.

Do not place any objects on the cargo area cover. They mayobstruct your vision or strike occupants of the vehicle in the

case of a sudden stop or collision.

The cover may cause injury in a sudden stop or accident if it isnot securely installed.

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LIFTGATE (WAGON ONLY)You can open and close the liftgate from outside of the vehicle.• To open the liftgate, unlock the

wagon (with the power door locksor the remote entry transmitter)and push the button next to thelicense plate.

• To close the liftgate, grab the pullhandle (if equipped) and pull theliftgate down. If the tailgatedoesn’t close due to a load, donot use the pull handle to tie theliftgate down.

• To lock the liftgate, use the power door locks, or the remote entrytransmitter to lock the wagon.

Do not leave the liftgate open while driving. Doing so could cause seriousdamage to the liftgate and its components as well as allowing carbonmonoxide to enter the vehicle.

Make sure that the liftgate door is closed to prevent exhaustfumes from being drawn into the vehicle. This will also prevent

passengers and cargo from falling out. If you must drive with theliftgate door open, keep the vents open so outside air comes into thevehicle.

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LUGGAGE RACK (IF EQUIPPED)The maximum recommended load is220 lbs (100 kg) on the luggagerack structure. The load must beplaced directly on the dealerinstalled cross-bars (if equipped)and luggage rack. The vehicle’s roofpanel is not designed to carry aload.When loading the luggage rack, it is recommended to evenly distributethe load, as well as maintain a low center of gravity. Ensure that the loadis securely fastened.Your fuel economy will decrease when you drive with items on theluggage rack. When the rack is loaded, check the tightness of the rearadjusting thumbwheel before driving and at each refueling stop.

Loaded vehicles, with a higher center of gravity, may handledifferently than unloaded vehicles. Extra precautions, such as

slower speeds and increased stopping distance, should be taken whendriving a heavily loaded vehicle.

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KEYSThe key operates all locks on your vehicle. You should always carry asecond key with you in a safe place in case you require it in anemergency.Your keys are coded to your vehicle; using a non-coded key will notpermit your vehicle to start. If you lose your dealer supplied keys,replacement keys are available through your authorized dealer.

POWER DOOR LOCKS (IF EQUIPPED)The power door lock controls arelocated on the driver and frontpassenger door panels.

Pressing the will unlock all thedoors. Pressing the will lock allthe doors.The power door lock controls aredisabled 20 seconds after theignition is turned to the 2 (OFF) position.

Autolock (if equipped)On vehicles equipped with an automatic transmission, the autolockfeature will lock the vehicle’s doors when:• all the doors are closed,• the ignition is in the 3 (ON) or 4 (START) position,• with the brake pedal depressed, you shift into forward or reverse,• you release the brake pedal, and• the vehicle speed is greater than 4 mph (7 km/h).

RelockThe autolock feature repeats when:• any door is opened then closed while the ignition is in the 3 (ON)

position, and• with the brake pedal depressed, you shift into forward or reverse,• you release the brake pedal, and• the vehicle speed is greater than 4 mph (7 km/h).

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To deactivate/reactivate the autolock feature using the power doorunlock controlYou must complete steps 1-7 within 30 seconds or the procedure willhave to be repeated. If the procedure needs to be repeated, you mustwait 30 seconds.1. Turn the ignition to the 3 (ON)position.2. Press the power door unlockcontrol three times.3. Turn the ignition from 3 (ON)position to the 2 (OFF) position.4. Press the power door unlockcontrol three times.

5. Turn the ignition back to 3 (ON) position. The horn will chirp.

6. Press the unlock control, then press the lock control. The horn willchirp once if autolock was deactivated or twice (one short and one longchirp) if autolock was activated.

7. Turn the ignition to the 2 (OFF) position. The horn will chirp once toconfirm the procedure is complete.

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CHILDPROOF DOOR LOCKS• When these locks are set, the

rear doors cannot be opened fromthe inside.

• The rear doors can be openedfrom the outside when the doorsare unlocked.

The childproof locks are located onrear edge of each rear door andmust be set separately for eachdoor. Setting the lock for one doorwill not automatically set the lockfor both doors.• Insert the key and turn to the

lock position (key vertical) toengage the childproof locks.

• Insert the key and turn to theunlock position (key horizontal)to disengage the childproof locks.

INTERIOR LUGGAGE COMPARTMENT RELEASEYour vehicle is equipped with a mechanical interior luggage compartmentrelease handle that provides a means of escape for children and adults inthe event they become locked inside the luggage compartment.

Adults are advised to familiarize themselves with the operation andlocation of the release handle.

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To open the luggage compartmentdoor (lid) from within the luggagecompartment, pull the illuminated“T” shaped handle and push up onthe trunk lid. The handle iscomposed of a material that willglow for hours in darkness followingbrief exposure to ambient light.The “T” shaped handle will belocated either on the luggagecompartment door (lid) or insidethe luggage compartment near thetail lamps.

Keep vehicle doors andluggage compartment

locked and keep keys and remotetransmitters out of a child’s reach.Unsupervised children could lockthemselves in the trunk and riskinjury. Children should be taughtnot to play in vehicles.

On hot days, the temperature in the trunk or vehicle interior canrise very quickly. Exposure of people or animals to these high

temperatures for even a short time can cause death or seriousheat-related injuries, including brain damage. Small children areparticularly at risk.

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REMOTE ENTRY SYSTEM (IF EQUIPPED)This device complies with part 15 of the FCC rules and with RSS-210 ofIndustry Canada. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:(1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) This devicemust accept any interference received, including interference that maycause undesired operation.Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the partyresponsible for compliance could void the user’s authority tooperate the equipment.The typical operating range for your remote entry transmitter isapproximately 33 feet (10 meters). A decrease in operating range couldbe caused by:• weather conditions,• nearby radio towers,• structures around the vehicle, or• other vehicles parked next to your vehicle.Your vehicle may have an all-door remote entry system.

The all-door remote entry systemallows you to:• lock or unlock all vehicle doors

without a key.• arm and disarm the anti-theft

system. For more information onthe anti-theft system, refer toPerimeter alarm system (ifequipped) in this chapter.

• open the luggage compartmentwithout a key.

• activate the panic alarm.The remote entry features only operate with the ignition in the 1(LOCK) or 2 (OFF) position.If there are problems with the remote entry system, make sure to takeALL remote entry transmitters with you to the authorized dealer inorder to aid in troubleshooting the problem.

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Unlocking the doors1. Press and release to unlock the driver’s door. Note: The interiorlamps will illuminate.2. With the all-door remote entry, press and release again withinthree seconds to unlock all the doors.The remote entry system activates the illuminated entry feature. Thisfeature turns on the interior lamps for 25 seconds or until the ignition isturned to the 3 (ON) position. The dome lamp control must be set to theON position in order for the illuminated entry feature to operate.

Passive locking (if equipped)If the vehicle is unlocked using the on the remote entry transmitter,the vehicle will automatically be locked again (and also arm theanti-theft feature, if equipped) provided:• no vehicle door was opened, or• the liftgate (if equipped) was not opened, or• the ignition remained in the 2 (OFF) position for 45 seconds.

Programming unlocking mode (if equipped)The unlocking mode (if equipped) on the remote entry transmitter canbe programmed. To change the unlocking mode from the single-doorunlocking mode to the central all-door unlocking mode:

• With the vehicle in the 2 (OFF) position, press the and on theremote entry transmitter simultaneously and hold for 4 seconds. Thepark/turn lamps will flash twice to indicate the mode change.

• Press the and on the remote entry transmitter simultaneouslyand hold for 4 seconds to toggle between unlocking modes.

Locking the doors

• Press and release to lock all doors. Note: The park/turn lamps willflash once. If any door (or the hood in vehicles equipped withperimeter alarm) is ajar, the lamps will not flash. Once the door thatwas ajar is closed, the lamps will flash to indicate that the vehicle islocked and all doors are closed.

• Press and release a second time to confirm all doors have locked.Note: The horn will honk once if all doors and liftgate (if equipped)are closed , and honk twice if any door or liftgate is ajar.

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This process will also arm the vehicle’s anti-theft system (if equipped).For more information on arming the anti-theft system, refer toPerimeter alarm system (if equipped) in this chapter.

Sounding a panic alarm

Press to activate the alarm. Press the control again, or turn theignition to the 3 (ON) position to deactivate.

Note: The panic alarm will only operate when the ignition is in the 1(LOCK) or 2 (OFF) position.

Opening the luggage compartment

Press once to open the luggage compartment. Note: This featurewill only operate with the ignition in the 1 (LOCK) or the 2 (OFF)position.

• Ensure that the trunk is closed and latched before driving yourvehicle. Failure to properly latch the trunk may cause objects to fallout or block the driver’s rear view.

Replacing the batteryThe remote entry transmitter uses one coin type three-volt lithiumbattery CR2032 or equivalent.To replace the battery:1. Twist a thin coin between the twohalves of the remote entrytransmitter near the key ring. DONOT TAKE THE RUBBER COVERAND CIRCUIT BOARD OFF THEFRONT HOUSING OF THEREMOTE ENTRY TRANSMITTER.

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2. Do not wipe off any grease on thebattery terminals on the backsurface of the circuit board.

3. Remove the old battery. Note: Please refer to local regulations whendisposing of transmitter batteries.4. Insert the new battery. Refer to the diagram inside the remote entrytransmitter for the correct orientation of the battery. Press the batterydown to ensure that the battery is fully seated in the battery housing cavity.5. Snap the two halves back together.Note: Replacement of the battery will not cause the remote transmitterto become deprogrammed from your vehicle. The remote transmittershould operate normally after battery replacement.

Replacing lost remote entry transmittersIf you would like to have your remote entry transmitter reprogrammedbecause you lost one, or would like to buy additional remote entrytransmitters, you can either reprogram them yourself, or take allremote entry transmitters to your authorized dealer forreprogramming.

How to reprogram your remote entry transmittersYou must have all remote entry transmitters (maximum of four)available before beginning this procedure.Note: Ensure the brake pedal is notdepressed during this sequence.To reprogram the remote entrytransmitters:

1. Close all doors and fasten the driver’s seat belt to ensure conflictingchimes do not sound during the procedure.

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2. Put the key in the ignition.3. Turn the key from the 2 (OFF) position to the 3 (ON) position.4. Cycle four times rapidly (within six seconds) between the 2 (OFF)and the 3 (ON) position. Note: The fourth turn must end in the 2 (OFF)position.5. Within 20 seconds press any button on the remote entry transmitter.Note: If more than 20 seconds have passed you will need to start theprocedure over again.6. Repeat Step 5 to program each additional remote entry transmitter.7. Turn the ignition to the 3 (ON) position after you have finishedprogramming all remote entry transmitters to exit programming mode.

SECURILOCK$ PASSIVE ANTI-THEFT SYSTEMSecuriLock# passive anti-theft system is an engine immobilizationsystem. This system is designed to help prevent the engine from beingstarted unless a coded key programmed to your vehicle is used. Theuse of the wrong type of coded key may lead to a “no-start” condition.Your vehicle comes with two coded keys; additional coded keys may bepurchased from your authorized dealer. The authorized dealer canprogram your spare keys to your vehicle or you can program the keysyourself. Refer to Programming spare keys for instructions on how toprogram the coded key.Note: The SecuriLock# passive anti-theft system is not compatible withnon-Ford aftermarket remote start systems. Use of these systems mayresult in vehicle starting problems and a loss of security protection.Note: Large metallic objects, electronic devices that are used topurchase gasoline or similar items, or a second coded key on the samekey chain may cause vehicle starting issues. You need to prevent theseobjects from touching the coded key while starting the engine. Theseobjects will not cause damage to the coded key, but may cause amomentary issue if they are too close to the key when starting theengine. If a problem occurs, turn the ignition off, remove all objects onthe key chain away from the coded key and restart the engine.

Anti-theft indicatorThe anti-theft indicator is located in the instrument cluster.• When the ignition is in the 2 (OFF) position, the indicator will flash

once every 2 seconds to indicate the SecuriLock# system isfunctioning as a theft deterrent. Note: On vehicles equipped with amanual transmission, the indicator will flash when the ignition is in the1 (LOCK) position.

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• When the ignition is in the 3 (ON) position, the indicator will glow for3 seconds, then turn off, to indicate normal system functionality.

If a problem occurs with the SecuriLock# system, the indicator will flashrapidly or glow steadily when the ignition is in the 3 (ON) position. Ifthis occurs, the vehicle should be taken to an authorized dealer forservice.

Replacement keysIf your keys are lost or stolen and you don’t have an extra coded key,you will need to have your vehicle towed to an authorized dealer. Thekey codes need to be erased from your vehicle and new coded keys willneed to be programmed.Replacing coded keys can be very costly. Store an extra programmed keyaway from the vehicle in a safe place to help prevent anyinconveniences. Please visit an authorized dealer to purchase additionalspare or replacement keys.

Programming spare keysYou can program your own coded keys to your vehicle. Please read andunderstand the entire procedure before you begin.Tips:• A maximum of eight keys can be coded to your vehicle.• Only use SecuriLock# keys.• You must have two previously programmed coded keys (keys that

already operate your vehicle’s engine) and the new unprogrammedkey(s) readily accessible.

• If two previously programmed coded keys are not available, you musttake your vehicle to your authorized dealer to have the spare key(s)programmed.

1. Insert a previously programmedcoded key into the ignition.

2. Turn the ignition from the 2 (OFF) position to the 3 (ON) position.Keep the ignition in the 3 (ON) position for at least one second, but nomore than 10 seconds.

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3. Turn the ignition to the 2 (OFF) position.4. Remove the previously programmed coded key from the ignition.5. Within ten seconds of removing the previously programmed coded key,insert the other previously programmed coded key into the ignition.6. Turn the ignition from the 2 (OFF) position to the 3 (ON) position.Keep the ignition in the 3 (ON) position for at least one second but notmore than 10 seconds.7. Turn the ignition to the 2 (OFF) position.8. Remove the previously programmed coded key from the ignition.9. Within twenty seconds of removing the previously programmed codedkey, insert the unprogrammed key (new/valet key) into the ignition.10. Turn the ignition from the 2 (OFF) position to the 3 (ON) position.Keep the ignition in the 3 (ON) position for at least one second, but nomore than 10 seconds.11. Your new, unprogrammed key is now programmed.If the key has been successfully programmed it will start the vehicle’sengine and the theft indicator light will illuminate for three seconds andthen go out.If the key was not successfully programmed, it will not start yourvehicle’s engine and the theft indicator light will flash on and off, or stayon for more than three seconds. If failure repeats, bring your vehicle toyour authorized dealer to have the new key(s) programmed.To program additional new unprogrammed key(s), repeat this procedurefrom Step 1 for each additional key.

PERIMETER ALARM SYSTEM (IF EQUIPPED)The perimeter anti-theft system will warn you in the event of anunauthorized entry to your vehicle.If there is any potential perimeter anti-theft problem with your vehicle,ensure ALL remote entry transmitters are taken to the authorizeddealer to aid in troubleshooting.

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Arming the systemWhen armed, this system will respond if unauthorized entry isattempted. When unauthorized entry occurs, the system will flash thepark/turn lamps and will sound the horn.The system is ready to arm whenever the key is removed from theignition. Either of the following actions will prearm the alarm system:

• Press the control on the remote entry transmitter.

• Open a door and press the power door lock control to lock all thedoors, and then close the door.

Disarming the systemYou can disarm the system by any of the following actions:

• Unlock the doors by pressing the control on your remote entrytransmitter.

• Unlock the doors with a key. Turn the key full travel (toward the frontof the vehicle) to ensure the alarm disarms.

Triggering the anti-theft systemThe armed system will be triggered if any door, liftgate/trunk or the hoodis opened without using the key or the remote entry transmitter.

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SEATINGNotes:

Reclining the seatback can cause an occupant to slide under theseat’s safety belt, resulting in severe personal injuries in the

event of a collision.

Do not pile cargo higher than the seatbacks to reduce the risk ofinjury in a collision or sudden stop.

Before returning the seatback to its original position, make surethat cargo or any objects are not trapped behind the seatback.

After returning the seatback to its original position, pull on theseatback to ensure that it has fully latched. An unlatched seat maybecome dangerous in the event of a sudden stop or collision.

Adjustable head restraints (if equipped)Your vehicle’s seats may be equipped with head restraints which arevertically adjustable. The purpose of these head restraints is to help limithead motion in the event of a rear collision. To properly adjust your headrestraints, lift the head restraint so that it is located directly behind yourhead or as close to that position as possible. Refer to the following toraise and lower the head restraints.Push or pull the head restraint toraise it to the desired height. Tolower, push the button in the collararound the stem.

The rear head restraints can be removed altogether if the left-handlocking button is pressed.

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Adjusting the front manual seat

Sitting improperly out of position or with the seat back reclinedtoo far can take off weight from the seat cushion and affect the

decision of the passenger sensing system, resulting in serious injury ordeath in a crash. Always sit upright against your seatback, with yourfeet on the floor.

To reduce the risk of possible serious injury: Do not hang objectsoff seat back or stow objects in map pocket (if equipped) when

a child is in the front passenger seat. Do not place objects underneaththe front passenger seat or between the seat and the center console (ifequipped). Check the “passenger airbag off” or “pass airbag off”indicator lamp for proper airbag status. Refer to Front passengersensing system chapter for additional details. Failure to follow theseinstructions may interfere with the front passenger seat sensingsystem.

Pull the lever located under thefront edge of the seat to move theseat forward or backward.

Turn the handle to adjust the heightof the seat.Note: The seat height adjustmentmay create a gap between thecushion and the seatback.

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Lift the control to adjust the angleof the seatback.

Reclining the seatback can cause an occupant to slide under theseat’s safety belt, resulting in severe personal injuries in the

event of a collision.

Heated seats (if equipped)The heated seats switch is located on the center console.

To operate the heated seats:• Push control to activate.• Push again to deactivate.

The heating will operate when the ignition switch is in position 2.

The indicator light on the switch is illuminated when activated. Althoughthe indicator light is illuminated, the heat is regulated by a thermostatwhich causes the heat to activate within a certain range.

The maximum temperature is reached after five or six minutes.

Heating with the engine off will drain the battery.

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Tip/slide front seat (3–door)Lift the control and fold theseatback forward.The seat can be slid forward toallow easier entry to the rear seats.Slide the seat back and fold backthe seatback until it locks with adistinct click. The seatback willreturn to its original position. Rockthe seat to ensure that the catch issecurely engaged.

On three door models, front safetybelts should be pulled backwards toallow easier entry to or exit fromthe rear seats.

Do not place objects behind the seat which could prevent theengagement of the seat lock.

REAR SEATS

Folding rear seat cushion forwardLift the seat cushion and pull itforward.

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Before returning the seatback to its original position, make surethat cargo or any objects are not trapped behind the seatback.

After returning the seatback to its original position, pull on theseatback to ensure that it has fully latched. An unlatched seat maybecome dangerous in the event of a sudden stop or collision.

Folding the rear seat back forward3–door/5–door and wagonRemove the head restraints (ifequipped) of the rear seats andstow them on the floor behind thefront seats.Push the unlocking control on therear seatback and fold the rearseatback forward.

SedanRemove the head restraints (ifequipped) of the rear seats andstow them on the floor behind thefront seats.Pull one or both of the unlockingcontrols in the luggage compartmentand fold the rear seatback forward.

Returning the seatback to the upright positionFold back the seatback until it locks with a distinct “click.” Do not placeany objects behind the seat which could prevent the seat from locking.

When returning the seats back to their original positions, makesure they are fully locked and that the safety restraints are

positioned in front of the seatback. Reinstall head restraints (ifequipped).

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Before returning the seatback to its original position, make surethat cargo or any objects are not trapped behind the seatback.

After returning the seatback to its original position, pull on theseatback to ensure that it has fully latched. An unlatched seat maybecome dangerous in the event of a sudden stop or collision.

Note that the center rear safety belt cannot be pulled out until theseatback has latched completely.

Folding the seat cushion and seatback forwardFold the seat cushion forward.Remove the head restraint(s) (ifequipped) of the rear seat, and foldthe seatback forward.Stow the head restraint(s) in theplastic retainers provided in the nowupright underside of the seatcushion, as shown on the decal.When returning the seats to theiroriginal positions, make sure thesafety belts will function properlyand are positioned in front of theseatback and that the headrestraints are properly reinstalled.

SAFETY RESTRAINTS

Personal Safety System$

The Personal Safety System# provides an improved overall level offrontal crash protection to front seat occupants and is designed to helpfurther reduce the risk of airbag-related injuries. The system is able toanalyze different occupant conditions and crash severity before activatingthe appropriate safety devices to help better protect a range ofoccupants in a variety of frontal crash situations.

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Your vehicle’s Personal Safety System# consists of:• Driver and passenger dual-stage airbag supplemental restraints.• Front safety belts with pretensioners, energy management retractors,

and safety belt usage sensors.• Driver’s seat position sensor.• Front crash severity sensor.• Front passenger sensing system• “Passenger airbag off” or “pass airbag off” indicator lamp• Restraints Control Module (RCM) with impact and safing sensors.• Restraint system warning light and back-up tone.• The electrical wiring for the airbags, crash sensor(s), safety belt

pretensioners, front safety belt usage sensors, driver seat positionsensor, and indicator lights.

How does the Personal Safety System$ work?The Personal Safety System# can adapt the deployment strategy of yourvehicle’s safety devices according to crash severity and conditions. Acollection of crash sensors provides information to the Restraints ControlModule (RCM). During a crash, the RCM activates the safety beltpretensioners and/or either none, one, or both stages of the dual-stageairbag supplemental restraints based on crash severity and conditions.The fact that the pretensioners or airbags did not activate for both frontseat occupants in a collision does not mean that something is wrong withthe system. Rather, it means the Personal Safety System" determinedthe accident conditions (crash severity, belt usage, etc.) were notappropriate to activate these safety devices. Front airbags are designedto activate only in frontal and near-frontal collisions, not rollovers,side-impacts, or rear-impacts unless the collision causes sufficientlongitudinal deceleration.

Driver and passenger dual-stage airbag supplemental restraintsThe dual-stage airbags offer the capability to tailor the level of airbaginflation energy. A lower, less forceful energy level is provided for morecommon, moderate-severity impacts. A higher energy level is used forthe most severe impacts. Refer to Airbag Supplemental Restraintssection in this chapter.

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Front crash severity sensorThe front crash severity sensor enhances the ability to detect theseverity of an impact. Positioned up front, it provides valuableinformation early in the crash event on the severity of the impact. Thisallows your Personal Safety System# to distinguish between differentlevels of crash severity and modify the deployment strategy of thedual-stage airbags and safety belt pretensioners.

Driver’s seat position sensorThe driver’s seat position sensor allows your Personal Safety System# totailor the deployment level of the driver dual-stage airbag based on seatposition. The system is designed to help protect smaller drivers sittingclose to the driver airbag by providing a lower airbag output level.

Front passenger sensing systemFor airbags to do their job they must inflate with great force, and this forcecan pose a potentially deadly risk to occupants that are very close to theairbag when it begins to inflate. For some occupants, like infants inrear-facing child seats, this occurs because they are initially sitting veryclose to the airbag. For other occupants, this occurs when the occupant isnot properly restrained by safety belts or child safety seats and they moveforward during pre-crash braking. The most effective way to reduce therisk of unnecessary injuries is to make sure all occupants are properlyrestrained. Accident statistics suggest that children are much safer whenproperly restrained in the rear seating positions than in the front.

Air bags can kill or injure a child in a child seat. NEVER place arear-facing child seat in front of an active air bag. If you must use a

forward-facing child seat in the front seat, move the seat all the way back.

Always transport children 12 years old and under in the backseat and always properly use appropriate child restraints.

The front passenger sensing system can automatically turn off thepassenger front airbag. The system is designed to help protect small(child size) occupants from airbag deployments when they areimproperly seated or restrained in the front passenger seat contrary toproper child-seating or restraint usage recommendations. Even with thistechnology, parents are STRONGLY encouraged to always properlyrestrain children in the rear seat. The sensor also turns off the airbagwhen the passenger seat is empty to prevent unnecessary replacement ofthe airbag(s) after a collision.

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When the front passenger seat is occupied and the sensing system hasturned off the passenger’s frontal airbag, the “pass airbag off” indicatorwill light and stay lit to remind you that the front passenger frontalairbag is off. See Front passenger sensing system in the airbags sectionof this chapter.

Front safety belt usage sensorsThe front safety belt usage sensors detect whether or not the driver andfront outboard passenger safety belts are fastened. This informationallows your Personal Safety System# to tailor the airbag deployment andsafety belt pretensioner activation depending upon safety belt usage.Refer to Safety Belt section in this chapter.

Front outboard safety belt pretensionersThe safety belt pretensioners at the front outboard seating positions aredesigned to tighten the safety belts firmly against the occupant’s bodyduring frontal collisions, and in side collisions and rollovers when thevehicle is equipped with the Safety Canopy# system. This helps increasethe effectiveness of the safety belts. In frontal collisions, the safety beltpretensioners can be activated alone or, if the collision is of sufficientseverity, together with the front airbags.

Front outboard safety belt energy management retractorsThe front safety belt energy management retractors allow webbing to bepulled out of the retractor in a gradual and controlled manner inresponse to the occupant’s forward momentum. This helps reduce therisk of force-related injuries to the occupant’s chest by limiting the loadon the occupant. Refer to Safety Belt section in this chapter.

Determining if the Personal Safety System$ is operationalThe Personal Safety System# uses a warning light in the instrumentcluster or a back-up tone to indicate the condition of the system. Referto the Warning Light section in the Instrument Cluster chapter.Routine maintenance of the Personal Safety System# is not required.The Restraints Control Module (RCM) monitors its own internal circuitsand the circuits for the airbag supplemental restraints, crash sensor(s),safety belt pretensioners, front safety belt buckle sensors, front passengersensing system, and the driver seat position sensor. In addition, the RCMalso monitors the restraints warning light in the instrument cluster. Adifficulty with the system is indicated by one or more of the following.• The warning light will either flash or stay lit.

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• The warning light will not illuminate immediately after ignition isturned on.

• A series of five beeps will be heard. The tone pattern will repeatperiodically until the problem and warning light are repaired.

If any of these things happen, even intermittently, have the PersonalSafety System# serviced at an authorized dealer immediately. Unlessserviced, the system may not function properly in the event of acollision.

Safety belt precautions

Always drive and ride with your seatback upright and the lapbelt snug and low across the hips.

To reduce the risk of injury, make sure children sit where theycan be properly restrained.

Never let a passenger hold a child on his or her lap while thevehicle is moving. The passenger cannot protect the child from

injury in a collision.

All occupants of the vehicle, including the driver, should alwaysproperly wear their safety belts, even when an air bag

supplemental restraint system (SRS) is provided.

It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo area, inside oroutside of a vehicle. In a collision, people riding in these areas

are more likely to be seriously injured or killed. Do not allow people toride in any area of your vehicle that is not equipped with seats andsafety belts. Be sure everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and using asafety belt properly.

In a rollover crash, an unbelted person is significantly more likelyto die than a person wearing a seat belt.

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Each seating position in your vehicle has a specific safety beltassembly which is made up of one buckle and one tongue that

are designed to be used as a pair. 1) Use the shoulder belt on theoutside shoulder only. Never wear the shoulder belt under the arm. 2)Never swing the safety belt around your neck over the inside shoulder.3) Never use a single belt for more than one person.

Always transport children 12 years old and under in the backseat and always properly use appropriate child restraints.

Combination lap and shoulder belts1. Insert the belt tongue into theproper buckle (the buckle closest tothe direction the tongue is comingfrom) until you hear a snap and feelit latch. Make sure the tongue issecurely fastened in the buckle.

2. To unfasten, push the releasebutton and remove the tongue fromthe buckle.

Energy management feature• This vehicle has a safety belt system with an energy management

feature at the front outboard seating positions to help further reducethe risk of injury in the event of a head-on collision.

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• This safety belt system has a retractor assembly that is designed topay out webbing in a controlled manner. This feature is designed tohelp reduce the belt force acting on the occupant’s chest.

The front outboard and rear safety restraints in the vehicle arecombination lap and shoulder belts. The front passenger and rear seatsafety belts have two types of locking modes.

Vehicle sensitive modeThe vehicle sensitive mode is the normal retractor mode, allowing freeshoulder belt length adjustment to your movements and locking inresponse to vehicle movement. For example, if the driver brakessuddenly or turns a corner sharply, or the vehicle receives an impact ofapproximately 5 mph (8 km/h) or more, the combination safety belts willlock to help reduce forward movement of the driver and passengers.

Automatic locking mode

When to use the automatic locking modeIn this mode, the shoulder belt is automatically pre-locked. The belt willstill retract to remove any slack in the shoulder belt. The automaticlocking mode is not available on the driver safety belt.

This mode should be used any time a child safety seat (except abooster) is installed in a passenger front or outboard rear seatingposition (if equipped). Children 12 years old and under should beproperly restrained in the rear seat whenever possible. Refer to Safetyrestraints for children or Safety seats for children later in this chapter.

How to use the automatic locking mode• Buckle the combination lap and

shoulder belt.

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• Grasp the shoulder portion andpull downward until the entirebelt is pulled out.

• Allow the belt to retract. As the belt retracts, you will hear a clickingsound. This indicates the safety belt is now in the automatic lockingmode.

How to disengage the automatic locking mode

Ford Motor Company recommends that all passenger safety beltassemblies and attaching hardware should be inspected by an

authorized dealer after any collision to verify that the !automaticlocking retractor! feature for child seats is still working properly. Safetybelt assemblies should be inspected by an authorized dealer and mustbe replaced if either damage or improper operation is noted. Failure toreplace the belt and retractor assembly could increase the risk ofinjury in a collision.

Unbuckle the combination lap/shoulder belt and allow it to retractcompletely to disengage the automatic locking mode and activate thevehicle sensitive (emergency) locking mode.

Front safety belt height adjustmentAdjust the height of the shoulderbelt so the belt rests across themiddle of your shoulder.To adjust the shoulder belt height,push the button and slide the heightadjuster up or down. Release thebutton and pull down on the heightadjuster to make sure it is locked inplace.

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Three door models are equippedwith a safety belt parking feature forthe driver and front passenger. Thepurpose of the parking feature is toallow the driver or passenger toreach the safety belt. Fasten yoursafety belt as normal, and the beltwill slide to the front of the steelbar along the bottom of the door.Pull the safety belt backwards topark for easier access or exit fromthe rear seats.

Position the safety belt height adjusters so that the belt restsacross the middle of your shoulder. Failure to adjust the safety

belt properly could reduce the effectiveness of the seat belt andincrease the risk of injury in a collision.

Safety belt pretensionerYour vehicle is equipped with safety belt pretensioners at the driver andfront outboard passenger seating positions.The safety belt pretensioner tightens the safety belts firmly against theoccupant’s body at the start of the crash.

The driver and front passenger safety belt system (includingretractors, buckles and height adjusters) must be replaced if the

vehicle is involved in a collision that results in deployment of frontairbags and safety belt pretensioners.

Safety belt extension assemblyIf the safety belt is too short when fully extended, there is a 8 inch(20 cm) safety belt extension assembly that can be added (part number611C22). This assembly can be obtained from an authorized dealer.Use only extensions manufactured by the same supplier as the safetybelt. Manufacturer identification is located at the end of the webbing onthe label. Also, use the safety belt extension only if the safety belt is tooshort for you when fully extended.

Do not use extensions to change the fit of the shoulder beltacross the torso.

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Safety belt maintenanceInspect the safety belt systems periodically to make sure they workproperly and are not damaged. Inspect the safety belts to make surethere are no nicks, tears or cuts. Replace if necessary. All safety beltassemblies, including retractors, buckles, front safety belt buckleassemblies, buckle support assemblies (slide bar-if equipped), shoulderbelt height adjusters (if equipped), shoulder belt guide on seatback (ifequipped), child safety seat LATCH and tether anchors, and attachinghardware, should be inspected after a collision. Ford Motor Companyrecommends that all safety belt assemblies in use in vehicles involved ina collision be replaced. However, if the collision was minor and anauthorized dealer finds that the belts do not show damage and continueto operate properly, they do not need to be replaced. Safety beltassemblies not in use during a collision should also be inspected andreplaced if either damage or improper operation is noted.

Failure to inspect and if necessary replace the safety beltassembly under the above conditions could result in severe

personal injuries in the event of a collision.

For proper care of soiled safety belts, refer to Interior in the Cleaningchapter.

Safety belt warning light and indicator chimeThe safety belt warning light illuminates in the instrument cluster and achime sounds to remind the occupants to fasten their safety belts.

Conditions of operation

If... Then...The driver’s safety belt is notbuckled before the ignition switchis turned to the ON position...

The safety belt warning lightilluminates 1-2 minutes and thewarning chime sounds 4-8 seconds.

The driver’s safety belt is buckledwhile the indicator light isilluminated and the warningchime is sounding...

The safety belt warning light andwarning chime turn off.

The driver’s safety belt is buckledbefore the ignition switch isturned to the ON position...

The safety belt warning light andindicator chime remain off.

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Belt-Minder%The Belt-Minder" feature is a supplemental warning to the safety beltwarning function. This feature provides additional reminders byintermittently sounding a chime and illuminating the safety belt warninglight in the instrument cluster when the driver’s and front passenger’ssafety belt is unbuckled.

The Belt-Minder" feature uses information from the front passengersensing system to determine if a front seat passenger is present andtherefore potentially in need of a warning. To avoid activating theBelt-Minder" feature for objects placed in the front passenger seat,warnings will only be given to large front seat occupants as determinedby the front passenger sensing system.

Both the driver’s and passenger’s safety belt usages are monitored andeither may activate the Belt-Minder" feature. The warnings are the samefor the driver and the front passenger. If the Belt-Minder" warnings haveexpired (warnings for approximately 5 minutes) for one occupant (driveror front passenger), the other occupant can still activate theBelt-Minder" feature.

If... Then...The driver’s and frontpassenger’s safety belts arebuckled before the ignitionswitch is turned to the ONposition or less than 1-2minutes have elapsed since theignition switch has been turnedON...

The Belt-Minder" feature will notactivate.

The driver’s or frontpassenger’s safety belt is notbuckled when the vehicle hasreached at least 3 mph (5km/h) and 1-2 minutes haveelapsed since the ignitionswitch has been turned toON...

The Belt-Minder" feature is activated- the safety belt warning lightilluminates and the warning chimesounds for 6 seconds every 30seconds, repeating for approximately5 minutes or until the safety belts arebuckled.

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If... Then...The driver’s or frontpassenger’s safety belt becomesunbuckled for approximately 1minute while the vehicle istraveling at least 3 mph (5km/h) and more than 1-2minutes have elapsed since theignition switch has been turnedto ON...

The Belt-Minder" feature is activated- the safety belt warning lightilluminates and the warning chimesounds for 6 seconds every 30seconds, repeating for approximately5 minutes or until the safety belts arebuckled.

The following are reasons most often given for not wearing safety belts(All statistics based on U.S. data):

Reasons given... Consider...“Crashes are rare events” 36700 crashes occur every day. The

more we drive, the more we areexposed to “rare” events, even forgood drivers. 1 in 4 of us will beseriously injured in a crash duringour lifetime.

“I’m not going far” 3 of 4 fatal crashes occur within25 miles (40 km) of home.

“Belts are uncomfortable” We design our safety belts to enhancecomfort. If you are uncomfortable -try different positions for the safetybelt upper anchorage and seatbackwhich should be as upright aspossible; this can improve comfort.

“I was in a hurry” Prime time for an accident.Belt-Minder" reminds us to take a fewseconds to buckle up.

“Safety belts don’t work” Safety belts, when used properly,reduce risk of death to front seatoccupants by 45% in cars, and by60% in light trucks.

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Reasons given... Consider...“Traffic is light” Nearly 1 of 2 deaths occur in

single-vehicle crashes, many whenno other vehicles are around.

“Belts wrinkle my clothes” Possibly, but a serious crash can domuch more than wrinkle your clothes,particularly if you are unbelted.

“The people I’m with don’twear belts”

Set the example, teen deaths occur 4times more often in vehicles withTWO or MORE people. Children andyounger brothers/sisters imitatebehavior they see.

“I have an airbag” Airbags offer greater protection whenused with safety belts. Frontal airbagsare not designed to inflate in rear andside crashes or rollovers.

“I’d rather be thrown clear” Not a good idea. People who areejected are 40 times more likelyto DIE. Safety belts help preventejection, WE CAN’T “PICK OURCRASH”.

Do not sit on top of a buckled safety belt or insert a latchplateinto the buckle to avoid the Belt-Minder" chime. To do so may

adversely affect the performance of the vehicle’s air bag system.

One time disableIf at any time the driver/front passenger quickly buckles then unbucklesthe safety belt for that seating position, the Belt-Minder" is disabled forthe current ignition cycle. The Belt-Minder" feature will enable duringthe same ignition cycle if the occupant buckles and remains buckled forapproximately 30 seconds. Confirmation is not given for the one timedisable.

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Deactivating/activating the Belt-Minder% featureThe driver and front passenger Belt-Minder" aredeactivated/activated independently. When deactivating/activatingone seating position, do not buckle the other position as this willterminate the process.Read Steps 1 - 4 thoroughly before proceeding with thedeactivation/activation programming procedure.Note: The driver and front passenger Belt-Minder" features must bedisabled/enabled separately. Both cannot be disable/enabled during thesame key cycle.The driver and front passenger Belt-Minder" features can bedeactivated/activated by performing the following procedure:Before following the procedure, make sure that:• The parking brake is set• The gearshift is in P (Park) (automatic transmission)• The ignition switch is in the OFF position• The driver and front passenger safety belts are unbuckled

While the design allows you to deactivate your Belt-Minder", thissystem is designed to improve your chances of being safely

belted and surviving an accident. We recommend you leave theBelt-Minder" system activated for yourself and others who may use thevehicle. To reduce the risk of injury, do not deactivate/activate theBelt-Minder" feature while driving the vehicle.

1. Turn the ignition switch to the RUN (or ON) position. (DO NOTSTART THE ENGINE)2. Wait until the safety belt warning light turns off. (Approximately 1minute)• Step 3 must be completed within 50 seconds after the safety belt

warning light turns off.3. For the seating position being disabled, at a moderate speed, bucklethen unbuckle the safety belt 9 times, ending in the unbuckled state.(Step 3 must be completed within 50 seconds after the safety beltwarning light turns off.)• After Step 3, the safety belt warning light will be turned on for three

seconds.

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4. Within 10 seconds of the light turning on, at a moderate speed, bucklethen unbuckle the safety belt.

• This will disable the Belt-Minder" feature for that seating position if itis currently enabled. As confirmation, the safety belt warning light willflash 1 time per second for 3 seconds.

• This will enable the Belt-Minder" feature for that seating position if itis currently disabled. As confirmation, the safety belt warning light willflash 4 times per second for 3 seconds, followed by 3 seconds with thelight off, then followed by the safety belt warning light flashing 1timeper second for 3 seconds again.

AIRBAG SUPPLEMENTAL RESTRAINT SYSTEM (SRS)

The supplemental restraint system is designed to work with the safetybelt to help protect the driver and right front passenger from certainupper body injuries.

Airbags DO NOT inflate slowly or gently, and the risk of injuryfrom a deploying airbag is the greatest close to the trim covering

the airbag module.

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Important SRS precautionsThe SRS is designed to work withthe safety belt to help protect thedriver and right front passengerfrom certain upper body injuries.Airbags DO NOT inflate slowly;there is a risk of injury from adeploying airbag.

All occupants of the vehicle, including the driver, should alwaysproperly wear their safety belts, even when an air bag

supplemental restraint system (SRS) is provided.

Always transport children 12 years old and under in the backseat and always properly use appropriate child restraints.

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)recommends a minimum distance of at least 10 inches (25 cm)

between an occupant’s chest and the driver airbag module.

Never place your arm over the airbag module as a deployingairbag can result in serious arm fractures or other injuries.

To properly position yourself away from the airbag:• Move your seat to the rear as far as you can while still reaching the

pedals comfortably.• Recline the seat slightly one or two degrees from the upright position.

Do not put anything on or over the airbag module. Placingobjects on or over the airbag inflation area may cause those

objects to be propelled by the airbag into your face and torso causingserious injury.

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Do not attempt to service, repair, or modify the airbagsupplemental restraint systems or its fuses. See your authorized

dealer.

Children and airbagsChildren must always be properlyrestrained. Accident statisticssuggest that children are safer whenproperly restrained in the rearseating positions than in the frontseating position. Failure to followthese instructions may increase therisk of injury in a collision.

Airbags can kill or injure achild in a child seat.

NEVER place a rear-facing childseat in front of an active airbag. Ifyou must use a forward-facingchild seat in the front seat, movethe seat all the way back.

How does the airbag supplemental restraint system work?The airbag SRS is designed toactivate when the vehicle sustainslongitudinal deceleration sufficientto cause the sensors to close anelectrical circuit that initiates airbaginflation. The fact that the airbagsdid not inflate in a collision does notmean that something is wrong withthe system. Rather, it means theforces were not of the typesufficient to cause activation. Frontairbags are designed to inflate infrontal and near-frontal collisions, not rollover, side-impact, orrear-impacts unless the collision causes sufficient longitudinaldeceleration.

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The airbags inflate and deflaterapidly upon activation. After airbagdeployment, it is normal to notice asmoke-like, powdery residue orsmell the burnt propellant. This mayconsist of cornstarch, talcumpowder (to lubricate the bag) orsodium compounds (e.g., bakingsoda) that result from thecombustion process that inflates theairbag. Small amounts of sodiumhydroxide may be present whichmay irritate the skin and eyes, butnone of the residue is toxic.While the system is designed to helpreduce serious injuries, contact witha deploying airbag may also cause abrasions, swelling or temporaryhearing loss. Because airbags must inflate rapidly and with considerableforce, there is the risk of death or serious injuries such as fractures,facial and eye injuries or internal injuries, particularly to occupants whoare not properly restrained or are otherwise out of position at the timeof airbag deployment. Thus, it is extremely important that occupants beproperly restrained as far away from the airbag module as possible whilemaintaining vehicle control.

Several air bag system components get hot after inflation. Do nottouch them after inflation.

If the air bag has deployed, the air bag will not functionagain and must be replaced immediately. If the air bag is not

replaced, the unrepaired area will increase the risk of injury in acollision.

The SRS consists of:• driver and passenger airbag modules (which include the inflators and

airbags).• side airbags (if equipped). Refer to Side airbag system later in this

chapter.• safety belt pretensioners• one or more impact and safing sensors.

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• Front passenger sensing system. Refer to Front passenger sensingsystem. later in this chapter.

• “Passenger airbag off” or “pass airbag off” indicator lamp. Refer toFront passenger sensing system. later in this chapter.

• a readiness light and tone.• diagnostic module.• and the electrical wiring which connects the components.The diagnostic module monitors its own internal circuits and thesupplemental airbag electrical system wiring (including the impactsensors), the system wiring, the airbag system readiness light, the airbagback up power and the airbag ignitors.

Front passenger sensing systemThe front passenger sensing system is designed to meet the regulatoryrequirements of Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) 208and is designed to disable (will not inflate) the front passenger’s frontalairbag under certain conditions.The front passenger sensing system works with sensors that are part ofthe front passenger’s seat and safety belt. The sensors are designed todetect the presence of a properly seated occupant and determine if thefront passenger’s frontal airbag should be enabled (may inflate) ordisabled (will not inflate).The front passenger sensing system will disable (will not inflate) thefront passenger’s frontal airbag if:• the front passenger seat is unoccupied, or has small/medium objects in

the front seat,• the system determines that an infant is present in a rear-facing infant

seat that is installed according to the manufacturer’s instructions,• the system determines that a small child is present in a forward-facing

child restraint that is installed according to the manufacturer’sinstructions,

• the system determines that a small child is present in a booster seat,• a front passenger takes his/her weight off of the seat for a period of

time,• a child or a small person occupies the front passenger seat.

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For side airbag equipped vehicles, the front passenger sensing systemwill turn off the passenger seat side airbag if:• the seat is empty and safety belt is unbuckled.The front passenger sensing systemuses a !passenger airbag off! or!pass airbag off! indicator which willilluminate and stay lit to remind youthat the front passenger frontalairbag is disabled. The indicatorlamp is located at the top of theinstrument panel center stack areabelow the Hazard warning indicatorand above the radio.Note: The indicator lamp will illuminate for a short period of time whenthe ignition is turned to the ON position to confirm it is functional.When the front passenger seat is not occupied (empty seat) or in theevent that the front passenger frontal airbag is enabled (may inflate), theindicator lamp will be unlit.The front passenger sensing system is designed to disable (will notinflate) the front passenger’s frontal airbag when a rear facing infantseat, a forward-facing child restraint, or a booster seat is detected.• When the front passenger sensing system disables (will not inflate)

the front passenger frontal airbag, the indicator lamp will illuminateand stay lit to remind you that the front passenger frontal airbag isdisabled.

• If the child restraint has been installed and the indicator lamp is notlit, then turn the vehicle off, remove the child restraint from thevehicle and reinstall the restraint following the child restraintmanufacturer’s instructions.

The front passenger sensing system is designed to enable (may inflate)the front passenger’s frontal airbag anytime the system senses that aperson of adult size is sitting properly in the front passenger seat.• When the front passenger sensing system enables the front passenger

frontal airbag (may inflate), the indicator will be unlit and stay unlit.

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If a person of adult size is sitting in the front passenger’s seat, but the!passenger airbag off! or !pass airbag off! indicator lamp is lit, it ispossible that the person isn’t sitting properly in the seat. If this happens:• Turn the vehicle off and ask the person to place the seatback in the

full upright position.• Have the person sit upright in the seat, centered on the seat cushion,

with the person’s legs comfortably extended.• Restart the vehicle and have the person remain in this position for

about two minutes. This will allow the system to detect that personand enable the passenger’s frontal airbag.

• If the indicator lamp remains lit even after this, the person should beadvised to ride in the rear seat.

Occupant Pass Airbag OffIndicator Lamp Passenger Airbag

Empty seat Unlit DisabledSmall child in child safetyseat or booster

Lit Disabled

Small child with safetybelt buckled or unbuckled

Lit Disabled

Adult Unlit Enabled

Even with Advanced Restraints Systems, children 12 and undershould be properly restrained in the back seat.

After all occupants have adjusted their seats and put on safety belts, it’svery important that they continue to sit properly. A properly seatedoccupant sits upright, leaning against the seat back, and centered on theseat cushion, with their feet comfortably extended on the floor. Sittingimproperly can increase the chance of injury in a crash event. Forexample, if an occupant slouches, lies down, turns sideways, sits forward,leans forward or sideways, or puts one or both feet up, the chance ofinjury during a crash is greatly increased.

Sitting improperly out of position or with the seat back reclinedtoo far can take off weight from the seat cushion and affect the

decision of the front passenger sensing system, resulting in seriousinjury or death in a crash.Always sit upright against your seatback, with your feet on the floor.

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The front passenger sensing system may detect small or medium objectsplaced on the seat cushion. For most objects that are in the frontpassenger seat, the passenger airbag will be disabled. Even though thepassenger airbag is disabled, the !pass airbag off! lamp may or may notbe illuminated according to the table below.

Objects Pass Airbag OffIndicator Lamp Passenger Airbag

Small (i.e. 3 ringbinder, small purse,bottled water)

Unlit Disabled

Medium (i.e. heavybriefcase, fully packedluggage)

Lit Disabled

Empty seat, or smallto medium object withsafety belt buckled

Lit Disabled

If you think that the status of the passenger airbag off indicator lamp isincorrect, check for the following:

• Objects lodged underneath the seat

• Objects between the seat cushion and the center console (ifequipped)

• Objects hanging off the seat back

• Objects stowed in the seatback map pocket (if equipped)

• Objects placed on the occupant’s lap

• Cargo interference with the seat

• Other passengers pushing or pulling on the seat

• Rear passenger feet and knees resting or pushing on the seat

The conditions listed above may cause the weight of a properly seatedoccupant to be incorrectly interpreted by the passenger sensing system.The person in the front passenger seat may appear heavier or lighter dueto the conditions described in the list above.

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To reduce the risk of possible serious injury:Do not stow objects in seat back map pocket (if equipped) or

hang objects off seat back if a child is in the front passenger seat.Do not place objects underneath the front passenger seat or betweenthe seat and the center console (if equipped).Check the “passenger airbag off” or “pass airbag off” indicator lamp forproper airbag Status.Failure to follow these instructions may interfere with the passengerseat sensing system.

In case there is a problem with thefront passenger sensing system, theairbag readiness lamp in theinstrument cluster will stay lit.

If the airbag readiness lamp is lit, do the following:

The driver and/or adult passengers should check for any objects thatmay be lodged underneath the front passenger seat or cargo interferingwith the seat.

If objects are lodged and/or cargo is interfering with the seat; please takethe following steps to remove the obstruction:

• Pull the vehicle over.

• Turn the vehicle off.• Driver and/or adult passengers should check for any objects lodged

underneath the front passenger seat or cargo interfering with the seat.• Remove the obstruction(s) (if found).• Restart the vehicle.• Wait at least 2 minutes and verify that the airbag readiness lamp is no

longer illuminated• If the airbag readiness lamp remains illuminated, this may or may/not

be a problem due to the front passenger sensing system.DO NOT attempt to repair or service the system; take your vehicleimmediately to an authorized dealer.If it is necessary to modify an advanced front airbag system toaccommodate a person with disabilities, contact the Ford CustomerRelationship Center at the phone number shown in the CustomerAssistance section of this Owner’s Guide.

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Any alteration/modification to the front passenger seat mayaffect the performance of the front passenger sensing system.

Determining if the system is operationalThe supplemental restraint system uses a warning indicator light in theinstrument cluster or a back-up tone to indicate the condition of thesystem. Refer to the Warning lights and chimes section in theInstrument Cluster chapter. Routine maintenance of the airbag is notrequired.A difficulty with the system is indicated by one or more of the following:• The readiness light (same light

for front and side airbag system)will either flash or stay lit.

• The readiness light will notilluminate immediately after ignition is turned on.

• A series of five beeps will be heard. The tone pattern will repeatperiodically until the problem and/or light are repaired.

If any of these things happen, even intermittently, have the supplementalrestraint system serviced at an authorized dealer immediately. Unlessserviced, the system may not function properly in the event of acollision.

Seat-mounted side airbag system (if equipped)

Do not place objects or mount equipment on or near the airbagcover on the side of the seatbacks of the front seats or in front

seat areas that may come into contact with a deploying airbag. Failureto follow these instructions may increase the risk of personal injury inthe event of a collision.

Do not use accessory seat covers. The use of accessory seatcovers may prevent the deployment of the side airbags and

increase the risk of injury in an accident.

Do not lean your head on the door. The side airbag could injureyou as it deploys from the side of the seatback.

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Do not attempt to service, repair, or modify the airbag SRS, itsfuses or the seat cover on a seat containing an airbag. See your

authorized dealer.

All occupants of the vehicle should always wear their safety beltseven when an airbag SRS is provided.

How does the side airbag system work?The side airbag system consists ofthe following:• An inflatable nylon bag (airbag)

with a gas generator concealedbehind the outboard bolster ofthe driver and front passengerseatbacks.

• A special seat cover designed toallow airbag deployment.

• The same warning light,electronic control and diagnosticunit as used for the front airbags.

• Two crash sensors located underthe outboard side of the frontseats, attached to the floor.

Side airbags, in combination withsafety belts, can help reduce the risk of severe injuries in the event of asignificant side impact collision.The side airbags are fitted on the outboard side of the seatbacks of thefront seats. In certain lateral collisions, the airbag on the side affected bythe collision will be inflated. The front passenger sensing system willturn off the passenger seat side airbag if the seat is empty (unless forsome reason the safety belt is properly buckled). If the front passengerseat is empty, and the safety belt is not properly buckled, the frontpassenger seat side airbag will be turned off by the front passengersensing system. The airbag was designed to inflate between the doorpanel and occupant to further enhance the protection providedoccupants in side impact collisions.The airbag SRS is designed to activate when the vehicle sustains lateraldeceleration sufficient to cause the sensors to close an electrical circuitthat initiates airbag inflation.

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The fact that the airbags did not inflate in a collision does not mean thatsomething is wrong with the system. Rather, it means the forces werenot of the type sufficient to cause activation. Side airbags are designedto inflate in side-impact collisions, not roll-over, rear-impact, frontal ornear-frontal collisions, unless the collision causes sufficient lateraldeceleration.

Several air bag system components get hot after inflation. Do nottouch them after inflation.

If the side airbag hasdeployed, the airbag will

not function again. The sideairbag system (including theseat) must be inspected andserviced by an authorizeddealer. If the airbag is notreplaced, the unrepaired area willincrease the risk of injury in acollision.

Disposal of airbags and airbag equipped vehicles (includingpretensioners)See your authorized dealer. Airbags MUST BE disposed of by qualifiedpersonnel.

SAFETY RESTRAINTS FOR CHILDRENSee the following sections for directions on how to properly use safetyrestraints for children. Also see Airbag supplemental restraint system(SRS) in this chapter for special instructions about using airbags.

Rear-facing child seats or infant carriers should never be placedin front of an active passenger airbag.

Always transport children 12 years old and under in the backseat and always use appropriate child restraints.

Accident statistics indicate that children are safer when properlyrestrained in the rear seats.

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Do not leave children, unreliable adults, or pets unattended inyour vehicle.

Safety belts and seats can become hot in a vehicle that has beenclosed up in sunny weather, they could burn a small child. Check

seat covers and buckles before you place a child anywhere near them.

Important child restraint precautionsYou are required by law to use safety restraints for children in the U.S.and Canada. If small children (generally children who are four years oldor younger and who weigh 40 lb. [18 kg] or less) ride in your vehicle, youmust put them in safety seats made especially for children. Many statesrequire that children use approved booster seats until they are eightyears old. Check your local and state or provincial laws for specificrequirements regarding the safety of children in your vehicle. Whenpossible, always place children under age 12 in the rear seat of yourvehicle. Accident statistics suggest that children are safer when properlyrestrained in the rear seating positions than in the front seating position.

Never let a passenger hold a child on his or her lap while thevehicle is moving. The passenger cannot protect the child from

injury in a collision.

Always follow the instructions and warnings that come with any infant orchild restraint you might use.

Children and safety beltsIf the child is the proper size, restrain the child in a safety seat. Childrenwho are too large for child safety seats (as specified by your child safetyseat manufacturer) should always wear safety belts.Follow all the important safety restraint and airbag precautions thatapply to adult passengers in your vehicle.If the shoulder belt portion of a combination lap and shoulder belt canbe positioned so it does not cross or rest in front of the child’s face orneck, the child should wear the lap and shoulder belt. Moving the childcloser to the center of the vehicle may help provide a good shoulder beltfit.

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Do not leave children, unreliable adults, or pets unattended inyour vehicle.

Child booster seats

Children outgrow a typical convertible or toddler seat when they weigh40 lb. (18 kg) and are around 4 years of age. Although the lap/shoulderbelt will provide some protection, these children are still too small forlap/shoulder belts to fit properly, which could increase the risk of seriousinjury in a crash.

To improve the fit of both the lap and shoulder belt on children whohave outgrown child safety seats, Ford Motor Company recommends useof a belt-positioning booster.

Booster seats position a child so that safety belts fit better. They lift thechild up so that the lap belt rests low across the hips and the kneesbend comfortably. Booster seats may also make the shoulder belt fitbetter and more comfortably. Try to keep the belt near the middle of theshoulder.

When children should use booster seatsChildren need to use booster seats from the time they outgrow thetoddler seat until they are big enough for the vehicle seat andlap/shoulder belt to fit properly. Generally this is when they weigh about80 lb. (36 kg) (about 8 to 12 years old).

Booster seats should be used until you can answer YES to ALL of thesequestions:• Can the child sit all the way back

against the vehicle seat back withknees bent comfortably at theedge of the seat withoutslouching?

• Does the lap belt rest low across the hips?

• Is the shoulder belt centered on the shoulder and chest?

• Can the child stay seated like this for the whole trip?

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Types of booster seatsThere are two types of belt-positioning booster seats:• Those that are backless.

If your backless booster seat has aremovable shield, remove theshield and use the lap/shoulderbelt. If a seating position has alow seat back and no headrestraint, a backless booster seatmay place your child’s head (topof ear level) above the top of theseat. In this case, move thebackless booster to anotherseating position with a higher seat back and lap/shoulder belts.

• Those with a high back.If, with a backless booster seat,you cannot find a seating positionthat adequately supports yourchild’s head, a high back boosterseat would be a better choice.

Either type can be used at any seating position equipped withlap/shoulder belts if your child is over 40 lb. (18 kg).

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Children and booster seats vary widely in size and shape. Choose abooster that keeps the lap belt low and snug across the hips, never upacross the stomach, and lets you adjust the shoulder belt to cross thechest and rest snugly near the center of the shoulder. The drawingsbelow compare the ideal fit (center) to a shoulder belt uncomfortablyclose to the neck and a shoulder belt that could slip off the shoulder.

If the booster seat slides on the vehicle seat, placing a rubberized meshsold as shelf or carpet liner under the booster seat may improve thiscondition.

The importance of shoulder belts

Using a booster without a shoulder belt increases the risk of a child’shead hitting a hard surface in a collision. For this reason, you shouldnever use a booster seat with a lap belt only. It is best to use a boosterseat with lap/shoulder belts in the back seat- the safest place for childrento ride.

Move a child to a different seating location if the shoulder beltdoes not stay positioned on the shoulder during use.

Follow all instructions provided by the manufacturer of thebooster seat.

Never put the shoulder belt under a child’s arm or behind theback because it eliminates the protection for the upper part of

the body and may increase the risk of injury or death in a collision.

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Never use pillows, books, or towels to boost a child. They canslide around and increase the likelihood of injury or death in a

collision.

SAFETY SEATS FOR CHILDREN

Child and infant or child safety seatsUse a safety seat that is recommended for the size and weight of thechild. Carefully follow all of the manufacturer’s instructions with thesafety seat you put in your vehicle. If you do not install and use thesafety seat properly, the child may be injured in a sudden stop orcollision.When installing a child safety seat:• Review and follow the information

presented in the Airbagsupplemental restraint system(SRS) section in this chapter.

• Use the correct safety belt bucklefor that seating position (thebuckle closest to the direction thetongue is coming from).

• Insert the belt tongue into theproper buckle until you hear asnap and feel it latch. Make sure the tongue is securely fastened in thebuckle.

• Keep the buckle release button pointing up and away from the safetyseat, with the tongue between the child seat and the release button,to prevent accidental unbuckling.

• Place seat back in upright position.• Put the safety belt in the automatic locking mode. Refer to Automatic

locking mode (passenger side front and outboard rear seatingpositions) (if equipped) section in this chapter.

• LATCH lower anchors are recommended for use by children up to48 lb. (22 kg) in a child restraint. Top tether anchors can be used forchildren up to 60 lb. (27 kg) in a child restraint, and to provide uppertorso restraint for children up to 80 lb. (36 kg) using an upper torsoharness and a belt-positioning booster.

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Ford recommends the use of a child safety seat having a top tetherstrap. Install the child safety seat in a seating position with LATCH andtether anchors. For more information on top tether straps and anchors,refer to Attaching safety seats with tether straps in this chapter. Formore information of LATCH anchors refer to Attaching safety seats withLATCH (Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children) attachments in thischapter.

Carefully follow all of the manufacturer’s instructions includedwith the safety seat you put in your vehicle. If you do not install

and use the safety seat properly, the child may be injured in a suddenstop or collision.

Rear-facing child seats or infant carriers should never be placedin front of an active airbag.

Installing child safety seats with combination lap and shoulderbelts

Airbags can kill or injure a child in a child seat. NEVER place arear-facing child seat in front of an active airbag. If you must use

a forward-facing child seat in the front seat, move the seat all the wayback.

Children 12 and under should be properly restrained in the rearseat whenever possible.

1. Position the child safety seat in aseat with a combination lap andshoulder belt.

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2. Pull down on the shoulder beltand then grasp the shoulder beltand lap belt together.

3. While holding the shoulder andlap belt portions together, route thetongue through the child seataccording to the child seatmanufacturer’s instructions. Be surethe belt webbing is not twisted.

4. Insert the belt tongue into theproper buckle (the buckle closest tothe direction the tongue is comingfrom) for that seating position untilyou hear a snap and feel the latchengage. Make sure the tongue islatched securely by pulling on it.

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5. To put the retractor in theautomatic locking mode, grasp theshoulder portion of the belt and pulldownward until all of the belt ispulled out and a click is heard.

6. Allow the belt to retract. The belt will click as it retracts to indicate itis in the automatic locking mode.7. Pull the lap belt portion acrossthe child seat toward the buckle andpull up on the shoulder belt whilepushing down with your knee on thechild seat.

8. Allow the safety belt to retract toremove any slack in the belt.9. Before placing the child in theseat, forcibly move the seat forwardand back to make sure the seat issecurely held in place. To checkthis, grab the seat at the belt pathand attempt to move it side to sideand forward. There should be nomore than one inch of movement forproper installation.

10. Try to pull the belt out of the retractor to make sure the retractor isin the automatic locking mode (you should not be able to pull more beltout). If the retractor is not locked, unbuckle the belt and repeat Steps 2through 9.Check to make sure the child seat is properly secured before each use.

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Attaching child safety seats with tether strapsMost new forward-facing child safety seats include a tether strap whichgoes over the back of the seat and hooks to an anchoring point. Tetherstraps are available as an accessory for many older safety seats. Contactthe manufacturer of your child seat for information about ordering atether strap.The rear seats of your vehicle are equipped with built-in tether strapanchors located behind the seats as described below.The tether anchors in your vehicle are either located under a covermarked with the tether anchor symbol (shown with title) or are recessedbars on the back side of the seatback.The tether strap anchors in yourvehicle are in the following positions(shown from top view, left is frontof the vehicle):

Attach the tether strap only to the appropriate tether anchor asshown. The tether strap may not work properly if attached

somewhere other than the correct tether anchor.

1. Position the child safety seat on the seat cushion.2. Route the child safety seat tether strap over the back of the seat.On hatchbacks, the removable luggage area cover must be removed priorto attaching the tether strap to the tether anchor.On wagons, it may be necessary to remove the cargo cover assemblyprior to attaching the tether strap to the tether anchor. The tether mustnot go around the cargo cover retractor assembly.For vehicles with adjustable head restraints, route the tether strap underthe head restraint and between the head restraint posts, otherwise routethe tether strap over the top of the seatback.

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3. Locate the correct anchor for the selected seating position.• On Sedan’s the anchors are

located on the rear back panel.

• For 3–door/5–door and Wagon,the anchors are located on theback of the rear seat.

4. On a sedan, open the tetheranchor cover.

5. Clip the tether strap to theanchor as shown.

If the tether strap is clippedincorrectly, the child safety

seat may not be retained properlyin the event of a collision.

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6. Install the child safety seat tightly using the LATCH anchors or safetybelts. Follow the instructions in this chapter.

7. Tighten the child safety seat tether strap according to themanufacturer’s instructions.

If the safety seat is not anchored properly, the risk of a childbeing injured in a collision greatly increases.

Attaching child safety seats with Lower Anchor and Tethers forChildren (LATCH) attachments for child seat anchorsSome child safety seats have two rigid or webbing mounted attachmentsthat connect to two anchors at specific seating positions in your vehicle.This type of child seat eliminates the need to use safety belts to attachthe child seat. For forward-facing child seats, the tether strap must alsobe attached to the proper tether anchor point. For information on usingtether straps with the child safety seats, refer to Attaching safety seatswith tether straps in this chapter.LATCH anchors for child seatinstallation have been provided inyour vehicle at the followinglocations:The anchors on both sides of thecenter of the rear seat are providedprimarily for child seats at theoutboard seats and are further apartthan the pairs of lower anchors forchild seat installation at other seats. A child seat with rigid LATCHattachments cannot be installed at the center rear seat. A child seat withLATCH attachments on belt webbing can be used at the center rear seatunless a child seat at an outboard rear seat is attached to one of theselower anchors. Install a child seat onto the lower anchors at the centerrear seat ONLY IF the child restraint manufacturer recommends that thechild seat can be installed to anchors that are spaced up to 450 mmapart.

Never attach two LATCH child safety seats to the same anchor.In a crash, one anchor may not be strong enough to hold two

child seat attachments and may break, causing serious injury or death.

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The LATCH anchors are located onthe rear section of the seat cushion,at the bottom of the seatback.Follow the child seat manufacturer’sinstructions to properly install safetyseats with LATCH attachments.

Attach the LATCH lower attachments of the child seat only tothe appropriate locations shown.

Once you have installed the LATCH safety seat, ensure that the seat isproperly attached to LATCH and tether anchors. Also, test the safetyseat before you place the child in it. Tilt the seat from side to side. Alsotry to tug the seat forward. Check to see if the anchors hold the seat inplace.

If the safety seat in not anchored properly, the risk of a childbeing injured in a collision greatly increases.

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INFORMATION ABOUT UNIFORM TIRE QUALITY GRADINGNew vehicles are fitted with tiresthat have a rating on them calledTire Quality Grades. The Qualitygrades can be found whereapplicable on the tire sidewallbetween tread shoulder andmaximum section width. Forexample:

• Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A

These Tire Quality Grades are determined by standards that the UnitedStates Department of Transportation has set.

Tire Quality Grades apply to new pneumatic tires for use on passengercars. They do not apply to deep tread, winter-type snow tires,space-saver or temporary use spare tires, tires with nominal rimdiameters of 10 to 12 inches or limited production tires as defined inTitle 49 Code of Federal Regulations Part 575.104(c)(2).

U.S. Department of Transportation-Tire quality grades: The U.S.Department of Transportation requires Ford Motor Company to give youthe following information about tire grades exactly as the governmenthas written it.

TreadwearThe treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on the wear rate ofthe tire when tested under controlled conditions on a specifiedgovernment test course. For example, a tire graded 150 would wear oneand one-half (1 1/2) times as well on the government course as a tiregraded 100. The relative performance of tires depends upon the actualconditions of their use, however, and may depart significantly from thenorm due to variations in driving habits, service practices, anddifferences in road characteristics and climate.

Traction AA A B CThe traction grades, from highest to lowest are AA, A, B, and C. Thegrades represent the tire’s ability to stop on wet pavement as measuredunder controlled conditions on specified government test surfaces ofasphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor tractionperformance.

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The traction grade assigned to this tire is based onstraight-ahead braking traction tests, and does not include

acceleration, cornering, hydroplaning or peak traction characteristics.

Temperature A B CThe temperature grades are A (the highest), B and C, representing thetire’s resistance to the generation of heat and its ability to dissipate heatwhen tested under controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratorytest wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the material of the tireto degenerate and reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead tosudden tire failure. The grade C corresponds to a level of performancewhich all passenger car tires must meet under the Federal Motor VehicleSafety Standard No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels ofperformance on the laboratory test wheel than the minimum required bylaw.

The temperature grade for this tire is established for a tire thatis properly inflated and not overloaded. Excessive speed,

underinflation, or excessive loading, either separately or incombination, can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.

TIRESTires are designed to give many thousands of miles of service, but theymust be maintained in order to get the maximum benefit from them.

Glossary of tire terminology• Tire label: A label showing the OE (Original Equipment) tire sizes,

recommended inflation pressure and the maximum weight the vehiclecan carry.

• Tire Identification Number (TIN): A number on the sidewall ofeach tire providing information about the tire brand andmanufacturing plant, tire size and date of manufacture. Also referredto as DOT code.

• Inflation pressure: A measure of the amount of air in a tire.• Standard load: A class of P-metric or Metric tires designed to carry a

maximum load at 35 psi [37 psi (2.5 bar) for Metric tires]. Increasingthe inflation pressure beyond this pressure will not increase the tire’sload carrying capability.

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• Extra load: A class of P-metric or Metric tires designed to carry aheavier maximum load at 41 psi [43 psi (2.9 bar) for Metric tires].Increasing the inflation pressure beyond this pressure will not increasethe tire’s load carrying capability.

• kPa: Kilopascal, a metric unit of air pressure.• PSI: Pounds per square inch, a standard unit of air pressure.• Cold inflation pressure: The tire pressure when the vehicle has

been stationary and out of direct sunlight for an hour or more andprior to the vehicle being driven for 1 mile (1.6 km).

• Recommended inflation pressure: The cold inflation pressure foundon the Safety Compliance Certification Label or Tire Label located onthe B-Pillar or the edge of the driver’s door.

• B-pillar: The structural member at the side of the vehicle behind thefront door.

• Bead area of the tire: Area of the tire next to the rim.• Sidewall of the tire: Area between the bead area and the tread.• Tread area of the tire: Area of the perimeter of the tire that

contacts the road when mounted on the vehicle.• Rim: The metal support (wheel) for a tire or a tire and tube assembly

upon which the tire beads are seated.

INFLATING YOUR TIRESSafe operation of your vehicle requires that your tires are properlyinflated. Every day before you drive, check your tires. If one looks lowerthan the others, use a tire gauge to check pressure of all tires and adjustif required. Remember that a tire can lose up to half of its air pressurewithout appearing flat.At least once a month and before long trips, inspect each tire and checkthe tire pressure with a tire gauge (including spare, if equipped). Inflateall tires to the inflation pressure recommended by Ford Motor Company.Use a tire gauge to check the tire inflation pressure, including the spare(if equipped), at least monthly and before long trips. You are stronglyurged to buy a reliable tire pressure gauge, as automatic service stationgauges may be inaccurate. Ford Motor Company recommends the use ofa digital or dial-type tire pressure gauge rather than a stick-type tirepressure gauge.Use the recommended cold inflation pressure for optimum tireperformance and wear. Under-inflation or over-inflation may causeuneven treadwear patterns.

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Under-inflation is the most common cause of tire failures andmay result in severe tire cracking, tread separation or !blowout!,

with unexpected loss of vehicle control and increased risk of injury.Under-inflation increases sidewall flexing and rolling resistance,resulting in heat buildup and internal damage to the tire. It also mayresult in unnecessary tire stress, irregular wear, loss of vehicle controland accidents. A tire can lose up to half of its air pressure and notappear to be flat!

Always inflate your tires to the Ford recommended inflation pressureeven if it is less than the maximum inflation pressure information foundon the tire. The Ford recommended tire inflation pressure is found onthe Safety Compliance Certification Label or Tire Label which is locatedon the B-Pillar or the edge of the driver’s door. Failure to follow the tirepressure recommendations can cause uneven treadwear patterns andadversely affect the way your vehicle handles.Maximum Permissible Inflation Pressure is the tire manufacturer’smaximum permissible pressure and/or the pressure at which themaximum load can be carried by the tire. This pressure is normallyhigher than the manufacturer’s recommended cold inflation pressurewhich can be found on the Safety Compliance Certification Label or TireLabel which is located on the B-Pillar or the edge of the driver’s door.The cold inflation pressure should never be set lower than therecommended pressure on the Safety Compliance Certification Label orTire Label.When weather temperature changes occur, tire inflation pressures alsochange. A 10° F (6° C) temperature drop can cause a correspondingdrop of 1 psi (7 kPa) in inflation pressure. Check your tire pressuresfrequently and adjust them to the proper pressure which can be foundon the Safety Compliance Certification Label or Tire Label.To check the pressure in your tire(s):1. Make sure the tires are cool, meaning they are not hot from drivingeven a mile.If you are checking tire pressure when the tire is hot, (i.e. driven morethan 1 mile [1.6 km]), never “bleed” or reduce air pressure. The tires arehot from driving and it is normal for pressures to increase aboverecommended cold pressures. A hot tire at or below recommended coldinflation pressure could be significantly under-inflated.

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Note: If you have to drive a distance to get air for your tire(s), checkand record the tire pressure first and add the appropriate air pressurewhen you get to the pump. It is normal for tires to heat up and the airpressure inside to go up as you drive.2. Remove the cap from the valve on one tire, then firmly press the tiregauge onto the valve and measure the pressure with the tire gauge.3. Add enough air to reach the recommended air pressure.Note: If you overfill the tire, release air by pushing on the metal stem inthe center of the valve. Then recheck the pressure with your tire gauge.4. Replace the valve cap.5. Repeat this procedure for each tire, including the spare.Note: Some spare tires operate at a higher inflation pressure than theother tires. For T-type/mini-spare tires (see T-Type/Mini-Spare TireInformation section for description): Store and maintain at 60 psi(4.15 bar). For Full Size and Dissimilar spare tires (see DissimilarSpare Tire/Wheel Information section for description): Store andmaintain at the higher of the front and rear inflation pressure as shownon the Safety Compliance Certification Label or the Tire Label.6. Visually inspect the tires to make sure there are no nails or otherobjects embedded that could poke a hole in the tire and cause an airleak.7. Check the sidewalls to make sure there are no gouges, cuts or bulges.

TIRE CARE

Inspecting your tiresPeriodically inspect the tire treads for uneven or excessive wear andremove objects such as stones, nails or glass that may be wedged in thetread grooves. Check for holes or cuts that may permit air leakage fromthe tire and make necessary repairs. Also inspect the tire sidewalls forcracking, cuts, bruises and other signs of damage or excessive wear. Ifinternal damage to the tire is suspected, have the tire demounted andinspected in case it needs to be repaired or replaced. For your safety,tires that are damaged or show signs of excessive wear should not beused because they are more likely to blow out or fail.

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Improper or inadequate vehicle maintenance can cause tires to wearabnormally. Inspect all your tires, including the spare, frequently, andreplace them if one or more of the following conditions exist:

Tire wearWhen the tread is worn down to1/16th of an inch (2 mm), tires mustbe replaced to help prevent yourvehicle from skidding andhydroplaning. Built-in treadwearindicators, or “wear bars”, whichlook like narrow strips of smoothrubber across the tread will appearon the tire when the tread is worndown to 1/16th of an inch (2 mm).When the tire tread wears down tothe same height as these “wear bars”, the tire is worn out and must bereplaced.

DamagePeriodically inspect the tire treads and sidewalls for damage (such asbulges in the tread or sidewalls, cracks in the tread groove andseparation in the tread or sidewall). If damage is observed or suspectedhave the tire inspected by a tire professional. Tires can be damagedduring off-road use, so inspection after off-road use is alsorecommended.

AgeTires degrade over time depending on many factors such as

weather, storage conditions, and conditions of use (load, speed,inflation pressure, etc.) the tires experience throughout their lives.In general, tires should be replaced after six years regardless of treadwear. However, heat caused by hot climates or frequent high loadingconditions can accelerate the aging process and may require tires to bereplaced more frequently.You should replace your spare tire when you replace the road tires orafter six years due to aging even if it has not been used.

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U.S. DOT Tire Identification Number (TIN)Both U.S. and Canada Federal regulations require tire manufacturers toplace standardized information on the sidewall of all tires. Thisinformation identifies and describes the fundamental characteristics ofthe tire and also provides a U.S. DOT Tire Identification Number forsafety standard certification and in case of a recall.This begins with the letters “DOT” and indicates that the tire meets allfederal standards. The next two numbers or letters are the plant codedesignating where it was manufactured, the next two are the tire sizecode and the last four numbers represent the week and year the tire wasbuilt. For example, the numbers 317 mean the 31st week of 1997. After2000 the numbers go to four digits. For example, 2501 means the 25thweek of 2001. The numbers in between are identification codes used fortraceability. This information is used to contact customers if a tire defectrequires a recall.

Tire Replacement RequirementsYour vehicle is equipped with tires designed to provide a safe ride andhandling capability.

Only use replacement tires and wheels that are the same size,load index, speed rating and type (such as P-metric versus

LT-metric or all-season versus all-terrain) as those originally providedby Ford. The recommended tire and wheel size may be found on eitherthe Safety Compliance Certification Label or the Tire Label which islocated on the B-Pillar or edge of the driver’s door. If this informationis not found on these labels then you should consult your Ford Dealer.Use of any tire or wheel not recommended by Ford can affect thesafety and performance of your vehicle, which could result in anincreased risk of loss of vehicle control, vehicle rollover, personal injuryand death. Additionally the use of non-recommended tires and wheelscould cause steering, suspension, axle or transfer case/power transferunit failure. If you have questions regarding tire replacement, see anauthorized dealer.

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When mounting replacement tires and wheels, you should notexceed the maximum pressure indicated on the sidewall of the

tire to set the beads without additional precautions listed below. If thebeads do not seat at the maximum pressure indicated, re-lubricate andtry again.When inflating the tire for mounting pressures up to 20 psi greaterthan the maximum pressure on the tire sidewall, the followingprecautions must be taken to protect the person mounting the tire:1. Make sure that you have the correct tire and wheel size.2. Lubricate the tire bead and wheel bead seat area again.3. Stand at a minimum of 12 feet away from the tire wheel assembly.4. Use both eye and ear protection.For a mounting pressure more than 20 psi greater than the maximumpressure, a Ford Dealer or other tire service professional should do themounting.Always inflate steel carcass tires with a remote air fill with the personinflating standing at a minimum of 12 ft. away from the tire wheelassembly.

Important: Remember to replace the wheel valve stems when the roadtires are replaced on your vehicle.It is recommended that the two front tires or two rear tires generally bereplaced as a pair.

Safety practicesDriving habits have a great deal to do with your tire mileage and safety.• Observe posted speed limits• Avoid fast starts, stops and turns• Avoid potholes and objects on the road• Do not run over curbs or hit the tire against a curb when parking

If your vehicle is stuck in snow, mud, sand, etc., do not rapidlyspin the tires; spinning the tires can tear the tire and cause an

explosion. A tire can explode in as little as three to five seconds.

Do not spin the wheels at over 35 mph (56 km/h). The tires mayfail and injure a passenger or bystander.

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Highway hazardsNo matter how carefully you drive there’s always the possibility that youmay eventually have a flat tire on the highway. Drive slowly to theclosest safe area out of traffic. This may further damage the flat tire, butyour safety is more important.

If you feel a sudden vibration or ride disturbance while driving, or yoususpect your tire or vehicle has been damaged, immediately reduce yourspeed. Drive with caution until you can safely pull off the road. Stop andinspect the tires for damage. If a tire is under-inflated or damaged,deflate it, remove wheel and replace it with your spare tire and wheel. Ifyou cannot detect a cause, have the vehicle towed to the nearest repairfacility or tire dealer to have the vehicle inspected.

Tire and wheel alignmentA bad jolt from hitting a curb or pothole can cause the front end of yourvehicle to become misaligned or cause damage to your tires. If yourvehicle seems to pull to one side when you’re driving, the wheels may beout of alignment. Have an authorized dealer check the wheel alignmentperiodically.

Wheel misalignment in the front or the rear can cause uneven and rapidtreadwear of your tires and should be corrected by an authorized dealer.Front wheel drive (FWD) vehicles and those with an independent rearsuspension (if equipped) may require alignment of all four wheels.

The tires should also be balanced periodically. An unbalanced tire andwheel assembly may result in irregular tire wear.

Tire rotationRotating your tires at the recommended interval (as indicated in thescheduled maintenance information that comes with your vehicle) willhelp your tires wear more evenly, providing better tire performance andlonger tire life. Unless otherwise specified, rotate the tires approximatelyevery 5,000 miles (8,000 km).

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• Front Wheel Drive (FWD)vehicles (front tires at top ofdiagram)

Sometimes irregular tire wear can be corrected by rotating the tires.Note: If your tires show uneven wear ask an authorized dealer to checkfor and correct any wheel misalignment, tire imbalance or mechanicalproblem involved before tire rotation.Note: Your vehicle may be equipped with a dissimilar spare tire/wheel. Adissimilar spare tire/wheel is defined as a spare tire and/or wheel that isdifferent in brand, size or appearance from the road tires and wheels. Ifyou have a dissimilar spare tire/wheel it is intended for temporary useonly and should not be used in a tire rotation.Note: After having your tires rotated, inflation pressure must be checkedand adjusted to the vehicle requirements.

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INFORMATION CONTAINED ON THE TIRE SIDEWALLBoth U.S. and Canada Federal regulations require tire manufacturers toplace standardized information on the sidewall of all tires. Thisinformation identifies and describes the fundamental characteristics ofthe tire and also provides a U.S. DOT Tire Identification Number forsafety standard certification and in case of a recall.

Information on “P” type tiresP215/65R15 95H is an example of atire size, load index and speedrating. The definitions of theseitems are listed below. (Note thatthe tire size, load index and speedrating for your vehicle may bedifferent from this example.)1. P: Indicates a tire, designated bythe Tire and Rim Association(T&RA), that may be used forservice on cars, SUVs, minivans andlight trucks.Note: If your tire size does notbegin with a letter this may mean itis designated by either ETRTO(European Tire and Rim Technical Organization) or JATMA (Japan TireManufacturing Association).2. 215: Indicates the nominal width of the tire in millimeters fromsidewall edge to sidewall edge. In general, the larger the number, thewider the tire.3. 65: Indicates the aspect ratio which gives the tire’s ratio of height towidth.4. R: Indicates a “radial” type tire.5. 15: Indicates the wheel or rim diameter in inches. If you change yourwheel size, you will have to purchase new tires to match the new wheeldiameter.6. 95: Indicates the tire’s load index. It is an index that relates to howmuch weight a tire can carry. You may find this information in yourOwner’s Guide. If not, contact a local tire dealer.Note: You may not find this information on all tires because it is notrequired by federal law.

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7. H: Indicates the tire’s speed rating. The speed rating denotes thespeed at which a tire is designed to be driven for extended periods oftime under a standard condition of load and inflation pressure. The tireson your vehicle may operate at different conditions for load and inflationpressure. These speed ratings may need to be adjusted for the differencein conditions. The ratings range from 81 mph (130 km/h) to 186 mph(299 km/h). These ratings are listed in the following chart.Note: You may not find this information on all tires because it is notrequired by federal law.

Letter rating Speed rating - mph (km/h)M 81 mph (130 km/h)N 87 mph (140 km/h)Q 99 mph (159 km/h)R 106 mph (171 km/h)S 112 mph (180 km/h)T 118 mph (190 km/h)U 124 mph (200 km/h)H 130 mph (210 km/h)V 149 mph (240 km/h)W 168 mph (270 km/h)Y 186 mph (299 km/h)

Note: For tires with a maximum speed capability over 149 mph(240 km/h), tire manufacturers sometimes use the letters ZR. Forthose with a maximum speed capability over 186 mph (299 km/h), tiremanufacturers always use the letters ZR.

8. U.S. DOT Tire Identification Number (TIN): This begins with theletters “DOT” and indicates that the tire meets all federal standards. Thenext two numbers or letters are the plant code designating where it wasmanufactured, the next two are the tire size code and the last fournumbers represent the week and year the tire was built. For example,the numbers 317 mean the 31st week of 1997. After 2000 the numbersgo to four digits. For example, 2501 means the 25th week of 2001. Thenumbers in between are identification codes used for traceability. Thisinformation is used to contact customers if a tire defect requires a recall.9. M+S or M/S: Mud and Snow, orAT: All Terrain, orAS: All Season.

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10. Tire Ply Composition and Material Used: Indicates the number ofplies or the number of layers of rubber-coated fabric in the tire tread andsidewall. Tire manufacturers also must indicate the ply materials in thetire and the sidewall, which include steel, nylon, polyester, and others.

11. Maximum Load: Indicates the maximum load in kilograms andpounds that can be carried by the tire. Refer to the Safety ComplianceCertification Label, which is located on the B-Pillar or the edge of thedriver’s door, for the correct tire pressure for your vehicle.

12. Treadwear, Traction and Temperature Grades

• Treadwear: The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on thewear rate of the tire when tested under controlled conditions on aspecified government test course. For example, a tire graded 150would wear one and one-half (11⁄2) times as well on the governmentcourse as a tire graded 100.

• Traction: The traction grades, from highest to lowest are AA, A, B,and C. The grades represent the tire’s ability to stop on wet pavementas measured under controlled conditions on specified government testsurfaces of asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poortraction performance.

• Temperature: The temperature grades are A (the highest), B and C,representing the tire’s resistance to the generation of heat and itsability to dissipate heat when tested under controlled conditions on aspecified indoor laboratory test wheel.

13. Maximum Permissible Inflation Pressure: Indicates the tiremanufacturers’ maximum permissible pressure and/or the pressure atwhich the maximum load can be carried by the tire. This pressure isnormally higher than the manufacturer’s recommended cold inflationpressure which can be found on the Safety Compliance CertificationLabel or Tire Label which is located on the B-Pillar or the edge of thedriver’s door. The cold inflation pressure should never be set lower thanthe recommended pressure on the vehicle label.

The tire suppliers may have additional markings, notes or warnings suchas standard load, radial tubeless, etc.

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Additional information contained on the tire sidewall for “LT” typetires“LT” type tires have some additionalinformation beyond those of “P”type tires; these differences aredescribed below:1. LT: Indicates a tire, designated bythe Tire and Rim Association(T&RA), that is intended for serviceon light trucks.2. Load Range/Load InflationLimits: Indicates the tire’sload-carrying capabilities and itsinflation limits.3. Maximum Load Dual lb. (kg)at psi (kPa) cold: Indicates themaximum load and tire pressurewhen the tire is used as a dual; defined as four tires on the rear axle (atotal of six or more tires on the vehicle).

4. Maximum Load Single lb. (kg) at psi (kPa) cold: Indicates themaximum load and tire pressure when the tire is used as a single;defined as two tires (total) on the rear axle.

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Information on “T” type tires“T” type tires have some additionalinformation beyond those of “P”type tires; these differences aredescribed below:T145/80D16 is an example of a tiresize.Note: The temporary tire size foryour vehicle may be different fromthis example.1. T: Indicates a type of tire,designated by the Tire and RimAssociation (T&RA), that isintended for temporary service oncars, SUVs, minivans and lighttrucks.2. 145: Indicates the nominal widthof the tire in millimeters fromsidewall edge to sidewall edge. In general, the larger the number, thewider the tire.3. 80: Indicates the aspect ratio which gives the tire’s ratio of height towidth. Numbers of 70 or lower indicate a short sidewall.4. D: Indicates a “diagonal” type tire.R: Indicates a “radial” type tire.5. 16: Indicates the wheel or rim diameter in inches. If you change yourwheel size, you will have to purchase new tires to match the new wheeldiameter.

Location of the tire labelYou will find a Tire Label containing tire inflation pressure by tire sizeand other important information located on the B-Pillar or the edge ofthe driver’s door.

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SNOW TIRES AND CHAINS

Snow tires must be the same size and grade as the tires youcurrently have on your vehicle.

The original equipment tires on your vehicle have an all-weather treaddesign to provide traction, handling, and braking performance inyear-round driving. You may install snow tires for improved tractionwhen driving in areas with sustained periods of snow or icy drivingconditions.

If you choose to install snow tires on your vehicle, they must be thesame size, construction, and load range as the original tires listed on thetire placard, and they must be installed on all four wheels. Mixing tires ofdifferent size or construction on your vehicle can adversely affect yourvehicle’s handling and braking, and may lead to loss of vehicle control.

Do not use snow chains or cables on this vehicle as they maycause damage to your vehicle which may lead to loss of vehicle

control.

VEHICLE LOADING – WITH AND WITHOUT A TRAILERThis section will guide you in the proper loading of your vehicle and/ortrailer, to keep your loaded vehicle weight within its design ratingcapability, with or without a trailer. Properly loading your vehicle willprovide maximum return of vehicle design performance. Before loadingyour vehicle, familiarize yourself with the following terms for determiningyour vehicle’s weight ratings, with or without a trailer, from the vehicle’sSafety Compliance Certification Label:

Base Curb Weight – is the weight of the vehicle including a full tank offuel and all standard equipment. It does not include passengers, cargo, oroptional equipment.

Vehicle Curb Weight – is the weight of your new vehicle when youpicked it up from your authorized dealer plus any aftermarketequipment.

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Cargo Weight – includes all weight added to the Base Curb Weight,including cargo and optional equipment. When towing, trailer tongue loadweight is also part of cargo weight.

GAW (Gross Axle Weight) – is the total weight placed on each axle(front and rear) – including vehicle curb weight and all payload.

GAWR (Gross Axle Weight Rating) – is the maximum allowableweight that can be carried by a single axle (front or rear). Thesenumbers are shown on the Safety Compliance Certification Labellocated on the B-Pillar or the edge of the driver’s door. The totalload on each axle must never exceed its GAWR.

Note: For trailer towing information refer to Trailer towing found inthis chapter or the RV and Trailer Towing Guide provided by yourauthorized dealer.

GVW (Gross Vehicle Weight) – is the Vehicle Curb Weight + cargo +passengers.

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GVWR (Gross Vehicle WeightRating) – is the maximumallowable weight of the fully loadedvehicle (including all options,equipment, passengers and cargo).The GVWR is shown on theSafety Compliance CertificationLabel located on the B-Pillar orthe edge of the driver’s door.The GVW must never exceed theGVWR.

Exceeding the Safety Compliance Certification Label vehicleweight rating limits could result in substandard vehicle handling

or performance, engine, transmission and/or structural damage, seriousdamage to the vehicle, loss of control and personal injury.

GCW (Gross Combined Weight) – is the weight of the loaded vehicle(GVW) plus the weight of the fully loaded trailer.GCWR (Gross Combined Weight Rating) – is the maximum allowableweight of the vehicle and the loaded trailer – including all cargo andpassengers – that the vehicle can handle without risking damage.(Important: The towing vehicles’ braking system is rated for operation atGVWR, not at GCWR. Separate functional brakes should be used for safecontrol of towed vehicles and for trailers where the GCW of the towingvehicle plus the trailer exceed the GVWR of the towing vehicle. TheGCW must never exceed the GCWR.

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Maximum Loaded Trailer Weight – is the highest possible weight of afully loaded trailer the vehicle can tow. It assumes a vehicle with onlymandatory options, no cargo (internal or external), a tongue load of10–15% (conventional trailer), and driver only (150 lb. [68 kg]). Consultyour authorized dealer (or the RV and Trailer Towing Guideprovided by your authorized dealer) for more detailedinformation.

Do not exceed the GVWR or the GAWR specified on the SafetyCompliance Certification Label.

Do not use replacement tires with lower load carrying capacitiesthan the original tires because they may lower the vehicle’s

GVWR and GAWR limitations. Replacement tires with a higher limitthan the original tires do not increase the GVWR and GAWRlimitations.

Exceeding any vehicle weight rating limitation could result inserious damage to the vehicle and/or personal injury.

Steps for determining the correct load limit:1. Locate the statement “The combined weight of occupants and cargoshould never exceed XXX kg or XXX lbs.” on your vehicle’s placard.2. Determine the combined weight of the driver and passengers that willbe riding in your vehicle.3. Subtract the combined weight of the driver and passengers fromXXX kg or XXX lbs.4. The resulting figure equals the available amount of cargo and luggageload capacity. For example, if the “XXX” amount equals 1,400 lbs. andthere will be five 150 lb. passengers in your vehicle, the amount ofavailable cargo and luggage load capacity is 650 lbs. (1400–750 (5 x 150)= 650 lb.). In metric units (635–340 (5 x 68) = 295 kg.)5. Determine the combined weight of luggage and cargo being loaded onthe vehicle. That weight may not safely exceed the available cargo andluggage load capacity calculated in Step 4.6. If your vehicle will be towing a trailer, load from your trailer will betransferred to your vehicle. Consult this manual to determine how thisreduces the available cargo and luggage load capacity of your vehicle.

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The following gives you a few examples on how to calculate the availableamount of cargo and luggage load capacity:• Another example for your vehicle with 1400 lb. (635 kg) of cargo and

luggage capacity. You decide to go golfing. Is there enough loadcapacity to carry you, 4 of your friends and all the golf bags? You andfour friends average 220 lb. (99 kg) each and the golf bags weighapproximately 30 lb. (13.5 kg) each. The calculation would be: 1400 -(5 x 220) - (5 x 30) = 1400 - 1100 - 150 = 150 lb. Yes, you haveenough load capacity in your vehicle to transport four friends andyour golf bags. In metric units, the calculation would be: 635 kg -(5 x 99 kg) - (5 x 13.5 kg) = 635 - 495 - 67.5 = 72.5 kg.

• A final example for your vehicle with 1400 lb. (635 kg) of cargo andluggage capacity. You and one of your friends decide to pick upcement from the local home improvement store to finish that patioyou have been planning for the past 2 years. Measuring the inside ofthe vehicle with the rear seat folded down, you have room for12-100 lb. (45 kg) bags of cement. Do you have enough load capacityto transport the cement to your home? If you and your friend eachweigh 220 lb. (99 kg), the calculation would be: 1400 - (2 x 220) -(12 x 100) = 1400 - 440 - 1200 = - 240 lb. No, you do not haveenough cargo capacity to carry that much weight. In metric units, thecalculation would be: 635 kg - (2 x 99 kg) - (12 x 45 kg) = 635 - 198 -540 = -103 kg. You will need to reduce the load weight by at least240 lb. (104 kg). If you remove 3-100 lb. (45 kg) cement bags, thenthe load calculation would be:1400 - (2 x 220) - (9 x 100) = 1400 - 440 - 900 = 60 lb. Now you havethe load capacity to transport the cement and your friend home. Inmetric units, the calculation would be: 635 kg - (2 x 99 kg) -(9 x 45 kg) = 635 - 198 - 405 = 32 kg.

The above calculations also assume that the loads are positioned in yourvehicle in a manner that does not overload the Front or the Rear GrossAxle Weight Rating specified for your vehicle on the Safety ComplianceCertification Label found on the edge of the driver’s door.

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TRAILER TOWINGRefer to the following chart to determine how much weight your vehiclecan tow:

Model Passengers/Luggageload - lb. (kg)

Maximum trailerweight - lb. (kg)

3–door 5/827 (375) 630 (286)4/677 (307) 780 (354)3/527 (239) 930 (422)2/377 (171) 1080 (490)1/227 (103) 1230 (558)

4–door and 5–door 5/827 (375) 585 (265)4/677 (307) 735 (333)3/527 (239) 885 (401)2/377 (171) 1035 (469)1/227 (103) 1185 (538)

Wagon 5/827 (375) 500 (227)4/677 (307) 650 (295)3/527 (239) 800 (363)2/377 (171) 950 (431)1/227 (103) 1100 (499)

This chart is based on the specified vehicle at a maximum GCW(Vehicle Weight + Trailer Weight) equal to 4,300 lb. (1,950 kg).

Towing a trailer places an additional load on your vehicle’s engine,transaxle, brakes, tires and suspension. Inspect these componentscarefully after towing.

Do not exceed the GVWR or the GAWR specified on thecertification label.

Towing trailers beyond the maximum recommended gross trailerweight exceeds the limit of the vehicle and could result in

engine damage, transaxle damage, structural damage, increased risk ofloss of vehicle control, vehicle rollover and/or serious personal injury.

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Preparing to towUse the proper equipment for towing a trailer and make sure it isproperly attached to your vehicle. See your authorized dealer or areliable trailer dealer if you require assistance.

HitchesDo not use hitches that clamp onto the vehicle bumper. Use a loadcarrying hitch. You must distribute the load in your trailer so that10–15% of the total weight of the trailer is on the tongue.

Safety chainsAlways connect the trailer’s safety chains to the frame or hook retainersof the vehicle hitch. To connect the trailer’s safety chains, cross thechains under the trailer tongue and allow slack for turning corners.If you use a rental trailer, follow the instructions that the rental agencygives to you.Do not attach safety chains to the bumper.

Trailer brakesElectric brakes and manual, automatic or surge-type trailer brakes are safeif installed properly and adjusted to the manufacturer’s specifications. Thetrailer brakes must meet local and Federal regulations.

Do not connect a trailer’s hydraulic brake system directly to yourvehicle’s brake system. Your vehicle may not have enough

braking power and your chances of having a collision greatly increase.

The braking system of the tow vehicle is rated for operation at theGVWR not GCWR.

Trailer lampsTrailer lamps are required on most towed vehicles. Make sure all runninglights, brake lights, turn signals and hazard lights are working. See yourauthorized dealer or trailer rental agency for proper instructions andequipment for hooking up trailer lamps.

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Driving while you towWhen towing a trailer:• Turn off the speed control. The speed control may shut off

automatically when you are towing on long, steep grades.• Consult your local motor vehicle speed regulations for towing a trailer.• To eliminate excessive shifting, use a lower gear. This will also assist

in transaxle cooling.• Anticipate stops and brake gradually.• Do not exceed the GCWR rating or transaxle damage may occur.

Servicing after towingIf you tow a trailer for long distances, your vehicle will require morefrequent service intervals. Refer to your Scheduled Maintenance Guidefor more information.

Trailer towing tips• Practice turning, stopping and backing up before starting on a trip to

get the feel of the vehicle trailer combination. When turning, makewider turns so the trailer wheels will clear curbs and other obstacles.

• Allow more distance for stopping with a trailer attached.• If you are driving down a long or steep hill, shift to a lower gear. Do

not apply the brakes continuously, as they may overheat and becomeless effective.

• The trailer tongue weight should be 10–15% of the loaded trailerweight.

• After you have traveled 50 miles (80 km), thoroughly check yourhitch, electrical connections and trailer wheel lug nuts.

• To aid in engine/transmission cooling and A/C efficiency during hotweather while stopped in traffic, place the gearshift lever in P (Park).

• Vehicles with trailers should not be parked on a grade. If you mustpark on a grade, place wheel chocks under the trailer’s wheels.

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RECREATIONAL TOWINGFollow these guidelines for your specific powertrain combination to towyour vehicle with all four wheels on the ground (such as behind arecreational vehicle).These guidelines are designed to ensure that your transmission is notdamaged due to insufficient lubrication.All Front Wheel Drive (FWD) vehicles:If your vehicle is equipped with an automatic transaxle, you cannot towthe vehicle with the front drive wheels on the ground. It is recommendedto tow your vehicle with the drive wheels on a dolly or two wheel carhauling trailer.In case of a roadside emergency with a disabled vehicle (without accessto wheel dollies, car hauling trailer or flatbed transport vehicle) yourvehicle can be flat towed (all wheels on the ground) under the followingconditions:• Place the transmission in N (Neutral).• Maximum speed is 35 mph (56 km/h).• Maximum distance is 50 miles (80 km).If your vehicle is equipped with a manual transaxle, and in the case of aroadside emergency with a disabled vehicle (without access to wheeldollies, car hauling trailer or flatbed transport vehicle) your vehicle canbe flat towed (all wheels on the ground) under the following conditions:• Place the transmission in N (Neutral).• Maximum distance is unlimited.

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STARTING

Positions of the ignition1. LOCK, locks the steering wheel,automatic transaxle gearshift leverand allows key removal.2. OFF, shuts the engine and allelectrical accessories off withoutlocking the steering wheel.3. ON, all electrical circuitsoperational. Warning lightsilluminated. Key position when driving.

4. START, cranks the engine. Release the key as soon as the enginestarts.

Preparing to start your vehicleEngine starting is controlled by the powertrain control system. Thissystem meets all Canadian Interference-Causing Equipment standardrequirements regulating the impulse electrical field strength of radionoise.When starting a fuel-injected engine, don’t press the accelerator beforeor during starting. Only use the accelerator when you have difficultystarting the engine. For more information on starting the vehicle, refer toStarting the engine in this chapter.

Extended idling at high engine speeds can produce very hightemperatures in the engine and exhaust system, creating the risk

of fire or other damage.

Do not park, idle, or drive your vehicle in dry grass or other dryground cover. The emission system heats up the engine

compartment and exhaust system, which can start a fire.

Do not start your vehicle in a closed garage or in other enclosedareas. Exhaust fumes can be toxic. Always open the garage door

before you start the engine. See Guarding against exhaust fumes inthis chapter for more instructions.

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If you smell exhaust fumes inside your vehicle, have your dealerinspect your vehicle immediately. Do not drive if you smell

exhaust fumes.

Important safety precautionsWhen the engine starts, the idle RPM runs faster to warm the engine. Ifthe engine idle speed does not slow down automatically, have the vehiclechecked.

Before starting the vehicle:

1. Make sure all occupants buckle their safety belts. For moreinformation on safety belts and their proper usage, refer to the Seatingand Safety Restraints chapter.

2. Make sure the headlamps and electrical accessories are off.

If starting a vehicle with an automatic transaxle:• Make sure the parking brake is

set.

• Make sure the gearshift is in P(Park).

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If starting a vehicle with a manualtransaxle:1. Make sure the parking brake isset.2. Push the clutch pedal to the floor.

• Turn the key to 3 (ON) withoutturning the key to 4 (START).

Some warning lights will briefly illuminate. See Warning lights andchimes in the Instrument Cluster chapter for more informationregarding the warning lights.

Starting the engine1. Turn the key to 3 (ON) withoutturning the key to 4 (START).2. Turn the key to 4 (START), thenrelease the key as soon as theengine starts. Excessive crankingcould damage the starter.

Note: If the engine does not start within five seconds on the first try,turn the key to OFF, wait 10 seconds and try again. If the engine stillfails to start, press the accelerator to the floor and try again; this willallow the engine to crank with the fuel shut off in case the engine isflooded with fuel.

Guarding against exhaust fumesCarbon monoxide is present in exhaust fumes. Take precautions to avoidits dangerous effects.

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If you smell exhaust fumes inside your vehicle, have your dealerinspect your vehicle immediately. Do not drive if you smell

exhaust fumes.

Important ventilating informationIf the engine is idling while the vehicle is stopped for a long period oftime, open the windows at least one inch (2.5 cm) or adjust the heatingor air conditioning to bring in fresh air.

ENGINE BLOCK HEATER (IF EQUIPPED)An engine block heater warms the engine coolant which aids in startingand heater/defroster performance. Use of an engine block heater isstrongly recommended if you live in a region where temperatures reach-10°F (-23°C) or below. For best results, plug the heater in at least threehours before starting the vehicle. The heater can be plugged in the nightbefore starting the vehicle.

To reduce the risk of electrical shock, do not use your heaterwith ungrounded electrical systems or two-pronged (cheater)

adapters.

BRAKESOccasional brake noise is normal. If a metal-to-metal, continuous grindingor continuous squeal sound is present, the brake linings may be worn-outand should be inspected by an authorized dealer. If the vehicle hascontinuous vibration or shudder in the steering wheel while braking, thevehicle should be inspected by an authorized dealer.Refer to Brake system warninglight in the Instrument Clusterchapter for information on the brakesystem warning light.

Under normal operating conditions, brake dust may accumulate on thewheels. Some brake dust is inevitable as brakes wear and does notcontribute to brake noise. The use of modern friction materials withemphasis on improved performance and environmental considerationscan lead to more dust than in the past. Brake dust can be cleaned byweekly washing with soapy water and a soft sponge. Heavier deposits canbe removed with Motorcraft Wheel and Tire Cleaner (ZC-37–A).

P!BRAKE

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Four-wheel anti-lock brake system (ABS) (if equipped)Your vehicle may be equipped with an Anti-lock Braking System (ABS).This system helps you maintain steering control during emergency stopsby keeping the brakes from locking. Noise from the ABS pump motorand brake pedal pulsation may be observed during ABS braking; anypulsation or mechanical noise you may feel or hear is normal.

Using ABSWhen hard braking is required, apply continuous force on the brakepedal; do not pump the brake pedal since this will reduce theeffectiveness of the ABS and will increase your vehicle’s stoppingdistance. The ABS will be activated immediately, allowing you to retainsteering control during hard braking and on slippery surfaces. However,the ABS does not decrease stopping distance.

ABS warning lampThe ABS lamp in the instrumentcluster momentarily illuminateswhen the ignition is turned on. Ifthe light does not illuminate duringstart up, remains on or flashes, theABS may be disabled and may need to be servicedEven when the ABS is disabled,normal braking is still effective. (Ifyour BRAKE warning lampilluminates with the parking brakereleased, have your brake systemserviced immediately.)

Parking brakeTo set the parking brake (1), pullthe parking brake handle up as faras possible.

ABS

P!BRAKE

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The BRAKE warning lamp willilluminate and will remainilluminated until the parking brakeis released.

To release, press and hold the button (2), pull the handle up slightly,then push the handle down.

Always set the parking brake fully and make sure that thegearshift is securely latched in P (Park) (automatic

transmission) or in 1 (First) (manual transmission).

If the parking brake is fully released, but the brake warning lampremains illuminated, the brakes may not be working properly.

See your authorized dealer as soon as possible.

TRACTION CONTROL$ (IF EQUIPPED)Your vehicle may be equipped with a Traction Control# system. Thissystem helps you maintain the stability and steerability of your vehicle,especially on slippery road surfaces such as snow- or ice-covered roadsand gravel roads. The system will allow your vehicle to make better useof available traction in these conditions.During Traction Control# operation,the traction control active light willilluminate, you may hear an electricmotor type of sound coming fromthe engine compartment and theengine will not “rev-up” when you push further on the accelerator. Thisis normal system behavior and should be no reason for concern.

At speeds below 53 mph (85 km/h), both the engine and the brakesystem will be used to control wheel spin; at speeds above 53 mph(85 km/h), only engine torque reduction is used. When the TractionControl# system is switched off, the braking system will still be used tocontrol wheel spin at speeds below 25 mph (40 km/h).

P!BRAKE

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The Traction Control# switch islocated on the center console, bythe gearshift lever. The TractionControl# system will automaticallyturn on every time the ignition isturned off and on.If you should become stuck in snowor ice or on a very slippery road surface, try switching the TractionControl# system off by pressing the switch. This may allow excess wheelspin to “dig” the vehicle out and enable a successful “rocking” maneuver.If you want to turn off the Traction Control# system be aware that, forsafety reasons, the switch must be pressed and held for at least onesecond before the system is turned off. To re-engage the TractionControl# system, the button must again be held for at least one second.If a system fault is detected, the traction control active light willilluminate, the Traction Control# button will not turn the system on oroff and your vehicle should be serviced by an authorized dealer.

STEERINGTo help prevent damage to the power steering system:• Never hold the steering wheel at its furthest turning points (until it

stops) for more than a few seconds when the engine is running.• Do not operate the vehicle with a low power steering fluid level

(below the MIN mark on the reservoir).• Some noise is normal during operation. If the noise is excessive, check

for a low power steering fluid level before seeking service by yourauthorized dealer.

• Heavy or uneven steering efforts may be caused by a low powersteering fluid level. Check for a low power steering fluid level beforeseeking service by your authorized dealer.

• Do not fill the power steering fluid reservoir above the MAX mark onthe reservoir, as this may result in leaks from the reservoir.

If the power steering system breaks down (or if the engine is turnedoff), you can steer the vehicle manually, but it takes more effort.If the steering wanders or pulls, check for:• an improperly inflated tire• uneven tire wear• loose or worn suspension components

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• loose or worn steering components

• improper steering alignment

A high crown in the road or high crosswinds may also make the steeringseem to wander/pull.

AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION OPERATION (IF EQUIPPED)

Brake-shift interlockThis vehicle is equipped with a brake-shift interlock feature that preventsthe gearshift lever from being moved from P (Park) when the ignition isin the ON position unless the brake pedal is depressed.

If you cannot move the gearshift lever out of P (Park) with ignition inthe ON position and the brake pedal depressed:

1. Apply the parking brake, turn ignition key to LOCK, then remove thekey.

When the key is in the ignition and in the OFF position, theautomatic transmission shift lever can be moved from the P

(Park) position without the brake pedal depressed. To avoid unwantedvehicle movement, always set the parking brake.

2. Using a screwdriver (or similartool), remove the protective coverto the interlock access hole on theconsole. Insert the key to releasethe interlock.

3. Apply the parking brake, then shift to N (Neutral).

4. Start the vehicle.

If it is necessary to use the above procedure to move the gearshift lever,it is possible that a fuse has blown or the vehicle’s brakelamps are notoperating properly. Refer to Fuses and relays in the RoadsideEmergencies chapter.

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Do not drive your vehicle until you verify that the brakelampsare working.

Always set the parking brake fully and make sure the gearshift islatched in P (Park). Turn the ignition to the LOCK position and

remove the key whenever you leave your vehicle.

If the parking brake is fully released, but the brake warning lampremains illuminated, the brakes may not be working properly.

See your authorized dealer.

Understanding the gearshift positions of the 4–speed automatictransaxleThis vehicle is equipped with an adaptive Transmission Shift Strategy.Adaptive Shift Strategy offers the optimal transmission operation andshift quality. When the vehicle’s battery has been disconnected for anytype of service or repair, the transmission will need to relearn the normalshift strategy parameters, much like having to reset your radio stationswhen your vehicle battery has been disconnected. The AdaptiveTransmission Strategy allows the transmission to relearn these operatingparameters. This learning process could take several transmissionupshifts and downshifts; during this learning process, slightly firmershifts may occur. After this learning process, normal shift feel and shiftscheduling will resume.

P (Park)This position locks the transaxle and prevents the front wheels fromturning.

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To put your vehicle in gear:• Start the engine• Depress the brake pedal• Move the gearshift lever into the desired gearTo put your vehicle in P (Park):• Come to a complete stop• Move the gearshift lever and securely latch it in P (Park)

Always set the parking brake fully and make sure the gearshift islatched in P (Park). Turn the ignition to the LOCK position and

remove the key whenever you leave your vehicle.

R (Reverse)With the gearshift lever in R (Reverse), the vehicle will move backward.Always come to a complete stop before shifting into and out of R(Reverse).N (Neutral)With the gearshift lever in N (Neutral), the vehicle can be started and isfree to roll. Hold the brake pedal down while in this position.D (Overdrive)The normal driving position for the best fuel economy; transaxle operatesin gears one through four. D (Overdrive) can be deactivated by pressingthe transaxle control switch on the end of the gearshift lever. This willilluminate the O/D OFF lamp and activate Drive.Drive (not shown)Drive is activated when the transaxle control switch is pressed.• This position allows for all forward gears except overdrive.• O/D OFF lamp is illuminated.• Provides engine braking.• Use when driving conditions cause excessive shifting from O/D to

other gears. Examples: city traffic, hilly terrain, heavy loads, trailertowing and when engine braking is required.

• To return to O/D (overdrive mode), press the transaxle control switch.The O/D OFF lamp will not be illuminated.

• O/D (Overdrive) is automatically returned each time the key is turnedoff.

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2 (Second)This position allows for second gear only.• Provides engine braking.• Use to start-up on slippery roads.• To return to D (Overdrive), move the gearshift lever into the D

(Overdrive) position.• Selecting 2 (Second) at higher speeds will cause the transaxle to

downshift to second gear at the appropriate vehicle speed.1 (First)• Provides maximum engine braking.• Allows upshifts by moving gearshift lever.• Will not downshift into 1 (First) at high speeds; allows for 1 (First)

when vehicle reaches slower speeds.

If your vehicle gets stuck in mud or snowIf your vehicle gets stuck in mud or snow, it may be rocked out byshifting between forward and reverse gears, stopping between shifts in asteady pattern. Press lightly on the accelerator in each gear.If necessary, try turning the Traction Control# system off. This will allowthe wheels to spin, which may help to free your stuck vehicle. For moreinformation, refer to Traction Control# (if equipped) in this chapter.Do not rock the vehicle if the engine is not at normal operatingtemperature or damage to the transmission may occur.Do not rock the vehicle for more than a minute or damage to thetransmission and tires may occur, or the engine may overheat.

MANUAL TRANSMISSION OPERATION (IF EQUIPPED)

Using the clutchThe manual transaxle has a starter interlock that prevents cranking theengine unless the clutch pedal is fully depressed.

1 3 5

2 4 R

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To start the vehicle:1. Make sure the parking brake is fully set.2. Press the clutch pedal to the floor, then put the gearshift lever in theneutral position.3. Start the engine.4. Press the brake pedal and move the gearshift lever to the desiredgear; 1 (First) or R (Reverse).5. Release the parking brake, then slowly release the clutch pedal whileslowly pressing on the accelerator.During each shift, the clutch pedal must be fully depressed to the floor.Make sure the floor mat is properly positioned so it doesn’t interfere withthe full extension of the clutch pedal.Failure to fully depress the clutch pedal to the floor may causeincreased shift efforts, prematurely wear transaxle componentsor damage the transaxle.Do not drive with your foot resting on the clutch pedal or use theclutch pedal to hold your vehicle at a standstill while waiting on ahill. These actions will reduce the life of the clutch.

Recommended shift speedsDo not downshift into 1 (First) when your vehicle is movingfaster than 15 mph (24 km/h). This will damage the clutch.Upshift according to the following chart:

Recommended upshifts (for best fuel economy) whenaccelerating

5-speed manual transaxleShift from:

1 - 2 14 mph (23 km/h)2 - 3 24 mph (39 km/h)3 - 4 32 mph (51 km/h)4 - 5 44 mph (71 km/h)

Reverse1. Make sure that your vehicle is at a complete stop before you shift intoR (Reverse). Failure to do so may damage the transmission.2. Hold the clutch pedal down and move the gearshift lever into theneutral position. Wait at least three seconds before shifting into R(Reverse).

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• The gearshift lever can only be moved into R (Reverse) by moving itfrom left of 3 (Third) and 4 (Fourth) before shifting into R (Reverse).This is a lockout feature that protects the transmission fromaccidentally being shifted into R (Reverse) from 5 (Fifth).

If R (Reverse) is not fully engaged, press the clutch pedal down andreturn the gearshift to the neutral position. Release the clutch pedal fora moment, then press it down and shift to R (Reverse) again.

Parking your vehicle1. Apply the brake and shift into the neutral position.2. Fully apply the parking brake, then shift into 1 (First).3. Turn the ignition off.

Do not park your vehicle in Neutral, it may move unexpectedlyand injure someone. Use 1 (First) gear and set the parking brake

fully.

Removing the keyTurn the ignition to position 1 (LOCK) and remove the key.

DRIVING THROUGH WATERIf driving through deep or standingwater is unavoidable, proceed veryslowly especially when the depth isnot known. Never drive throughwater that is higher than the bottomof the wheel rims (for cars) or thebottom of the hubs (for trucks).

When driving through water, traction or brake capability may be limited.Also, water may enter your engine’s air intake and severely damage yourengine or your vehicle may stall. Driving through deep water wherethe transmission vent tube is submerged may allow water into thetransmission and cause internal transmission damage.Once through the water, always dry the brakes by moving yourvehicle slowly while applying light pressure on the brake pedal.Wet brakes do not stop the vehicle as quickly as dry brakes.

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ROADSIDE ASSISTANCE

Getting roadside assistanceTo fully assist you should you have a vehicle concern, Ford MotorCompany offers a complimentary roadside assistance program. Thisprogram is separate from the New Vehicle Limited Warranty. The serviceis available:• 24–hours, seven days a week• for the period of five years or 60,000 miles (100,000 km), whichever

occurs first on Ford and Mercury vehicles, and six years or70,000 miles (110,000 km) on Lincoln vehicles.

Roadside assistance will cover:• a flat tire change with a good spare (except Ford GT which has a tire

inflation kit)• battery jump start• lock-out assistance (key replacement cost is the customer’s

responsibility)• fuel delivery – Independent Service Contractors, if not prohibited by

state, local or municipal law shall deliver up to 2.0 gallons (7.5L) ofgasoline or 5 gallons (18.9L) of diesel fuel to a disabled vehicle. Fueldelivery service is limited to two no-charge occurrences within a12-month period.

• winch out – available within 100 feet (30.5 meters) of a paved orcounty maintained road, no recoveries.

• towing – Ford/Mercury/Lincoln eligible vehicle towed to an authorizeddealer within 35 miles (56.3 km) of the disablement location or to thenearest authorized dealer. If a member requests to be towed to anauthorized dealer more than 35 miles (56.3 km) from the disablementlocation, the member shall be responsible for any mileage costs inexcess of 35 miles (56.3 km).

Trailers shall be covered up to $100 if the disabled eligible vehiclerequires service at the nearest authorized dealer. If the trailer is disabled,but the towing vehicle is operational, the trailer does not qualify for anyroadside services.Canadian customers refer to your Customer Information Guidefor information on:• coverage period• exact fuel amounts

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• towing of your disabled vehicle• emergency travel expense reimbursem*nt• travel planning benefits

Using roadside assistanceComplete the roadside assistance identification card and place it in yourwallet for quick reference. In the United States, this card is found in theOwner Guide portfolio in the glove compartment. In Canada, the card isfound in the Customer Information Guide in the glove compartment.U.S. Ford or Mercury vehicle customers who require roadside assistance,call 1–800–241–3673; Lincoln vehicle customers call 1–800–521–4140.Canadian customers who require roadside assistance, call 1–800–665–2006.If you need to arrange roadside assistance for yourself, Ford MotorCompany will reimburse a reasonable amount. To obtain reimbursem*ntinformation, U.S. Ford or Mercury vehicles customers call 1–800–241–3673;Lincoln vehicle customers call 1–800–521–4140.Canadian customers who need to obtain reimbursem*nt information, call1–800–665–2006.

Roadside coverage beyond basic warrantyIn the United States, you may purchase additional roadside assistancecoverage beyond this period through the Ford Auto Club by contactingyour authorized dealer.Similarly in Canada, for uninterrupted Roadside Assistance coverage, youmay purchase extended coverage prior to your Basic Warranty’s RoadsideAssistance expiring. For more information and enrollment, contact1–877–294–2582 or visit our website at www.ford.ca.

HAZARD FLASHER CONTROLThe hazard flasher is locatedbetween the center air registersabove the radio. The hazard flasherswill operate whether the ignition isoff or on.Push in the flasher control and allfront and rear direction signals will flash. Press the flasher control againto turn them off. Use it when your vehicle is disabled and is creating asafety hazard for other motorists.Note: With extended use, the flasher may run down your battery.

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FUEL PUMP SHUT-OFF SWITCHThis device stops the electric fuel pump from sending fuel to the enginewhen your vehicle has had a substantial jolt.

After an accident, if the engine cranks but does not start, this switchmay have been activated.This switch is located in the frontpassenger’s footwell, behind the kickpanel access cover.To reset the switch:1. Turn the ignition OFF.2. Check the fuel system for leaks.3. If no leaks are apparent, reset theswitch by pushing in on the resetbutton.

4. Turn the ignition ON.

5. Wait a few seconds and return the key to OFF.

6. Make another check for leaks.

FUSES AND RELAYS

FusesIf electrical components in thevehicle are not working, a fuse mayhave blown. Blown fuses areidentified by a broken wire withinthe fuse. Check the appropriatefuses before replacing any electricalcomponents.

Note: Always replace a fuse with one that has the specified amperagerating. Using a fuse with a higher amperage rating can cause severe wiredamage and could start a fire.

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Standard fuse amperage rating and color

COLOR

Fuserating

Minifuses

Standardfuses

Maxifuses

Cartridgemaxifuses

Fuse linkcartridge

2A Grey Grey — — —3A Violet Violet — — —4A Pink Pink — — —5A Tan Tan — — —

7.5A Brown Brown — — —10A Red Red — — —15A Blue Blue — — —20A Yellow Yellow Yellow Blue Blue25A Natural Natural — — —30A Green Green Green Pink Pink40A — — Orange Green Green50A — — Red Red Red60A — — Blue Yellow Yellow70A — — Tan — Brown80A — — Natural Black Black

Passenger compartment fuse panelThe fuse panel is located below and to the left of the steering wheel bythe brake pedal. Remove the CD stowage box to access the fuses.

To remove a fuse, use the fuse puller tool provided on the powerdistribution box cover located in the engine compartment.

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The fuses are coded as follows.

Fuse/RelayLocation

Fuse AmpRating

Passenger Compartment FusePanel Description

R17 — Starter relayR18 — Not usedR19 — Not usedR20 — Not usedR21 — Daytime running lampsR22 — Not usedR23 — Not usedR24 — Not usedR25 — Rear defrost/Heated mirror relay30 10A Parking lamps31 20A Radio32 15A Turn signal (GEM)

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Fuse/RelayLocation

Fuse AmpRating

Passenger Compartment FusePanel Description

33 20A Sunroof34 20A Horn35 7.5A A/C switch, Instrument cluster36 7.5A Interior lamps, Power mirrors37 — Not used38 — Not used39 2A PCM relay coil40 25A Rear defroster41 — Not used42 10A Stop lamps, Shift interlock43 15A Rear wiper, Sunroof (ignition)44 15A Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)45 7.5A Recirculated air, Air conditioning46 — Not used47 20A Cigar lighter/Power point48 10A Data link connector49 7.5A Heated mirror, Heated backlite

indicator50 10A Back- up lamps (automatic

transaxle only)51 7.5A Front passenger sensing system52 15A Heated seats53 10A Back-up lamps (manual transaxle

only), Speed control54 25A Rear power windows55 25A Front power windows56 20A Front wipers57 7.5A Radio and cluster (accessory)58 — Not used59 7.5A Light switch (headlamps)60 7.5A Air bag module

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Fuse/RelayLocation

Fuse AmpRating

Passenger Compartment FusePanel Description

61 7.5A PATS modules, Instrument cluster62 7.5A Radio (Start)63 20A Power locks (GEM)

Note: Fuse 63 is located on the back of the fuse panel. See yourauthorized dealer for service of this fuse.

Power distribution boxThe power distribution box is located in the engine compartment. Thepower distribution box contains high-current fuses that protect yourvehicle’s main electrical systems from overloads.

Always disconnect the battery before servicing high currentfuses.

To reduce risk of electrical shock, always replace the cover tothe Power Distribution Box before reconnecting the battery or

refilling fluid reservoirs.

If the battery has been disconnected and reconnected, refer to theBattery section of the Maintenance and Specifications chapter.

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To remove a fuse, use the fuse puller tool provided on the powerdistribution box cover.

The high-current fuses are coded as follows:

Fuse/RelayLocation

Fuse AmpRating

Power Distribution BoxDescription

1 40A Main power supply (to passengercompartment fuse panel)

2 — Not used3 — Not used4 30A Air pump motor (PZEV engine

only)5 30A Anti-lock Brake System (ABS)

(pumps)6 50A Engine cooling fan (Primary fuse)7 40A Main power supply (to passenger

compartment fuse panel)8 30A Ignition switch, Starter solenoid9 20A Engine management

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Fuse/RelayLocation

Fuse AmpRating

Power Distribution BoxDescription

10 1A Battery voltage sense11 30A Subwoofer12 15A Fuel pump motor13 20A Anti-lock Brake System (ABS)

(valves)14 — Not used15 — Not used16 10A Low beam (left-hand side)17 10A Low beam (right-hand side)18 15A Heated Exhaust Gas Oxygen

(HEGO) sensors19 40A Heater blower motor20 10A Engine module (KAP)21 10A A/C22 20A Low beams23 15A High beams, Fog lamps24 — Not used25 — Not used26 — Not used27 — Not used28 — Not used29 10A ABS module, Speed controlR1 — Ignition relayR2 — High beam relay, Fog lamps relayR3 — Cooling fan (high-speed)R4 — Cooling fan (low-speed)R5 — A/C relayR6 — Low beams relayR7 — Fuel pump relayR8 — Engine management relayR9 — Cooling fan relay

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Fuse/RelayLocation

Fuse AmpRating

Power Distribution BoxDescription

R10 — Cooling fan relayR11 — Not usedR12 — Not usedR13 — Not usedR14 — Not usedR15 — Air pump motor relayR16 — Not usedD1 — Not usedD2 — Not usedD3 — A/C clutch diodeD4 — Not used

CHANGING A FLAT TIREIf you get a flat tire while driving:• do not brake heavily.• gradually decrease the vehicle’s speed.• hold the steering wheel firmly.• slowly move to a safe place on the side of the road.

The use of tire sealants may damage your tires.

Dissimilar spare tire/wheel information

Failure to follow these guidelines could result in an increasedrisk of loss of vehicle control, injury or death.

If you have a dissimilar spare tire/wheel, then it is intended fortemporary use only. This means that if you need to use it, you shouldreplace it as soon as possible with a road tire/wheel that is the same sizeand type as the road tires and wheels that were originally provided byFord. If the dissimilar spare tire or wheel is damaged, it should bereplaced rather than repaired.

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A dissimilar spare tire/wheel is defined as a spare tire and/or wheel thatis different in brand, size or appearance from the road tires and wheelsand can be one of three types:1. T-type mini-spare: This spare tire begins with the letter “T” for tiresize and may have “Temporary Use Only” molded in the sidewall2. Full-size dissimilar spare with label on wheel: This spare tire hasa label on the wheel that states: “THIS TIRE AND WHEEL FORTEMPORARY USE ONLY”When driving with one of the dissimilar spare tires listed above, do not:• Exceed 50 mph (80 km/h)• Load the vehicle beyond maximum vehicle load rating listed on the

Safety Compliance Label• Tow a trailer• Use snow chains on the end of the vehicle with the dissimilar spare tire• Use more than one dissimilar spare tire at a time• Use commercial car washing equipment• Try to repair the dissimilar spare tireUse of one of the dissimilar spare tires listed above at any one wheellocation can lead to impairment of the following:• Handling, stability and braking performance• Comfort and noise• Ground clearance and parking at curbs• Winter weather driving capability• Wet weather driving capabilityFor vehicles equipped with 4WD, it is not recommended that the vehiclebe operated in 4WD modes with a temporary emergency spare tire. If4WD operation is necessary, do not operate above speeds of 10 mph(16 km/h) or for distances above 50 miles (80 km).3. Full-size dissimilar spare without label on wheelWhen driving with the full-size dissimilar spare tire/wheel, do not:• Exceed 70 mph (113 km/h)• Use more than one dissimilar spare tire/wheel at a time• Use commercial car washing equipment• Use snow chains on the end of the vehicle with the dissimilar spare

tire/wheel

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The usage of a full-size dissimilar spare tire/wheel can lead toimpairment of the following:• Handling, stability and braking performance• Comfort and noise• Ground clearance and parking at curbs• Winter weather driving capability• Wet weather driving capability• All-Wheel driving capability (if applicable)• Load leveling adjustment (if applicable)When driving with the full-size dissimilar spare tire/wheel additionalcaution should be given to:• Towing a trailer• Driving vehicles equipped with a camper body• Driving vehicles with a load on the cargo rackDrive cautiously when using a full-size dissimilar spare tire/wheel andseek service as soon as possible.

Tire change procedure1. Park on a level surface, activatehazard flashers and set the parkingbrake.

When one of the front wheels is off the ground, the transaxlealone will not prevent the vehicle from moving or slipping off the

jack, even if the vehicle is in P (Park) (automatic transaxle) or R(Reverse) (manual transaxle).

To help prevent the vehicle from moving when you change a tire,be sure the parking brake is set, then block (in both directions)

the wheel that is diagonally opposite (other side and end of thevehicle) to the tire being changed.

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If the vehicle slips off the jack, you or someone else could beseriously injured.

2. Place gearshift lever in P (Park) (automatic transaxle) or R (Reverse)(manual transaxle), turn engine OFF, and block the diagonally oppositewheel.3. Remove the spare tire and jack byturning their tie-down boltscounterclockwise. The lug wrench islocated in a bag next to the sparetire (3–door and 5–door models) oron top of the spare tire (sedan andwagon models).

4. On 3–door models, unsnap andremove the access door (ifequipped) to access the properjacking points.

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5. If equipped with a 6–spoke wheelcover that’s bolted on, remove thefour plastic nuts by turningcounterclockwise 1/4 turn for accessto the lug nuts.Note: To avoid damage to the wheelcover, the 6–spoke wheel covercannot be removed until the tire isoff the vehicle.

6. Loosen each wheel lug nutone-half turn counterclockwise butdo not remove them until the wheelis raised off the ground.

7. The vehicle jacking points aredepicted on the yellow warning labelon the jack shown here. Dependingon which tire is to be changed,locate the jack at the half-mooncutout located approximatelysix inches (15 cm) from the frontwheel opening (1) or approximately15 inches (38 cm) from the rearwheel opening (2).Jack at the specified locationsto avoid damage to the vehicle.

8. Remove the lug nuts with the lug wrench.9. Replace the flat tire with the spare tire, making sure the valve stem isfacing outward. Reinstall the lug nuts until the wheel is snug against thehub. Do not fully tighten the lug nuts until the wheel has been lowered.10. Lower the wheel by turning the jack handle counterclockwise.

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11. Remove the jack and fullytighten the lug nuts in the ordershown. Refer to Wheel lug nuttorque specifications later in thischapter for the proper lug nuttorque specification.12. Put flat tire, jack and lug wrenchaway. Make sure the jack is fastenedso it does not rattle when you drive.Unblock the wheels.

WHEEL LUG NUT TORQUE SPECIFICATIONSRetighten the lug nuts to the specified torque at 500 miles (800 km)after any wheel disturbance (tire rotation, changing a flat tire, wheelremoval, etc.).

Bolt size Wheel lug nut torque*lb.ft. N•m

M12 x 1.5 100 133* Torque specifications are for nut and bolt threads free of dirt andrust. Use only Ford recommended replacement fasteners.

When a wheel is installed, always remove any corrosion, dirt orforeign materials present on the mounting surfaces of the wheel

or the surface of the wheel hub, brake drum or brake disc thatcontacts the wheel. Ensure that any fasteners that attach the rotor tothe hub are secured so they do not interfere with the mountingsurfaces of the wheel. Installing wheels without correct metal-to-metalcontact at the wheel mounting surfaces can cause the wheel nuts toloosen and the wheel to come off while the vehicle is in motion,resulting in loss of control.

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JUMP STARTING

The gases around the battery can explode if exposed to flames,sparks, or lit cigarettes. An explosion could result in injury or

vehicle damage.

Batteries contain sulfuric acid which can burn skin, eyes andclothing, if contacted.

Do not attempt to push-start your automatic transmissionvehicle. Automatic transmissions do not have push-startcapability. Attempting to push-start a vehicle with an automatictransmission may cause transmission damage.

Preparing your vehicleWhen the battery is disconnected or a new battery is installed, theautomatic transmission must relearn its shift strategy. As a result, thetransmission may have firm and/or soft shifts. This operation isconsidered normal and will not affect function or durability of thetransmission. Over time, the adaptive learning process will fully updatetransmission operation.

1. Use only a 12–volt supply to start your vehicle.

2. Do not disconnect the battery of the disabled vehicle as this coulddamage the vehicle’s electrical system.

3. Park the booster vehicle close to the hood of the disabled vehiclemaking sure the two vehicles do not touch. Set the parking brake onboth vehicles and stay clear of the engine cooling fan and other movingparts.

4. Check all battery terminals and remove any excessive corrosion beforeyou attach the battery cables. Ensure that vent caps are tight and level.

5. Turn the heater fan on in both vehicles to protect from any electricalsurges. Turn all other accessories off.

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Connecting the jumper cables

1. Connect the positive (+) jumper cable to the positive (+) terminal ofthe discharged battery.

Note: In the illustrations, lightning bolts are used to designate theassisting (boosting) battery.

2. Connect the other end of the positive (+) cable to the positive (+)terminal of the assisting battery.

+–

+–

+–+–

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3. Connect the negative (-) cable to the negative (-) terminal of theassisting battery.

4. Make the final connection of the negative (-) cable to an exposedmetal part of the stalled vehicle’s engine, away from the battery and thecarburetor/fuel injection system. Do not use fuel lines, engine rockercovers or the intake manifold as grounding points.

Do not connect the end of the second cable to the negative (-)terminal of the battery to be jumped. A spark may cause an

explosion of the gases that surround the battery.

5. Ensure that the cables are clear of fan blades, belts, moving parts ofboth engines, or any fuel delivery system parts.

+–

+–

+–

+–

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Jump starting

1. Start the engine of the booster vehicle and run the engine atmoderately increased speed.

2. Start the engine of the disabled vehicle.

3. Once the disabled vehicle has been started, run both engines for anadditional three minutes before disconnecting the jumper cables.

Removing the jumper cables

Remove the jumper cables in the reverse order that they wereconnected.

1. Remove the jumper cable from the ground metal surface.

Note: In the illustrations, lightning bolts are used to designate theassisting (boosting) battery.

2. Remove the jumper cable on the negative (-) connection of thebooster vehicle’s battery.

+–

+–

+–

+–

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3. Remove the jumper cable from the positive (+) terminal of the boostervehicle’s battery.

4. Remove the jumper cable from the positive (+) terminal of thedisabled vehicle’s battery.

After the disabled vehicle has been started and the jumper cablesremoved, allow it to idle for several minutes so the engine computer canrelearn its idle conditions.

+–

+–

+–

+–

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WRECKER TOWING

If you need to have your vehicle towed, contact a professional towingservice or, if you are a member of a roadside assistance program, yourroadside assistance service provider.It is recommended that your vehicle be towed with a wheel lift or flatbedequipment. Do not tow with a slingbelt. Ford Motor Company has notapproved a slingbelt towing procedure.If your vehicle is to be towed from the rear using wheel lift equipment,the front wheels (drive wheels) must be placed on a dolly to preventdamage to the transmission.If the vehicle is towed by other means or incorrectly, vehicledamage may occur.Ford Motor Company produces a towing manual for all authorized towtruck operators. Have your tow truck operator refer to this manual forproper hook-up and towing procedures for your vehicle.

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GETTING THE SERVICES YOU NEED

At homeYou must take your Ford vehicle to an authorized dealer for warrantyrepairs. While any authorized dealer handling your vehicle line willprovide warranty service, we recommend you return to your sellingauthorized dealer who wants to ensure your continued satisfaction.Please note that certain warranty repairs require special training and/orequipment, so not all authorized dealers are authorized to perform allwarranty repairs. This means that, depending on the warranty repairneeded, you may have to take your vehicle to another authorized dealer.A reasonable time must be allowed to perform a repair after taking yourvehicle to the authorized dealer. Repairs will be made using Ford orMotorcraft parts, or remanufactured or other parts that are authorized byFord.If you have questions or concerns, or are unsatisfied with the service youare receiving, follow these steps:1. Contact your Sales Representative or Service Advisor at yourselling/servicing authorized dealer.2. If your inquiry or concern remains unresolved, contact the SalesManager, Service Manager or Customer Relations Manager.3. If you require assistance or clarification on Ford Motor Companypolicies or procedures, please contact the Ford Customer RelationshipCenter at 1-800-392-3673 (FORD).

Away from homeIf you own a Ford or Mercury vehicle and are away from home whenyour vehicle needs service, or if you need more help than the authorizeddealer could provide, after following the steps described above, contactthe Ford Customer Relationship Center to find an authorized dealer tohelp you.In the United States:Ford Motor CompanyCustomer Relationship CenterP.O. Box 6248Dearborn, MI 481211-800-392-3673 (FORD)(TDD for the hearing impaired: 1-800-232-5952)www.customersaskford.com

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In Canada:Customer Relationship CentreFord Motor Company of Canada, LimitedP.O. Box 2000Oakville, Ontario L6J 5E41-800-565-3673 (FORD)www.ford.caIf you own a Lincoln vehicle and are away from home when your vehicleneeds service, or if you need more help than the authorized dealer couldprovide, after following the steps described above, contact the FordCustomer Relationship Center to find an authorized dealer to help you.In the United States:Ford Motor CompanyCustomer Relationship CenterP.O. Box 6248Dearborn, MI 481211-800-521-4140(TDD for the hearing impaired: 1-800-232-5952)www.customersaskford.comIn Canada:Lincoln CentreFord Motor Company of Canada, LimitedP.O. Box 2000Oakville, Ontario L6J 5E41-800-387-9333www.lincolncanada.comIn order to help you service your Lincoln vehicle, please have thefollowing information available when contacting the Lincoln Centre:• Your telephone number (home and business)• The name of the authorized dealer and the city where the authorized

dealer is located• The year and make of your vehicle• The date of vehicle purchase• The current odometer reading• The vehicle identification number (VIN)

Additional AssistanceIf you still have a complaint involving a warranty dispute, you may wish tocontact the Better Business Bureau (BBB) AUTO LINE program (U.S. only).

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In some states (in the U.S.) you must directly notify Ford in writingbefore pursuing remedies under your state’s warranty laws. Ford is alsoallowed a final repair attempt in some states.In the United States, a warranty dispute must be submitted to the BBBAUTO LINE before taking action under the Magnuson-Moss WarrantyAct, or to the extent allowed by state law, before pursuing replacementor repurchase remedies provided by certain state laws. This disputehandling procedure is not required prior to enforcing state created rightsor other rights which are independent of the Magnuson-Moss WarrantyAct or state replacement or repurchase laws.

IN CALIFORNIA (U.S. ONLY)California Civil Code Section 1793.2(d) requires that, if a manufactureror its representative is unable to repair a motor vehicle to conform to thevehicle’s applicable express warranty after a reasonable number ofattempts, the manufacturer shall be required to either replace thevehicle with one substantially identical or repurchase the vehicle andreimburse the buyer in an amount equal to the actual price paid orpayable by the consumer (less a reasonable allowance for consumeruse). The consumer has the right to choose whether to receive a refundor replacement vehicle.California Civil Code Section 1793.22(b) presumes that the manufacturerhas had a reasonable number of attempts to conform the vehicle to itsapplicable express warranties if, within the first 18 months of ownership ofa new vehicle or the first 18,000 miles (29,000 km), whichever occurs first:1. Two or more repair attempts are made on the same non-conformitylikely to cause death or serious bodily injury OR2. Four or more repair attempts are made on the same nonconformity (adefect or condition that substantially impairs the use, value or safety ofthe vehicle) OR3. The vehicle is out of service for repair of nonconformities for a total ofmore than 30 calendar days (not necessarily all at one time)In the case of 1 or 2 above, the consumer must also notify themanufacturer of the need for the repair of the nonconformity at thefollowing address:Ford Motor Company16800 Executive Plaza DriveMail Drop 3NE-BDearborn, MI 48126

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THE BETTER BUSINESS BUREAU (BBB) AUTO LINE PROGRAM(U.S. ONLY)Your satisfaction is important to Ford Motor Company and to your dealer.Experience has shown that our customers have been very successful inachieving satisfaction by following the three-step procedure outlined onthe front page of the Warranty Guide. However, if your warranty concernhas not been resolved using the three-step procedure, you may beeligible to participate in the BBB AUTO LINE program.The BBB AUTO LINE program consists of two parts – mediation andarbitration. Initially, the BBB will try to resolve your question or concernthrough mediation. Mediation is a process through which arepresentative of the BBB will contact the parties and explore optionsfor settlement of your claim. If mediation is not successful, customerswith eligible claims may participate in the BBB AUTO LINE arbitrationprocess. An arbitration hearing will be scheduled so that you can presentyour case in an informal setting before an impartial person. Thearbitrator will consider the testimony provided and make a decision afterthe hearing. You are not bound by the decision but may choose to acceptit. If you choose to accept the BBB AUTO LINE decision then Ford mustabide by the accepted decision as well. If the arbitrator has decided inyour favor and you accept the decision, the BBB AUTO LINE programwill contact you to ensure that Ford has complied with the decision in atimely manner. Disputes submitted to the BBB AUTO LINE program areusually decided within forty days after you file your claim with the BBB.To initiate a claim with the BBB AUTO LINE, you will be asked for yourname and address, general information about your new vehicle,information about your warranty concerns and any steps you havealready taken to try to resolve them. You will then be mailed a CustomerClaim Form that you will need to complete, provide proof of vehicleownership, sign and return the Customer Claim Form to the BBB. Uponreceipt, the BBB will review the claim for eligibility under the ProgramSummary Guidelines.You can get more information by calling BBB AUTO LINE at1–800–955–5100, or writing to:BBB AUTO LINE4200 Wilson Boulevard, Suite 800Arlington, Virginia 22203–1833Note: Ford Motor Company reserves the right to change eligibilitylimitations, modify procedures, or to discontinue this process at any timewithout notice and without obligation.

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UTILIZING THE MEDIATION/ARBITRATION PROGRAM(CANADA ONLY)For vehicles delivered to authorized Canadian dealers. In those caseswhere you continue to feel that the efforts by Ford of Canada and theauthorized dealer to resolve a factory-related vehicle service concernhave been unsatisfactory, Ford of Canada participates in an impartialthird party mediation/arbitration program administered by the CanadianMotor Vehicle Arbitration Plan (CAMVAP).The CAMVAP program is a straight-forward and relatively speedyalternative to resolve a disagreement when all other efforts to produce asettlement have failed. This procedure is without cost to you and isdesigned to eliminate the need for lengthy and expensive legalproceedings.In the CAMVAP program, impartial third-party arbitrators conducthearings at mutually convenient times and places in an informalenvironment. These impartial arbitrators review the positions of theparties, make decisions and, when appropriate, render awards to resolvedisputes. CAMVAP decisions are fast, fair, and final as the arbitrator’saward is binding both to you and Ford of Canada.CAMVAP services are available in all territories and provinces. For moreinformation, without charge or obligation, call your CAMVAP ProvincialAdministrator directly at 1-800-207-0685.

FORD EXTENDED SERVICE PLANYou can get more protection for your new car or light truck bypurchasing Ford Extended Service Plan (Ford ESP) coverage. It providesthe following:• Benefits during the warranty period depending on the plan you

purchase (such as: reimbursem*nt for rentals; coverage for certainmaintenance and wear items).

• Protection against covered repair costs after your Bumper-to-BumperWarranty expires.

You may purchase Ford ESP from any participating authorized dealer.There are several plans available in various time, distance and deductiblecombinations which can be tailored to fit your own driving needs. FordESP also offers reimbursem*nt benefits for towing and rental coverage.When you buy Ford ESP, you receive Peace-of-Mind protectionthroughout the United States and Canada, provided by a network ofmore than 4,600 participating authorized dealers.

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If you did not take advantage of the Ford Extended Service Plan at thetime of purchasing your vehicle, you may still be eligible. Since thisinformation is subject to change, please ask your authorized dealer forcomplete details about Ford Extended Service Plan coverage options, orvisit the Ford ESP website at www.ford-esp.com.

GETTING ASSISTANCE OUTSIDE THE U.S. AND CANADABefore exporting your vehicle to a foreign country, contact theappropriate foreign embassy or consulate. These officials can inform youof local vehicle registration regulations and where to find unleaded fuel.If you cannot find unleaded fuel or can only get fuel with an anti-knockindex lower than is recommended for your vehicle, contact a regionaloffice or owner relations/customer relationship office.The use of leaded fuel in your vehicle without proper conversion maydamage the effectiveness of your emission control system and may causeengine knocking or serious engine damage. Ford Motor Company/Ford ofCanada is not responsible for any damage caused by use of improperfuel. Using leaded fuel may also result in difficulty importing your vehicleback into the U.S.If your vehicle must be serviced while you are traveling or living inCentral America, the Caribbean, or the Middle East, contact the nearestauthorized dealer. If the authorized dealer cannot help you, write or call:FORD MOTOR COMPANYFORD EXPORT OPERATIONS1555 Fairlane DriveFairlane Business Park #3Allen Park, Michigan 48101U.S.A.Telephone: (313) 594-4857FAX: (313) 390-0804If you are in another foreign country, contact the nearest authorizeddealer. If the authorized dealer employees cannot help you, they candirect you to the nearest Ford affiliate office.If you buy your vehicle in North America and then relocate outside ofthe U.S. or Canada, register your vehicle identification number (VIN) andnew address with Ford Motor Company Export Operations.Customers in the U.S. should call 1–800–392–3673.

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ORDERING ADDITIONAL OWNER’S LITERATURETo order the publications in this portfolio, contact Helm, Incorporated at:HELM, INCORPORATEDP.O. Box 07150Detroit, Michigan 48207Or call:For a free publication catalog, order toll free: 1-800-782-4356Monday-Friday 8:00 a.m. - 6:00 p.m. ESTHelm, Incorporated can also be reached by their website:www.helminc.com.(Items in this catalog may be purchased by credit card, check ormoney order.)

Obtaining a French owner’s guideFrench Owner’s Guides can be obtained from your authorized dealer orby writing to:Ford Motor Company of Canada, LimitedService Publications CHQ202The Canadian RoadP.O. Box 2000Oakville, ON, CanadaL6J 5E4

REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS (U.S. ONLY)If you believe that your vehicle hasa defect which could cause a crashor could cause injury or death, youshould immediately inform theNational Highway Traffic SafetyAdministration (NHTSA) in addition to notifying Ford Motor Company.If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, andif it finds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order arecall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involvedin individual problems between you, your dealer, or Ford MotorCompany.

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To contact NHTSA, you may call the Vehicle Safety Hotline toll-free at1–888–327–4236 (TTY: 1–800–424–9153); go to http://www.safercar.gov;or write to:AdministratorNHTSA400 Seventh Street, SWWashington, D.C. 20590You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety fromhttp://www.safercar.gov.

REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS (CANADA ONLY)If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could cause a crash orcould cause injury or death, you should immediately inform TransportCanada, using their toll-free number: 1–800–333–0510.

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WASHING THE EXTERIORWash your vehicle regularly with cool or lukewarm water and a neutralpH shampoo, such as Motorcraft Detail Wash (ZC-3-A), which is availablefrom your authorized dealer.• Never use strong household detergents or soap, such as dish washing

or laundry liquid. These products can discolor and spot paintedsurfaces.

• Never wash a vehicle that is “hot to the touch” or during exposure tostrong, direct sunlight.

• Always use a clean sponge or car wash mitt with plenty of water forbest results.

• Dry the vehicle with a chamois or soft terry cloth towel in order toeliminate water spotting.

• It is especially important to wash the vehicle regularly during thewinter months, as dirt and road salt are difficult to remove and causedamage to the vehicle.

• Immediately remove items such as gasoline, diesel fuel, bird droppingsand insect deposits because they can cause damage to the vehicle’spaintwork and trim over time. Use Bug and Tar Remover, ZC-42,which is available from your authorized dealer.

• Remove any exterior accessories, such as antennas, before entering acar wash.

• Suntan lotions and insect repellents can damage any paintedsurface; if these substances come in contact with your vehicle,wash off as soon as possible.

Exterior chrome• Wash the vehicle first, using cool or lukewarm water and a neutral pH

shampoo, such as Motorcraft Detail Wash (ZC-3–A).• Use Custom Bright Metal Cleaner (ZC-15), available from your

authorized dealer. Apply the product as you would a wax to cleanbumpers and other chrome parts; allow the cleaner to dry for a fewminutes, then wipe off the haze with a clean, dry rag.

• Never use abrasive materials such as steel wool or plastic padsas they can scratch the chrome surface.

• After polishing chrome bumpers, apply a coating of MotorcraftPremium Liquid Wax (ZC-53-A), available from your authorized dealer,or an equivalent quality product to help protect from environmentaleffects.

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WAXINGApplying Motorcraft Paint Sealant (ZC-45) to your vehicle every sixmonths will assist in reducing minor scratches and paint damage.• Wash the vehicle first.• Do not use waxes that contain abrasives; use Motorcraft Premium

Liquid Wax (ZC-53-A), which is available from your authorized dealer,or an equivalent quality product.

• Do not allow paint sealant to come in contact with any non-body(low-gloss black) colored trim, such as grained door handles, roofracks, bumpers, side moldings, mirror housings or the windshield cowlarea. The paint sealant will “gray” or stain the parts over time.

PAINT CHIPSYour authorized dealer has touch-up paint to match your vehicle’s color.Take your color code (printed on a sticker in the driver’s door jamb) toyour authorized dealer to ensure you get the correct color.• Remove particles such as bird droppings, tree sap, insect deposits, tar

spots, road salt and industrial fallout before repairing paint chips.• Always read the instructions before using the products.

ALUMINUM WHEELS AND WHEEL COVERSAluminum wheels and wheel covers are coated with a clearcoat paintfinish. In order to maintain their shine:• Clean weekly with Motorcraft Wheel and Tire Cleaner (ZC-37-A),

which is available from your authorized dealer. Heavy dirt and brakedust accumulation may require agitation with a sponge. Rinsethoroughly with a strong stream of water.

• Never apply any cleaning chemical to hot or warm wheel rims orcovers.

• Some automatic car washes may cause damage to the finish on yourwheel rims or covers. Chemical-strength cleaners, or cleaningchemicals, in combination with brush agitation to remove brake dustand dirt, could wear away the clearcoat finish over time.

• Do not use hydrofluoric acid-based or high caustic-based wheelcleaners, steel wool, fuels or strong household detergent.

• To remove tar and grease, use Motorcraft Bug and Tar Remover(ZC-42), available from your authorized dealer.

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ENGINEEngines are more efficient when they are clean because grease and dirtbuildup keep the engine warmer than normal.When washing:• Take care when using a power washer to clean the engine. The

high-pressure fluid could penetrate the sealed parts and causedamage.

• Do not spray a hot engine with cold water to avoid cracking theengine block or other engine components.

• Spray Motorcraft Engine Shampoo and Degreaser (ZC-20) on all partsthat require cleaning and pressure rinse clean.

• Never wash or rinse the engine while it is running; water in therunning engine may cause internal damage.

• Cover the highlighted areas to prevent water damage when cleaningthe engine.

• 2.0L and 2.3L I4 Engines

PLASTIC (NON-PAINTED) EXTERIOR PARTSUse only approved products to clean plastic parts. These products areavailable from your authorized dealer.• For routine cleaning, use Motorcraft Detail Wash (ZC-3–A).• If tar or grease spots are present, use Motorcraft Bug and Tar

Remover (ZC-42).• For plastic headlamp lenses, use Motorcraft Ultra Clear Spray Glass

Cleaner (ZC-23).

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WINDOWS AND WIPER BLADESThe windshield, rear and side windows and the wiper blades should becleaned regularly. If the wipers do not wipe properly, substances on thevehicle’s glass or the wiper blades may be the cause. These may includehot wax treatments used by commercial car washes, water repellentcoatings, tree sap, or other organic contamination; these contaminantsmay cause squeaking or chatter noise from the blades, and streaking andsmearing of the windshield. To clean these items, follow these tips:• The windshield, rear windows and side windows may be cleaned with

a non-abrasive cleaner such as Motorcraft Ultra-Clear Spray GlassCleaner (ZC-23), available from your authorized dealer.

• The wiper blades can be cleaned with isopropyl (rubbing) alcohol orMotorcraft Premium Windshield Washer Concentrate (ZC-32-A),available from your authorized dealer. This washer fluid containsspecial solution in addition to alcohol which helps to remove the hotwax deposited on the wiper blade and windshield from automated carwash facilities. Be sure to replace wiper blades when they appearworn or do not function properly.

• Do not use abrasives, as they may cause scratches.• Do not use fuel, kerosene, or paint thinner to clean any parts.If you cannot remove those streaks after cleaning with the glass cleaneror if the wipers chatter and move in a jerky motion, clean the outersurface of the windshield and the wiper blades using a sponge or softcloth with a neutral detergent or mild-abrasive cleaning solution. Aftercleaning, rinse the windshield and wiper blades with clean water. Thewindshield is clean if beads do not form when you rinse the windshieldwith water.Do not use sharp objects, such as a razor blade, to clean theinside of the rear window or to remove decals, as it may causedamage to the rear window defroster’s heated grid lines.

INSTRUMENT PANEL / INTERIOR TRIM AND CLUSTER LENSClean the instrument panel, interior trim areas and cluster lens with aclean and damp white cotton cloth, then with a clean and dry whitecotton cloth; you may also use Motorcraft Dash & Vinyl Cleaner(ZC-38-A) on the instrument panel and interior trim areas.• Avoid cleaners or polishes that increase the gloss of the upper portion

of the instrument panel. The dull finish in this area helps protect thedriver from undesirable windshield reflection.

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• Be certain to wash or wipe your hands clean if you have been incontact with certain products such as insect repellent and suntanlotion in order to avoid possible damage to the interior paintedsurfaces.

• Do not use household or glass cleaners as these may damage thefinish of the instrument panel, interior trim and cluster lens.

Do not use chemical solvents or strong detergents when cleaningthe steering wheel or instrument panel to avoid contamination of

the airbag system.

If a staining liquid like coffee/juice has been spilled on the instrumentpanel or on interior trim surfaces, clean as follows:1. Wipe up spilled liquid using a clean white cotton cloth.2. Apply Motorcraft Deluxe Leather and Vinyl Cleaner (ZC-11-A) [InCanada use Motorcraft Multi-Purpose Cleaner (CXC-101)] to the wipedarea and spread around evenly.3. Apply more Motorcraft cleaner to a clean white cotton cloth and pressthe cloth onto the soiled area–allow this to set at room temperature for30 minutes.4. Remove the soaked cloth, and if it is not soiled badly, use this cloth toclean the area by using a rubbing motion for 60 seconds.5. Following this, wipe area dry with a clean white cotton cloth.

INTERIORFor fabric, carpets, cloth seats, safety belts and seats equipped with sideairbags:• Remove dust and loose dirt with a vacuum cleaner.• Remove light stains and soil with Motorcraft Professional Strength

Carpet & Upholstery Cleaner (ZC-54).• If grease or tar is present on the material, spot-clean the area first

with Motorcraft Spot and Stain Remover (ZC-14).• If a ring forms on the fabric after spot cleaning, clean the entire area

immediately (but do not oversaturate) or the ring will set.• Do not use household cleaning products or glass cleaners, which can

stain and discolor the fabric and affect the flame retardant abilities ofthe seat materials.

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Do not use cleaning solvents, bleach or dye on the vehicle’ssafety belts, as these actions may weaken the belt webbing.

Do not use chemical solvents or strong detergents when cleaningthe seat-mounted side airbag (if equipped). Such products could

contaminate the side airbag system and affect performance of the sideairbag in a collision.

LEATHER SEATS (IF EQUIPPED)Your leather seating surfaces have a clear, protective coating over theleather.• To clean, use a soft cloth with Motorcraft Deluxe Leather and Vinyl

Cleaner (ZC-11-A). Dry the area with a soft cloth.• To help maintain its resiliency and color, use the Motorcraft Deluxe

Leather Care Kit (ZC-11-D), available from your authorized dealer.• Do not use household cleaning products, alcohol solutions, solvents or

cleaners intended for rubber, vinyl and plastics, or oil/petroleum-basedleather conditioners. These products may cause premature wearing ofthe clear, protective coating.

Note: In some instances, color or dye transfer can occur when wetclothing comes in contact with leather upholstery. If this occurs, theleather should be cleaned immediately to avoid permanent staining.

UNDERBODYFlush the complete underside of your vehicle frequently. Keep body anddoor drain holes free from packed dirt.

FORD AND LINCOLN MERCURY CAR CARE PRODUCTSYour Ford or Lincoln Mercury authorized dealer has many qualityproducts available to clean your vehicle and protect its finishes. Thesequality products have been specifically engineered to fulfill yourautomotive needs; they are custom designed to complement the styleand appearance of your vehicle. Each product is made from high qualitymaterials that meet or exceed rigid specifications. For best results, usethe following products or products of equivalent quality:Motorcraft Bug and Tar Remover (ZC-42)Motorcraft Car Care Kit (ZC-26)

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Motorcraft Car Wash (Canada only) (CXC-21)Motorcraft Custom Bright Metal Cleaner (ZC-15)Motorcraft Custom Clear Coat Polish (ZC–8–A)Motorcraft Custom Vinyl Protectant (U.S. only) (ZC-40-A)Motorcraft Dash and Vinyl Cleaner (ZC-38–A)Motorcraft Deluxe Leather and Vinyl Cleaner (U.S. only) (ZC-11–A)Motorcraft Detail Wash (ZC-3–A)Motorcraft Dusting Cloth (ZC-24)Motorcraft Engine Shampoo and Degreaser (U.S. only) (ZC-20)Motorcraft Engine Shampoo (Canada only) (CXC-66-A)Motorcraft One Step Wash and Wax Concentrate (ZC-6-A)Motorcraft Paint Sealant (ZC-45)Motorcraft Premium Car Wash Concentrate (U.S. only) (ZC-17-B)Motorcraft Premium Glass Cleaner (Canada only) (CXC-100)Motorcraft Premium Liquid Wax (ZC-53-A)Motorcraft Premium Windshield Washer Concentrate (ZC-32–A)Motorcraft Professional Strength Carpet & Upholstery Cleaner (ZC-54)Motorcraft Spot and Stain Remover (U.S. only) (ZC-14)Motorcraft Tire Clean and Shine (ZC-28)Motorcraft Triple Clean (U.S. only) (ZC-13)Motorcraft Ultra-Clear Spray Glass Cleaner (ZC-23)Motorcraft Vinyl Cleaner (Canada only) (CXC-93)Motorcraft Wheel and Tire Cleaner (ZC-37–A)

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SERVICE RECOMMENDATIONSTo help you service your vehicle, we provide scheduled maintenanceinformation which makes tracking routine service easy.If your vehicle requires professional service, your authorized dealer canprovide the necessary parts and service. Check your Warranty Guide tofind out which parts and services are covered.Use only recommended fuels, lubricants, fluids and service partsconforming to specifications. Motorcraft parts are designed and built toprovide the best performance in your vehicle.

PRECAUTIONS WHEN SERVICING YOUR VEHICLEBe especially careful when inspecting or servicing your vehicle.• Do not work on a hot engine.• When the engine is running, make sure that loose clothing, jewelry or

long hair does not get caught in moving parts.• Do not work on a vehicle with the engine running in an enclosed

space, unless you are sure you have enough ventilation.• Keep all open flames and other burning (cigarettes) material away

from the battery and all fuel related parts.If you disconnect the battery, the engine must “relearn” its idle conditionbefore your vehicle will drive properly, as explained in Battery in thissection.

Working with the engine off• Automatic transmission:1. Set the parking brake and shift to P (Park).2. Turn off the engine and remove the key.3. Block the wheels.• Manual transmission:1. Set the parking brake, depress the clutch and place the gearshift in 1(First).2. Turn off the engine and remove the key.3. Block the wheels.

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Working with the engine on• Automatic transmission:

1. Set the parking brake and shift to P (Park).

2. Block the wheels.

• Manual transmission:

1. Set the parking brake, depress the clutch and place the gearshift in N(Neutral).

2. Block the wheels.

To reduce the risk of vehicle damage and/or personal burninjuries do not start your engine with the air cleaner removed

and do not remove it while the engine is running.

OPENING THE HOOD1. Inside the vehicle, pull the hoodrelease handle located under theinstrument panel.

2. Go to the front of the vehicle and release the auxiliary latch that islocated under the front of the hood.

3. Lift the hood and support it with the strut in the yellow-coloredretainer; ensuring it is secure.

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IDENTIFYING COMPONENTS IN THE ENGINE COMPARTMENT

2.0L/2.3L I4 Engines

1. Windshield washer fluid reservoir

2. Engine coolant reservoir

3. Engine oil filler cap

4. Brake/Clutch fluid reservoir

5. Power distribution box

6. Battery

7. Automatic transaxle fluid dipstick (if equipped)

8. Engine oil dipstick

9. Power steering fluid reservoir

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WINDSHIELD WASHER FLUIDAdd fluid to fill the reservoir if thelevel is low. In very cold weather, donot fill the reservoir completely.Only use a washer fluid that meetsFord specification WSB-M8B16-A2.Do not use any special washer fluidsuch as windshield water repellenttype fluid or bug wash. They maycause squeaking, chatter noise,streaking and smearing. Refer to theMaintenance productspecifications and capacities section in this chapter.State or local regulations on volatile organic compounds may restrict theuse of methanol, a common windshield washer antifreeze additive.Washer fluids containing non-methanol antifreeze agents should be usedonly if they provide cold weather protection without damaging thevehicle’s paint finish, wiper blades or washer system.

If you operate your vehicle in temperatures below 40° F (4.5°C),use washer fluid with antifreeze protection. Failure to use

washer fluid with antifreeze protection in cold weather could result inimpaired windshield vision and increase the risk of injury or accident.

Note: Do not put washer fluid in the engine coolant reservoir. Washerfluid placed in the cooling system may harm engine and cooling systemcomponents.

CHANGING THE WIPER BLADES1. Pull the wiper blade and armaway from the glass. Turn the bladeat a right angle to the arm. Push thelock tab (A) to release the bladefrom the arm loop and pull theblade down toward the windshieldto remove it from the arm.2. Attach the new blade to the armloop and pull it into place until aclick is heard.Replace wiper blades at least once per year for optimum performance.

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Poor wiper quality can be improved by cleaning the wiper blades and thewindshield, refer to Windows and wiper blades in the Cleaning chapter.

To prolong the life of the wiper blades, it is highly recommended toscrape off the ice on the windshield before turning on the wipers. Thelayer of ice has many sharp edges and can damage the micro edge of thewiper rubber element.

ENGINE OIL

Checking the engine oilRefer to the scheduled maintenance information for the appropriateintervals for checking the engine oil.

1. Make sure the vehicle is on level ground.

2. Turn the engine off and wait a few minutes for the oil to drain into theoil pan.3. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in P(automatic transaxle) or 1st (manual transaxle).4. Open the hood. Protect yourself from engine heat.5. Locate and carefully remove the engine oil level indicator (dipstick).6. Wipe the indicator clean. Insert the indicator fully, then remove it again.• If the oil level is between the

MIN and MAX marks, the oillevel is acceptable. DO NOTADD OIL.

• If the oil level is below the MINmark, add enough engine oil toraise the level within the MIN andMAX range. Refer to Addingengine oil in this chapter.

• Oil levels above MAX markmay cause engine damage. Ifthe engine is overfilled, some oilmust be removed from the engineby an authorized dealer.

7. Put the indicator back in and ensure it is fully seated.

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Adding engine oil1. Check the engine oil. For instructions, refer to Checking the engineoil in this chapter.2. If the engine oil level is not within the normal range, add only certifiedengine oil of the recommended viscosity. Remove the engine oil filler capand use a funnel to pour the engine oil into the opening.3. Recheck the engine oil level. Make sure the oil level is not above theMAX mark on the engine oil level indicator (dipstick).4. Install the indicator and ensure it is fully seated.5. Fully install the engine oil filler cap by turning the filler cap clockwisetightly until clicks are heard, or until it is snug.To avoid possible oil loss, DO NOT operate the vehicle with theengine oil level indicator and/or the engine oil filler cap removed.

Engine oil and filter recommendationsLook for this certificationtrademark.

Use SAE 5W-20 engine oilOnly use oils “Certified For Gasoline Engines” by the AmericanPetroleum Institute (API). An oil with this trademark symbol conformsto the current engine and emission system protection standards and fueleconomy requirements of the International Lubricant Standardization andApproval Committee (ILSAC), comprised of U.S. and Japaneseautomobile manufacturers.To protect your engine’s warranty use Motorcraft SAE 5W-20 or anequivalent SAE 5W-20 oil meeting Ford specification WSS-M2C930-A.SAE 5W-20 oil provides optimum fuel economy and durabilityperformance meeting all requirements for your vehicle’s engine.Do not use supplemental engine oil additives, cleaners or other enginetreatments. They are unnecessary and could lead to engine damage thatis not covered by Ford warranty.

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Change your engine oil and filter according to the appropriate schedulelisted in scheduled maintenance information.Ford production and aftermarket (Motorcraft) oil filters are designed foradded engine protection and long life. If a replacement oil filter is usedthat does not meet Ford material and design specifications, start-upengine noises or knock may be experienced.It is recommended you use the appropriate Motorcraft oil filter (oranother brand meeting Ford specifications) for your engine application.

BATTERYYour vehicle is equipped with aMotorcraft maintenance-free batterywhich normally does not requireadditional water during its life ofservice.

If your battery has a cover/shield, make sure it is reinstalledafter the battery has been cleaned or replaced.For longer, trouble-free operation, keep the top of the battery clean anddry. Also, make certain the battery cables are always tightly fastened tothe battery terminals.If you see any corrosion on the battery or terminals, remove the cablesfrom the terminals and clean with a wire brush. You can neutralize theacid with a solution of baking soda and water.It is recommended that the negative battery cable terminal be disconnectedfrom the battery if you plan to store your vehicle for an extended period oftime. This will minimize the discharge of your battery during storage.Note: Electrical or electronic accessories or components added tothe vehicle by the dealer or the owner may adversely affectbattery performance and durability.

Batteries normally produce explosive gases which can causepersonal injury. Therefore, do not allow flames, sparks or lighted

substances to come near the battery. When working near the battery,always shield your face and protect your eyes. Always provide properventilation.

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When lifting a plastic-cased battery, excessive pressure on theend walls could cause acid to flow through the vent caps,

resulting in personal injury and/or damage to the vehicle or battery.Lift the battery with a battery carrier or with your hands on oppositecorners.

Keep batteries out of reach of children. Batteries contain sulfuricacid. Avoid contact with skin, eyes or clothing. Shield your eyes

when working near the battery to protect against possible splashing ofacid solution. In case of acid contact with skin or eyes, flushimmediately with water for a minimum of 15 minutes and get promptmedical attention. If acid is swallowed, call a physician immediately.

Battery posts, terminals and related accessories contain lead andlead compounds. Wash hands after handling.

Because your vehicle’s engine is electronically controlled by a computer,some control conditions are maintained by power from the battery. Whenthe battery is disconnected or a new battery is installed, the engine mustrelearn its idle and fuel trim strategy for optimum driveability andperformance. To begin this process:1. With the vehicle at a complete stop, set the parking brake.2. Put the gearshift in P (Park) (automatic transaxle) or the neutralposition (manual transaxle), turn off all accessories and start the engine.3. Run the engine until it reaches normal operating temperature.4. Allow the engine to idle for at least one minute.5. Turn the A/C on and allow the engine to idle for at least one minute.6. Drive the vehicle to complete the relearning process.• The vehicle may need to be driven 10 miles (16 km) or more to

relearn the idle and fuel trim strategy.• If you do not allow the engine to relearn its idle trim, the idle

quality of your vehicle may be adversely affected until the idletrim is eventually relearned.

When the battery is disconnected or a new battery installed, thetransmission must learn its adaptive strategy. As a result of this, thetransmission may shift firmly. This operation is considered normal andwill fully update transmission operation to its optimum shift feel.

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If the battery has been disconnected or a new battery has been installed,the clock and the preset radio stations must be reset once the battery isreconnected.• Always dispose of automotive

batteries in a responsible manner.Follow your local authorizedstandards for disposal. Call yourlocal authorized recycling centerto find out more about recyclingautomotive batteries.

ENGINE COOLANT

Checking engine coolantThe concentration and level of engine coolant should be checked at theintervals listed in scheduled maintenance information. The coolantconcentration should be maintained at 50/50 coolant and distilled water,which equates to a freeze point of -34°F (-36°C). Coolant concentrationtesting is possible with a hydrometer or antifreeze tester (such as theRotunda Battery and Antifreeze Tester, 014–R1060). The level of coolantshould be maintained at the “FULL COLD” level or within the “COLDFILL RANGE” in the coolant reservoir. If the level falls below, addcoolant per the instructions in the Adding engine coolant section.

Your vehicle was factory-filled with a 50/50 engine coolant and waterconcentration. If the concentration of coolant falls below 40% or above60%, the engine parts could become damaged or not work properly. A50–50 mixture of coolant and water provides the following:

• Freeze protection down to -34°F (-36°C).

• Boiling protection up to 265°F (129°C).

• Protection against rust and other forms of corrosion.

• Enables calibrated gauges to work properly.

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When the engine is cold, check thelevel of the engine coolant in thereservoir.

• The engine coolant should be at the “FULL COLD” level or within the“COLD FILL RANGE” as listed on the engine coolant reservoir(depending upon application).

• Refer to scheduled maintenance information for service intervalschedules.

• Be sure to read and understand Precautions when servicing yourvehicle in this chapter.

If the engine coolant has not been checked at the recommended interval,the engine coolant reservoir may become low or empty. If the reservoir islow or empty, add engine coolant to the reservoir. Refer to Addingengine coolant in this chapter.Note: Automotive fluids are not interchangeable; do not use enginecoolant, antifreeze or windshield washer fluid outside of its specifiedfunction and vehicle location.Adding engine coolantWhen adding coolant, make sure it is a 50/50 mixture of engine coolantand distilled water. Add the mixture to the coolant reservoir, when theengine is cool, until the appropriate fill level is obtained.

Do not add engine coolant when the engine is hot. Steam andscalding liquids released from a hot cooling system can burn you

badly. Also, you can be burned if you spill coolant on hot engine parts.

Do not put engine coolant in the windshield washer fluidcontainer. If sprayed on the windshield, engine coolant could

make it difficult to see through the windshield.

• Add Motorcraft Premium Gold Engine Coolant or equivalentmeeting Ford specification WSS-M97B51-A1. Refer toMaintenance product specifications and capacities in this chapter.

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Note: Use of Motorcraft Cooling System Stop Leak Pellets or anequivalent product meeting Ford specification WSS-M99B37-B6, maydarken the color of Motorcraft Premium Gold Engine Coolant fromyellow to golden tan.• Do not add/mix an orange-colored, extended life coolant such

as Motorcraft Specialty Orange Engine Coolant, meeting Fordspecification WSS-M97B44-D, with the factory-filled coolant.Mixing Motorcraft Specialty Orange Engine Coolant or anyorange-colored extended life product with your factory filled coolantcan result in degraded corrosion protection.

• A large amount of water without engine coolant may be added, in caseof emergency, to reach a vehicle service location. In this instance, thecooling system must be drained and refilled with a 50/50 mixture ofengine coolant and distilled water as soon as possible. Water alone(without engine coolant) can cause engine damage from corrosion,overheating or freezing.

• Do not use alcohol, methanol, brine or any engine coolantsmixed with alcohol or methanol antifreeze (coolant). Alcoholand other liquids can cause engine damage from overheating orfreezing.

• Do not add extra inhibitors or additives to the coolant. Thesecan be harmful and compromise the corrosion protection of the enginecoolant.

For vehicles with overflow coolant systems with a non-pressurized capon the coolant recovery system, add coolant to the coolant recoveryreservoir when the engine is cool. Add the proper mixture of coolant andwater to the “FULL COLD” level. For all other vehicles which have acoolant degas system with a pressurized cap, or if it is necessary toremove the coolant pressure relief cap on the radiator of a vehicle withan overflow system, follow these steps to add engine coolant.

To reduce the risk of personal injury, make sure the engine iscool before unscrewing the coolant pressure relief cap. The

cooling system is under pressure; steam and hot liquid can come outforcefully when the cap is loosened slightly.

1. Before you begin, turn the engine off and let it cool.2. When the engine is cool, wrap a thick cloth around the coolantpressure relief cap on the coolant reservoir (a translucent plastic bottle).Slowly turn cap counterclockwise (left) until pressure begins to release.

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3. Step back while the pressure releases.4. When you are sure that all the pressure has been released, use thecloth to turn it counterclockwise and remove the cap.5. Fill the coolant reservoir slowly with the proper coolant mixture (seeabove), to within the “COLD FILL RANGE” or the “FULL COLD” level onthe reservoir. If you removed the radiator cap in an overflow system, fillthe radiator until the coolant is visible and radiator is almost full.6. Replace the cap. Turn until tightly installed. (Cap must be tightlyinstalled to prevent coolant loss.)After any coolant has been added, check the coolant concentration (referto Checking engine coolant). If the concentration is not 50/50(protection to –34°F/–36°C), drain some coolant and adjust theconcentration. It may take several drains and additions to obtain a 50/50coolant concentration.Whenever coolant has been added, the coolant level in the coolantreservoir should be checked the next few times you drive the vehicle. Ifnecessary, add enough 50/50 concentration of engine coolant anddistilled water to bring the liquid level to the proper level.If you have to add more than 1.0 quart (1.0 liter) of engine coolant permonth, have your authorized dealer check the engine cooling system.Your cooling system may have a leak. Operating an engine with a lowlevel of coolant can result in engine overheating and possible enginedamage.

Recycled engine coolantFord Motor Company does NOT recommend the use of recycled enginecoolant in vehicles originally equipped with Motorcraft Premium GoldEngine Coolant since a Ford-approved recycling process is not yetavailable.

Used engine coolant should be disposed of in an appropriatemanner. Follow your community’s regulations and standards for recyclingand disposing of automotive fluids.

Coolant refill capacityTo find out how much fluid your vehicle’s cooling system can hold, referto Maintenance product specifications and capacities in this chapter.Fill your engine coolant reservoir as outlined in Adding engine coolantin this section.

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Severe climates

If you drive in extremely cold climates (less than –34° F [–36° C ]):

• It may be necessary to increase the coolant concentrationabove 50%.

• NEVER increase the coolant concentration above 60%.

• Increased engine coolant concentrations above 60% willdecrease the overheat protection characteristics of the enginecoolant and may cause engine damage.

• Refer to the chart on the coolant container to ensure thecoolant concentration in your vehicle will provide adequatefreeze protection at the temperatures in which you drive in thewinter months.

If you drive in extremely hot climates:

• It is still necessary to maintain the coolant concentrationabove 40%.

• NEVER decrease the coolant concentration below 40%.

• Decreased engine coolant concentrations below 40% willdecrease the corrosion protection characteristics of the enginecoolant and may cause engine damage.

• Decreased engine coolant concentrations below 40% willdecrease the freeze protection characteristics of the enginecoolant and may cause engine damage.

• Refer to the chart on the coolant container to ensure thecoolant concentration in your vehicle will provide adequateprotection at the temperatures in which you drive.

Vehicles driven year-round in non-extreme climates should use a 50/50mixture of engine coolant and distilled water for optimum cooling systemand engine protection.

What you should know about fail-safe coolingIf the engine coolant supply is depleted, this feature allows the vehicle tobe driven temporarily before incremental component damage is incurred.The “fail-safe” distance depends on ambient temperatures, vehicle loadand terrain.

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How fail-safe cooling worksIf the engine begins to overheat:• The engine coolant temperature

gauge will move to the red (hot)area.

• The “Check Engine” indicatorlight will illuminate.

If the engine reaches a presetover-temperature condition, the engine will automatically switch toalternating cylinder operation. Each disabled cylinder acts as an airpump and cools the engine.When this occurs the vehicle will still operate. However:• The engine power will be limited.• The air conditioning system will be disabled.Continued operation will increase the engine temperature:• The engine will completely shut down.• Steering and braking effort will increase.Once the engine temperature cools, the engine can be re-started. Takeyour vehicle to an authorized dealer as soon as possible to minimizeengine damage.When fail-safe mode is activatedYou have limited engine power when in the fail-safe mode, so drive thevehicle with caution. The vehicle will not be able to maintain high speedoperation and the engine will run rough. Remember that the engine iscapable of completely shutting down automatically to prevent enginedamage, therefore:1. Pull off the road as soon as safely possible and turn off the engine.2. Arrange for the vehicle to be taken to an authorized dealer.3. If this is not possible, wait a short period for the engine to cool.4. Check the coolant level and replenish if low.

Never remove the coolant reservoir cap while the engine isrunning or hot.

5. Restart the engine and take your vehicle to an authorized dealer.Driving the vehicle without repairing the engine problemincreases the chance of engine damage. Take your vehicle to anauthorized dealer as soon as possible.

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FUEL FILTERFor fuel filter replacement, see your authorized dealer. Refer toscheduled maintenance information for the appropriate intervals forchanging the fuel filter.Replace the fuel filter with an authorized Motorcraft part. Thecustomer warranty may be void for any damage to the fuel systemif an authorized Motorcraft fuel filter is not used.

WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT AUTOMOTIVE FUELS

Important safety precautions

Do not overfill the fuel tank. The pressure in an overfilled tankmay cause leakage and lead to fuel spray and fire.

The fuel system may be under pressure. If the fuel filler cap isventing vapor or if you hear a hissing sound, wait until it stops

before completely removing the fuel filler cap. Otherwise, fuel mayspray out and injure you or others.

If you do not use the proper fuel filler cap, excessive vacuum inthe fuel tank may damage the fuel system or cause the fuel cap

to disengage in a collision, which may result in possible personal injury.

Automotive fuels can cause serious injury or death if misused ormishandled.

Gasoline may contain benzene, which is a cancer-causing agent.

Observe the following guidelines when handling automotive fuel:• Extinguish all smoking materials

and any open flames beforerefueling your vehicle.

• Always turn off the vehicle beforerefueling.

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• Automotive fuels can be harmful or fatal if swallowed. Fuel such asgasoline is highly toxic and if swallowed can cause death or permanentinjury. If fuel is swallowed, call a physician immediately, even if nosymptoms are immediately apparent. The toxic effects of fuel may notbe visible for hours.

• Avoid inhaling fuel vapors. Inhaling too much fuel vapor of any kindcan lead to eye and respiratory tract irritation. In severe cases,excessive or prolonged breathing of fuel vapor can cause seriousillness and permanent injury.

• Avoid getting fuel liquid in your eyes. If fuel is splashed in the eyes,remove contact lenses (if worn), flush with water for 15 minutes andseek medical attention. Failure to seek proper medical attention couldlead to permanent injury.

• Fuels can also be harmful if absorbed through the skin. If fuel issplashed on the skin and/or clothing, promptly remove contaminatedclothing and wash skin thoroughly with soap and water. Repeated orprolonged skin contact with fuel liquid or vapor causes skin irritation.

• Be particularly careful if you are taking “Antabuse” or other forms ofdisulfiram for the treatment of alcoholism. Breathing gasoline vapors,or skin contact could cause an adverse reaction. In sensitiveindividuals, serious personal injury or sickness may result. If fuel issplashed on the skin, promptly wash skin thoroughly with soap andwater. Consult a physician immediately if you experience an adversereaction.

When refueling always shut the engine off and never allowsparks or open flames near the filler neck. Never smoke while

refueling. Fuel vapor is extremely hazardous under certain conditions.Care should be taken to avoid inhaling excess fumes.

The flow of fuel through a fuel pump nozzle can produce staticelectricity, which can cause a fire if fuel is pumped into an

ungrounded fuel container.

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Refueling

Fuel vapor burns violently and a fuel fire can cause severeinjuries. To help avoid injuries to you and others:

• Read and follow all the instructions on the pump island;• Turn off your engine when you are refueling;• Do not smoke if you are near fuel or refueling your vehicle;• Keep sparks, flames and smoking materials away from fuel;• Stay outside your vehicle and do not leave the fuel pump unattended

when refueling your vehicle — this is against the law in some places;• Keep children away from the fuel pump; never let children pump fuel.

Use the following guidelines to avoid electrostatic charge build-up whenfilling an ungrounded fuel container:• Place approved fuel container on the ground.• DO NOT fill a fuel container while it is in the vehicle (including the

cargo area).• Keep the fuel pump nozzle in contact with the fuel container while filling.• DO NOT use a device that would hold the fuel pump handle in the fill

position.

Fuel Filler CapYour fuel tank filler cap has an indexed design with a 1/4 turn on/off feature.When fueling your vehicle:1. Turn the engine off.2. Carefully turn the filler cap counterclockwise 1/4 of a turn until it stops.3. Pull to remove the cap from the fuel filler pipe.4. To install the cap, align the tabs on the cap with the notches on thefiller pipe.5. Turn the filler cap clockwise 1/4 of a turn until at least one click is heard.If the CHECK FUEL CAP indicator comes on, the fuel filler cap may notbe properly installed. Turn off the engine, remove the fuel filler cap,align the cap properly and reinstall it.

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If you must replace the fuel filler cap, replace it with a fuel fillercap that is designed for your vehicle. The customer warranty maybe void for any damage to the fuel tank or fuel system if thecorrect genuine Ford or Motorcraft fuel filler cap is not used.

The fuel system may be under pressure. If the fuel filler cap isventing vapor or if you hear a hissing sound, wait until it stops

before completely removing the fuel filler cap. Otherwise, fuel mayspray out and injure you or others.

If you do not use the proper fuel filler cap, excessive vacuum inthe fuel tank may damage the fuel system or cause the fuel cap

to disengage in a collision, which may result in possible personal injury.

Choosing the right fuelUse only UNLEADED fuel or UNLEADED fuel blended with a maximumof 10% ethanol. Your vehicle was not designed to run on E85 fuels thatare blended with a maximum of 85% ethanol. The use of leaded fuel isprohibited by law and could damage your vehicle. Do not use fuelcontaining methanol. It can damage critical fuel system components.

Your vehicle was not designed to use fuel or fuel additives with metalliccompounds, including manganese-based additives. Studies indicate thatthese additives can cause your vehicle’s emission control system todeteriorate more rapidly.

Repairs to correct the effects of using a fuel for which your vehicle wasnot designed may not be covered by your warranty.

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Octane recommendationsYour vehicle is designed to use“Regular” unleaded gasoline withpump (R+M)/2 octane rating of 87.We do not recommend the use ofgasolines labeled as “Regular” thatare sold with octane ratings of 86 or lower in high altitude areas.Do not be concerned if your engine sometimes knocks lightly. However, ifit knocks heavily under most driving conditions while you are using fuelwith the recommended octane rating, see your authorized dealer toprevent any engine damage.

Fuel qualityIf you are experiencing starting, rough idle or hesitation driveabilityproblems, try a different brand of unleaded gasoline. “Premium” unleadedgasoline is not recommended for vehicles designed to use “Regular”unleaded gasoline because it may cause these problems to become morepronounced. If the problems persist, see your authorized dealer.Do not add aftermarket fuel additive products to your fuel tank. Itshould not be necessary to add any aftermarket products to your fueltank if you continue to use high quality fuel of the recommended octanerating. These products have not been approved for your engine andcould cause damage to the fuel system. Repairs to correct the effects ofusing an aftermarket product in your fuel may not be covered by yourwarranty.Many of the world’s automakers approved the World-wide Fuel Charterthat recommends gasoline specifications to provide improvedperformance and emission control system protection for your vehicle.Gasolines that meet the World-wide Fuel Charter should be used whenavailable. Ask your fuel supplier about gasolines that meet theWorld-wide Fuel Charter.

Cleaner airFord endorses the use of reformulated “cleaner-burning” gasolines toimprove air quality, per the recommendations in the Choosing the RightFuel section.

Running out of fuelAvoid running out of fuel because this situation may have an adverseeffect on powertrain components.

87(R+M)/2 METHOD

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If you have run out of fuel:• You may need to cycle the ignition from OFF to ON several times after

refueling to allow the fuel system to pump the fuel from the tank tothe engine. On restarting, cranking time will take a few seconds longerthan normal.

• Normally, adding one gallon of fuel is enough to restart the engine. Ifthe vehicle is out of fuel and on a steep grade, more than one gallonmay be required.

• The indicator may come on. For more information on the “checkengine” or the “service engine soon” indicator, refer to Warning lightsand chimes in the Instrument Cluster chapter.

ESSENTIALS OF GOOD FUEL ECONOMY

Measuring techniquesYour best source of information about actual fuel economy is you, thedriver. You must gather information as accurately and consistently aspossible. Fuel expense, frequency of fill-ups or fuel gauge readings areNOT accurate as a measure of fuel economy. We do not recommendtaking fuel economy measurements during the first 1,000 miles(1,600 km) of driving (engine break-in period). You will get a moreaccurate measurement after 2,000 miles-3,000 miles(3,000 km–5,000 km).

Filling the tankThe advertised fuel capacity of the fuel tank on your vehicle is equal tothe rated refill capacity of the fuel tank as listed in the Maintenanceproduct specifications and capacities section of this chapter.The advertised capacity is the amount of the indicated capacity and theempty reserve combined. Indicated capacity is the difference in theamount of fuel in a full tank and a tank when the fuel gauge indicatesempty. Empty reserve is the small amount of fuel remaining in the fueltank after the fuel gauge indicates empty.The amount of usable fuel in the empty reserve varies and shouldnot be relied upon to increase driving range. When refueling yourvehicle after the fuel gauge indicates empty, you might not beable to refuel the full amount of the advertised capacity of thefuel tank due to the empty reserve still present in the tank.For consistent results when filling the fuel tank:• Turn the engine/ignition switch to the off position prior to refueling,

an error in the reading will result if the engine is left running.

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• Use the same filling rate setting (low — medium — high) each timethe tank is filled.

• Allow no more than two automatic click-offs when filling.• Always use fuel with the recommended octane rating.• Use a known quality gasoline, preferably a national brand.• Use the same side of the same pump and have the vehicle facing the

same direction each time you fill up.• Have the vehicle loading and distribution the same every time.Your results will be most accurate if your filling method is consistent.

Calculating fuel economy1. Fill the fuel tank completely and record the initial odometer reading(in miles or kilometers).2. Each time you fill the tank, record the amount of fuel added (ingallons or liters).3. After at least three to five tank fill-ups, fill the fuel tank and recordthe current odometer reading.4. Subtract your initial odometer reading from the current odometerreading.5. Follow one of the simple calculations in order to determine fueleconomy:

Calculation 1: Divide total miles traveled by total gallons used.Calculation 2: Multiply liters used by 100, then divide by totalkilometers traveled.

Keep a record for at least one month and record the type of driving (cityor highway). This will provide an accurate estimate of the vehicle’s fueleconomy under current driving conditions. Additionally, keeping recordsduring summer and winter will show how temperature impacts fueleconomy. In general, lower temperatures give lower fuel economy.

Driving style — good driving and fuel economy habitsGive consideration to the lists that follow and you may be able to changea number of variables and improve your fuel economy.

Habits• Smooth, moderate operation can yield up to 10% savings in fuel.• Steady speeds without stopping will usually give the best fuel

economy.

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• Idling for long periods of time (greater than one minute) may wastefuel.

• Anticipate stopping; slowing down may eliminate the need to stop.• Sudden or hard accelerations may reduce fuel economy.• Slow down gradually.• Driving at reasonable speeds (traveling at 55 mph [88 km/h] uses 15%

less fuel than traveling at 65 mph [105 km/h]).• Revving the engine before turning it off may reduce fuel economy.• Using the air conditioner or defroster may reduce fuel economy.• You may want to turn off the speed control in hilly terrain if

unnecessary shifting between the top gears occurs. Unnecessaryshifting of this type could result in reduced fuel economy.

• Warming up a vehicle on cold mornings is not required and mayreduce fuel economy.

• Resting your foot on the brake pedal while driving may reduce fueleconomy.

• Combine errands and minimize stop-and-go driving.

Maintenance• Keep tires properly inflated and use only recommended size.• Operating a vehicle with the wheels out of alignment will reduce fuel

economy.• Use recommended engine oil. Refer to Maintenance product

specifications and capacities in this chapter.• Perform all regularly scheduled maintenance items. Follow the

recommended maintenance schedule and owner maintenance checksfound in scheduled maintenance information.

Conditions• Heavily loading a vehicle or towing a trailer may reduce fuel economy

at any speed.• Carrying unnecessary weight may reduce fuel economy (approximately

1 mpg [0.4 km/L] is lost for every 400 lb [180 kg] of weight carried).• Adding certain accessories to your vehicle (for example bug

deflectors, rollbars/light bars, running boards, ski/luggage racks) mayreduce fuel economy.

• Using fuel blended with alcohol may lower fuel economy.

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• Fuel economy may decrease with lower temperatures during the first8–10 miles (12–16 km) of driving.

• Driving on flat terrain offers improved fuel economy as compared todriving on hilly terrain.

• Transaxles give their best fuel economy when operated in the topcruise gear and with steady pressure on the gas pedal.

• Close windows for high speed driving.

EPA window stickerEvery new vehicle should have the EPA window sticker. Contact yourauthorized dealer if the window sticker is not supplied with your vehicle.The EPA window sticker should be your guide for the fuel economycomparisons with other vehicles.It is important to note the box in the lower left corner of the windowsticker. These numbers represent the Range of MPG (L/100 km)expected on the vehicle under optimum conditions. Your fuel economymay vary depending upon the method of operation and conditions.

EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEMYour vehicle is equipped with various emission control components and acatalytic converter which will enable your vehicle to comply withapplicable exhaust emission standards. To make sure that the catalyticconverter and other emission control components continue to workproperly:• Use only the specified fuel listed.• Avoid running out of fuel.• Do not turn off the ignition while your vehicle is moving, especially at

high speeds.• Have the items listed in scheduled maintenance information

performed according to the specified schedule.The scheduled maintenance items listed in scheduled maintenanceinformation are essential to the life and performance of your vehicleand to its emissions system.If other than Ford, Motorcraft or Ford-authorized parts are used formaintenance replacements or for service of components affectingemission control, such non-Ford parts should be equivalent to genuineFord Motor Company parts in performance and durability.

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Do not park, idle, or drive your vehicle in dry grass or other dryground cover. The emission system heats up the engine

compartment and exhaust system, which can start a fire.

Illumination of the indicator, charging system warning light or thetemperature warning light, fluid leaks, strange odors, smoke or loss ofengine power could indicate that the emission control system is notworking properly.An improperly operating or damaged exhaust system may allow exhaustto enter the vehicle. Have a damaged or improperly operating exhaustsystem inspected and repaired immediately.

Exhaust leaks may result in entry of harmful and potentiallylethal fumes into the passenger compartment.

Do not make any unauthorized changes to your vehicle or engine. Bylaw, vehicle owners and anyone who manufactures, repairs, services,sells, leases, trades vehicles, or supervises a fleet of vehicles are notpermitted to intentionally remove an emission control device or preventit from working. Information about your vehicle’s emission system is onthe Vehicle Emission Control Information Decal located on or near theengine. This decal identifies engine displacement and gives some tune upspecifications.Please consult your Warranty Guide for complete emission warrantyinformation.

On board diagnostics (OBD-II)Your vehicle is equipped with a computer that monitors the engine’semission control system. This system is commonly known as the OnBoard Diagnostics System (OBD-II). The OBD-II system protects theenvironment by ensuring that your vehicle continues to meetgovernment emission standards. The OBD-II system also assists yourauthorized dealer in properly servicing your vehicle. When theindicator illuminates, the OBD-II system has detected a malfunction.Temporary malfunctions may cause the indicator to illuminate.Examples are:1. The vehicle has run out of fuel—the engine may misfire or run poorly.2. Poor fuel quality or water in the fuel—the engine may misfire or runpoorly.

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3. The fuel cap may not have been securely tightened. See Fuel fillercap in this chapter.4. Driving through deep water – the electrical system may be wet.These temporary malfunctions can be corrected by filling the fuel tankwith good quality fuel, properly tightening the fuel cap or letting theelectrical system dry out. After three driving cycles without these or anyother temporary malfunctions present, the indicator should stay offthe next time the engine is started. A driving cycle consists of a coldengine startup followed by mixed city/highway driving. No additionalvehicle service is required.

If the indicator remains on, have your vehicle serviced at the firstavailable opportunity. Although some malfunctions detected by theOBD-II may not have symptoms that are apparent, continued drivingwith the indicator on can result in increased emissions, lower fueleconomy, reduced engine and transmission smoothness, and lead to morecostly repairs.

Readiness for Inspection/Maintenance (I/M) testingSome state/provincial and local governments may haveInspection/Maintenance (I/M) programs to inspect the emission controlequipment on your vehicle. Failure to pass this inspection could preventyou from getting a vehicle registration. Your vehicle may not pass the I/Mtest if the indicator is on or not working properly (bulb is burnedout), or if the OBD-II system has determined that some of the emissioncontrol systems have not been properly checked. In this case, the vehicleis considered not ready for I/M testing.

If the indicator is on or the bulb does not work, the vehicle mayneed to be serviced. Refer to the On board diagnostics (OBD-II)description in this chapter.If the vehicle’s engine or transmission has just been serviced, or thebattery has recently run down or been replaced, the OBD-II system mayindicate that the vehicle is not ready for I/M testing. To determine if thevehicle is ready for I/M testing, turn the ignition key to the ON positionfor 15 seconds without cranking the engine. If the indicator blinkseight times, it means that the vehicle is not ready for I/M testing; ifthe indicator stays on solid, it means that the vehicle is ready forI/M testing.

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The OBD-II system is designed to check the emission control systemduring normal driving. A complete check may take several days. If thevehicle is not ready for I/M testing, the following driving cycle consistingof mixed city and highway driving may be performed:15 minutes of steady driving on an expressway/highway followed by 20minutes of stop-and-go driving with at least four 30 second idle periods.Allow the vehicle to sit for at least eight hours without starting theengine. Then, start the engine and complete the above driving cycle. Theengine must warm up to its normal operating temperature. Once started,do not turn off the engine until the above driving cycle is complete. Ifthe vehicle is still not ready for I/M testing, the above driving cycle willhave to be repeated.

POWER STEERING FLUIDCheck the fluid. Refer to thescheduled maintenanceinformation for servicemaintenance schedules.1. Start the engine and let it rununtil it reaches normal operatingtemperature.2. Turn the steering wheel left andright several times.3. Turn the engine off.4. Check the fluid level.5. If the fluid is below the MIN line, add fluid in small amounts until itreaches the correct level (between the MIN and MAX lines).Use only MERCON" ATF.

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BRAKE/CLUTCH FLUIDBrake and clutch systems are supplied from the same reservoir.The fluid level will drop slowly asthe brakes wear, and will rise whenthe brake components are replaced.Fluid levels between the “MIN” and“MAX” lines are within the normaloperating range; there is no need toadd fluid. If the fluid levels areoutside of the normal operatingrange the performance of thesystem could be compromised; seekservice from your authorized dealerimmediately.

TRANSMISSION FLUID

Checking automatic transmission fluidRefer to your scheduled maintenance information for scheduledintervals for fluid checks and changes. Your transaxle does not consumefluid. However, the fluid level should be checked if the transaxle is notworking properly, i.e., if the transaxle slips or shifts slowly or if younotice some sign of fluid leakage.Automatic transmission fluid expands when warmed. To obtain anaccurate fluid check, drive the vehicle until it is warmed up(approximately 20 miles [30 km]). If your vehicle has been operatedfor an extended period at high speeds, in city traffic during hotweather or pulling a trailer, the vehicle should be turned off forabout 30 minutes to allow fluid to cool before checking.1. Drive the vehicle 20 miles (30 km) or until it reaches normal operatingtemperature.2. Park the vehicle on a level surface and engage the parking brake.3. With the parking brake engaged and your foot on the brake pedal,start the engine and move the gearshift lever through all of the gearranges. Allow sufficient time for each gear to engage.4. Latch the gearshift lever in P (Park) and leave the engine running.5. Remove the dipstick, wiping it clean with a clean, dry lint free rag. Ifnecessary, refer to Identifying components in the engine compartmentin this chapter for the location of the dipstick.

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6. Install the dipstick making sure it is fully seated in the filler tube.7. Remove the dipstick and inspect the fluid level. The fluid should be inthe designated areas for normal operating temperature.

Low fluid levelDo not drive the vehicle if the fluidlevel is at the bottom of the dipstickand the outside temperatures areabove 50°F (10°C).

Correct fluid levelThe transmission fluid should be checked at normal operatingtemperatures 120°F-140°F (50°C-60°C) on a level surface. The normaloperating temperature can be reached after approximately 20 miles(30 km) of driving.The transmission fluid should be inthis range if at normal operatingtemperature (120°F-140°F[50°C-60°C]).

High fluid levelFluid levels above the safe rangemay result in transaxle failure. Anoverfill condition of transmissionfluid may cause shift and/orengagement concerns and/orpossible damage.High fluid levels can be caused by an overheating condition.

Adjusting automatic transmission fluid levelsBefore adding any fluid, make sure the correct type is used. The type offluid used is normally indicated on the dipstick and also in the Maintenanceproduct specifications and capacities section in this chapter.Use of a non-approved automatic transmission fluid may causeinternal transaxle component damage.

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If necessary, add fluid in 1/2 pint (250 mL) increments through the fillertube until the level is correct.If an overfill occurs, excess fluidshould be removed by an authorizeddealer.An overfill condition oftransmission fluid may causeshift and/or engagementconcerns and/or possible damage.Do not use supplemental transmission fluid additives, treatments orcleaning agents. The use of these materials may affect transmissionoperation and result in damage to internal transmission components.

Checking and adding manual transmission fluid (if equipped)1. Clean the filler plug.2. Remove the filler plug andinspect the fluid level.3. Fluid level should be at thebottom of the opening.4. Add enough fluid through thefiller opening so that the fluid levelis at the bottom of the opening.5. Install and tighten the fill plugsecurely.Use only fluid that meets Ford specifications. Refer to the Maintenanceproduct specifications and capacities section in this chapter.

AIR FILTER ELEMENTYour vehicle is equipped with a lifetime air filter. The air filter assemblyincludes a restriction gauge indicator that can be checked by yourauthorized dealer. Refer to scheduled maintenance information for theproper inspection intervals.

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MOTORCRAFT PART NUMBERS

Component 2.0L I4 engine 2.3L I4 engineAir filter element N/A (Lifetime)1 N/A (Lifetime)1

Fuel filter FG-1081 FG-1081Oil filter FL-9104 FL-9104

Battery BXT-96R BXT-96RBattery (if equippedwith Audiophile radio orengine block heater)

BXT-40R BXT-40R

PCV valve 2

Spark plugs 3

1Non Serviceable Part. The air filter is designed to last the life of thevehicle. See authorized dealer or qualified technician for replacement.The Technician can check the diagnostics system for the possibility of anexcessively dirty air filter.2The PCV valve is a critical emission component. It is one of the itemslisted in scheduled maintenance information and is essential to thelife and performance of your vehicle and to its emissions system.For PCV valve replacement, see your authorized dealer. Refer toscheduled maintenance information for the appropriate intervals forchanging the PCV valve.Replace the PCV valve with one that meets Ford material anddesign specifications for your vehicle, such as a Motorcraft orequivalent replacement part. The customer warranty may be voidfor any damage to the emissions system if such a PCV valve is notused.3For spark plug replacement, see your authorized dealer. Refer toscheduled maintenance information for the appropriate intervals forchanging the spark plugs.Replace the spark plugs with ones that meet Ford material anddesign specifications for your vehicle, such as Motorcraft orequivalent replacement parts. The customer warranty may bevoid for any damage to the engine if such spark plugs are notused.4Only use the specified replacement oil filter. The use of a non-specifiedoil filter can result in engine damage.

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ENGINE DATA

Engine 2.0L I4 engine 2.3L I4 engineCubic inches 121 138Required fuel 87 octane 87 octaneFiring order 1–3–4–2 1–3–4–2Ignition system C.O.P C.O.PCompression ratio 10.1:1 9.7:1Spark plug gap .051 inch +/- .002

1.3 mm +/- .05.051 inch +/- .0021.3 mm +/- .05

Engine drivebelt routing

• 2.0L / 2.3L I4 Engine without A/C

• 2.0L / 2.3L I4 Engine with A/C

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IDENTIFYING YOUR VEHICLE

Safety Compliance Certification LabelThe National Highway Traffic SafetyAdministration Regulations requirethat a Safety ComplianceCertification Label be affixed to avehicle and prescribe where theSafety Compliance CertificationLabel may be located. The SafetyCompliance Certification Label islocated on the structure (B-Pillar)by the trailing edge of the driver’sdoor or the edge of the driver’sdoor.

Vehicle identification number (VIN)The vehicle identification number islocated on the driver sideinstrument panel.Please note that in the graphic,XXXX is representative of yourvehicle identification number.

XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

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The Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) contains the followinginformation:1. World manufacturer identifier2. Brake system / Gross VehicleWeight Rating (GVWR) / RestraintSystem3. Vehicle line, series, body type4. Engine type5. Check digit6. Model year7. Assembly plant8. Production sequence number

TRANSMISSION/TRANSAXLE CODE DESIGNATIONSYou can find atransmission/transaxle code on theSafety Compliance CertificationLabel. The following table tells youwhich transmission or transaxleeach code represents.

Description CodeFour-speed automatic 2Five-speed manual (MTX75) Z

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GENUINE FORD ACCESSORIES FOR YOUR VEHICLEA wide selection of Genuine Ford Accessories are available for yourvehicle through your local Ford or Ford of Canada dealer. These qualityaccessories have been specifically engineered to fulfill your automotiveneeds; they are custom designed to complement the style andaerodynamic appearance of your vehicle. In addition, each accessory ismade from high quality materials and meets or exceeds Ford’s rigorousengineering and safety specifications. Ford Motor Company will repair orreplace any properly dealer-installed Genuine Ford Accessories found tobe defective in factory-supplied materials or workmanship during thewarranty period, as well as any component damaged by the defectiveaccessories. The accessories will be warranted for whichever providesyou the greatest benefit:• 12 months or 12,000 miles (20,000 km) (whichever occurs first), or• the remainder of your new vehicle limited warranty.Contact your dealer for details and a copy of the warranty.The following is a list of several Genuine Ford Accessories. Not allaccessories are available for all models. For a complete listing of theaccessories that are available for your vehicle, please contact your dealeror visit our online store at: www.fordaccessoriesstore.com.

Exterior styleBug shieldsChrome exhaust tipsDeflectorsExterior trim kitsFront end coversFog lightsSplash guardsWheels

Interior styleConsolesElectrochromatic compass/temperature interior mirrorsFloor mats

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LifestyleAsh cup / smoker’s packageCargo organization and managementTripTunes#

Peace of mindMobile-Ease# hands free communication systemRemote startVehicle security systemsWheel locksNot all accessories are available for all models.For maximum vehicle performance, keep the following information inmind when adding accessories or equipment to your vehicle:• When adding accessories, equipment, passengers and luggage to your

vehicle, do not exceed the total weight capacity of the vehicle or ofthe front or rear axle (GVWR or GAWR as indicated on the SafetyCompliance Certification label). Consult your authorized dealer forspecific weight information.

• The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and Canadian RadioTelecommunications Commission (CRTC) regulate the use of mobilecommunications systems — such as two-way radios, telephones andtheft alarms - that are equipped with radio transmitters. Any suchequipment installed in your vehicle should comply with FCC or CRTCregulations and should be installed only by a qualified servicetechnician.

• Mobile communications systems may harm the operation of yourvehicle, particularly if they are not properly designed for automotiveuse.

• To avoid interference with other vehicle functions, such as anti-lockbraking systems, amateur radio users who install radios and antennasonto their vehicle should not locate the Amateur Radio Antennas inthe area of the driver’s side hood.

• Electrical or electronic accessories or components that are added tothe vehicle by the authorized dealer or the owner may adversely affectbattery performance and durability.

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A

Air cleaner filter ...............215–216Airbag supplemental restraintsystem ..............................90–91, 99

and child safety seats ..............92description ..........................91, 99disposal ....................................101driver airbag ......................92, 100indicator light ...........................99operation ...........................92, 100passenger airbag ...............92, 100side airbag .................................99

Antifreeze(see Engine coolant) ................195Anti-lock brake system(see Brakes) ..............................142Anti-theft system ..................67, 69

arming the system ....................70disarming atriggered system .......................70triggering ...................................70

Audio system(see Radio) ......................16, 20, 24Automatic transaxle

fluid, adding ............................213fluid, checking ........................213fluid, specification ..................217

Automatic transmission ............145driving an automaticoverdrive .................................146fluid, refill capacities ..............217

Axlerefill capacities ........................217

B

Battery .......................................193acid, treating emergencies .....193jumping a disabled battery ....166

maintenance-free ....................193replacement, specifications ...216servicing ..................................193

Belt-Minder" ...............................86Brakes ................................141–142

anti-lock ...................................142anti-lock brake system (ABS)warning light ...........................142fluid, checking and adding ....213fluid, refill capacities ..............217fluid, specifications .................217lubricant specifications ..........217parking ....................................142shift interlock ..........................145

Break-in period .............................5Bulbs ............................................38

C

Capacities for refilling fluids ....217Cargo cover .................................56Cell phone use ..............................7Child safety restraints ..............102

child safety belts ....................102Child safety seats ......................106

attaching withtether straps ...........................110in front seat ............................107in rear seat ..............................107LATCH .....................................112

Cleaning your vehicleengine compartment ..............182instrument panel ....................183interior .....................................184plastic parts ............................182washing ....................................180waxing .....................................181wheels ......................................181wiper blades ............................183

Climate control (see Airconditioning or Heating) ......31–32

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Clock adjust6-CD in dash .............................24

Clutchfluid ..........................................213operation while driving ..........148recommended shift speeds ....149

Consoleoverhead ....................................46

Controlssteering column ........................53

Coolantchecking and adding ..............195refill capacities ................198, 217specifications ..........................217

Cruise control(see Speed control) ....................50Customer Assistance ................151

Ford Extended ServicePlan ..........................................176Getting assistance outsidethe U.S. and Canada ..............177Getting roadside assistance ...151Getting the service youneed .........................................172Ordering additional owner’sliterature .................................178Utilizing theMediation/ArbitrationProgram ...................................176

D

Daytime running lamps(see Lamps) ................................36Defrost

rear window ..............................34Dipstick

automatic transmissionfluid ..........................................213engine oil .................................191

Driving under specialconditions ..................................148

through water .........................150

E

Emergencies, roadsidejump-starting ..........................166

Emission control system ..........209Engine ........................................219

cleaning ...................................182coolant .....................................195fail-safe cooling .......................199idle speed control ...................193lubrication specifications .......217refill capacities ........................217service points ..........................189starting after a collision .........153

Engine block heater .................141Engine fan .................................189Engine oil ..................................191

change oil soon warning,message center .......................191checking and adding ..............191dipstick ....................................191filter, specifications ........192, 216recommendations ...................192refill capacities ........................217specifications ..........................217

Exhaust fumes ..........................140

F

Fail safe cooling ........................199Fan, Engine Cooling .........187, 189Floor mats ...................................55Fluid capacities .........................217Foglamps .....................................35Fuel ............................................201

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calculating fuel economy .......206cap ...........................................203capacity ...................................217choosing the right fuel ...........204comparisons with EPA fueleconomy estimates .................209detergent in fuel .....................205filling your vehiclewith fuel ..................201, 203, 206filter, specifications ........201, 216fuel pump shut-off switch .....153improving fuel economy ........206octane rating ...................205, 219quality ......................................205running out of fuel .................205safety information relating toautomotive fuels .....................201

Fuel pump shut-off switch .......153Fuses ..................................153–154

G

Garage door opener ....................47Gas cap (see Fuel cap) ............203Gas mileage(see Fuel economy) .................206Gauges .........................................14

H

Hazard flashers .........................152Headlamps ...................................35

aiming ..................................36–37bulb specifications ....................39daytime running lights .............36flash to pass ..............................36high beam .................................36replacing bulbs .........................40turning on and off ....................35

Heatingheater only system ...................31

Hood ..........................................188

I

Ignition ...............................138, 219Infant seats(see Safety seats) .....................106Inspection/maintenance (I/M)testing ........................................211Instrument panel

cleaning ...................................183cluster ........................................10lighting up panel andinterior .......................................36

J

Jump-starting your vehicle ......166

K

Keyless entry systemautolock .....................................59

Keys .......................................59, 68positions of the ignition .........138

L

Lampsbulb replacementspecifications chart ..................39daytime running light ...............36fog lamps ...................................35headlamps .................................35headlamps, flash to pass ..........36instrument panel, dimming .....36interior lamps .....................38–39replacing bulbs .........................40

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Lane change indicator(see Turn signal) ........................38

Liftgate ........................................57

Lights, warning and indicator ....10anti-lock brakes (ABS) ..........142

Load limits .................................129

Locksautolock .....................................59childproof ..................................61

Lubricant specifications ...........217

Lug nuts ....................................165

M

Manual transaxlelubricant specifications ..........217

Manual transmission .................148fluid capacities ........................217reverse .....................................149

Mirrors .........................................49heated ........................................49side view mirrors (power) .......49

Moon roof ....................................53Motorcraft parts ........185, 201, 216

O

Octane rating ............................205Oil (see Engine oil) ..................191

P

Parking brake ............................142Parts (see Motorcraft parts) ....216Passenger OccupantClassification Sensor ...................78

Power distribution box(see Fuses) ...............................157Power door locks ........................59Power mirrors .............................49Power point .................................47Power steering ..........................144

fluid, checking and adding ....212fluid, refill capacity ................217fluid, specifications .................217

Power Windows ...........................48

R

Radio ................................16, 20, 24Rear window defroster ...............34Relays ........................................153Remote audio controls ...............53Remote entry system .................63

locking/unlocking doors ...........64opening the trunk .....................65panic alarm ...............................65replacement/additionaltransmitters ...............................66replacing the batteries .............65

Roadside assistance ..................151

S

Safety Belt Maintenance ............85Safety belts (see Safetyrestraints) ........................76, 80–83Safety defects,reporting ............................178–179Safety restraints ..............76, 80–84

Belt-Minder" .............................86extension assembly ..................84for adults .............................81–83for children .....................101–102

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Occupant ClassificationSensor ........................................78safety belt maintenance ...........85warning light and chime ..........85

Safety seats for children ..........106Safety ComplianceCertification Label ....................220Seat belts(see Safety restraints) ...............76Seats ............................................71

child safety seats ....................106SecuriLock passive anti-theftsystem ..........................................67Servicing your vehicle ..............187Setting the clock

AM/FM/In-dash 6 CD ................24Spark plugs,specifications .....................216, 219Specification chart,lubricants ...................................217Speed control ..............................50Starting your vehicle ........138–140

jump starting ..........................166Steering wheel

controls ......................................53tilting .........................................46

Sunroof (moonroof) ...................53

T

Temperature control(see Climate control) .................31Tilt steering wheel ......................46Tires ...................................114–115

alignment ................................122care ..........................................118

changing ..................................162checking the pressure ............118inflating ...................................116label .........................................128replacing ..................................120rotating ....................................122safety practices .......................121sidewall information ...............124snow tires and chains ............129spare tire .................................160terminology .............................115tire grades ...............................115treadwear ........................114, 119

Towing .......................................134recreational towing .................137trailer towing ..........................134wrecker ....................................171

Traction control ........................143Transaxle

lubricant specifications ..........217Transmission

automatic operation ...............145brake-shift interlock (BSI) ....145fluid, checking and adding(automatic) .............................213fluid, checking and adding(manual) .................................215fluid, refill capacities ..............217manual operation ....................148

Trunk ...........................................61remote release ..........................65

Turn signal ..................................38

V

Vehicle Identification Number(VIN) ..........................................220Vehicle loading ..........................129Ventilating your vehicle ...........141

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W

Warning lights (see Lights) .......10Washer fluid ..............................190Water, Driving through .............150Windows

power .........................................48

rear wiper/washer .....................45

Windshield washer fluid andwipers

checking and adding fluid .....190operation ...................................45replacing wiper blades ...........190

Wrecker towing .........................171

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